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Transcript of Culture
People who interact in a defined territory and share a culture
Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.
Elements of Culture:
The idea that people perceive the world through the cultural lens of language.
There are certain thoughts of an individual in one language that can not be understood by those who live in another language.
The way people think is strongly affected by their native language
Statements that people hold to be true
What is Culture ?
It is :
behaviours and material objects that together form a peoples way of life.
South African neck rings only worn by women
lip rings only worn by men
Tangible things that are created by members of the society
Famous statue of David
roasted asian duck
Traditional Hawaiian dance outfit
Non Material Culture:
The intangible world of IDEAS created by members of a society. Abstract human creations such as language, ideas,beliefs, rules, skills,family patterns, work practices, marriage ceremonies, and superstitions.
African Clicking language
African belief: you eat only with your right hand, because you use your left hand to wipe after you defecate.
Turkey: Don't chew gum after dark as it turns into the flesh of the dead.
Spain: At midnight on New Years, you don't kiss. You eat 12 grapes, for 12 months of good luck.
Japan: Tuck your thumbs in when passing a cemetery to protect your parents (thumb translates to 'parent finger').
Russia: You must always give an even number of flowers in a bouquet or it means death, and never give yellow flowers to your spouse as it means infidelity and friendship.
India: They put a ring in a bowl of milk for the wedding ceremony. The bride and groom root around for it. Who ever finds it will wear the pants in the relationship.
China: The number four is very bad luck, due to the pronunciation being very close to the word for death. Therefor, they skip the fourth floor in buildings and any number that has a four in it. (we skip the 13 th)
Mongolia: The soul moves around the body so you must see a witch doctor before getting a hair cut or having surgery in case your soul gets cut off.
Argentina: To ward off bad luck they touch their left testicle or left breast. (we knock on wood)
Japan: you must hide your stomach during a thunder storm (especially at night) because 'Raijin' God of thunder will steal and eat your belly button during the storm
Vermont U.S.A.: Farm houses were built with 'witch windows' because witches could not fly their brooms into tilted openings
Canadian Pow wow
Personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life
eating snake in Vietnam
Fish head soup in Hungary
Language: a system of symbols that allows people to communicate with each other
speaking German at awards ceremony
The process by which one generation passes culture to the next.
Inuits building igloos
Inuits preserving food
Traditional Mexican dance taught in school
Teaching how to make traditional foods
Toska: (Russian) Deep spiritual anguish or longing with nothing to long for.
Manihlapinalapei: (Yagan) meaningful look shared by two people who both desire to initiate something but are both reluctant to start
Saudade: (Portuguese) refers to the feeling of longing for something or someone that you love and which is lost
Wabi-Sabi: (Japanese) a way of living that focuses on finding beauty within the imperfections of life and accepting peacefully the natural growth and decay
Examples of living in a different language
Culturally defined standards by which people assess desirability, goodness,and beauty. That serve as broad guidelines for social living
Italian Renaissance: Fat meant 'value' of the human body and pureness. Women were beautiful and sexy if they were fat
David Lopera just completed art work depicting celebrities as fat
(words that can not be translated)
40 words for snow
1) Equality and fairness in a democratic society
2) Consultation and dialogue (over conflict)
3) Importance of accommodations and tolerance
4) Support for diversity
5) Compassion and generosity
6) Attachment to Canada's natural beauty
7) Our world image: commitment to freedom, peace, and non-violent change
Values are sometimes in conflict
One may believe eating a certain animal is bad because it is believed to be bad in their culture.
Someone else might believe that they should keep certain objects in their home because that is what is believed in their culture
Norms, Mores and Folkways
Norms: Rules and expectations by which society guides the behaviour of its members
(Iranian) If you have been found guilty of committing Adultery. As a woman you are buried up to your neck and stoned by MEDIUM sized rocks. If you survive you go to jail. As a man you are buried up to your waist. If you can survive and free yourself you are free.
(Saudi Arabia) If you are found guilty of murder, rape, drug trafficking , sodomy, or armed robbery. You are publicly beheaded.
(Afghanistan) If you are found guilty of theft you have your right hand amputated. If it is highway robbery you have your right hand and left foot amputated
Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance
Based on definitions of right and wrong, morally significant, violating them results in disapproval.
A lot are based on religious beliefs, living in sin, same sex marriage
Norms for routines and casual interactions
Based on being socially approved but not morally significant
Proper dress for church
men shaking hands when they meet
belching after a meal