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Narrative Techniques

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by

Lea Hanko

on 22 September 2017

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Transcript of Narrative Techniques

Personal narrative
: a spoken or written account of connected events in the author's life; a story about the author.
What is a personal narrative?
Point of view
Point of view
: the narrator's position in relation to the story being told.
A personal narrative is always told in the first person
.
First person POV
: the story is narrated by the character whom which the story is about. This character may be speaking about him/herself or sharing events that he/she is experiencing.
Dialogue
What makes a narrative?
Authors often employ certain techniques in order to create a narrative. These techniques are called
narrative techniques
. These techniques fall into categories of:
1. Point of view
2. Dialogue
3. Diction
4. Imagery
5. Structure
6. Setting

Personal Narrative Unit
Narrative Techniques
Dialogue
: conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie.
"Have you - did you read -?" he sputtered.

"No," Harry lied quickly.

Filch's knobbly hands were twisting together.

"If I thought you'd read my private - not that it's mine - for a friend - be that as it may - however -"

Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
, J.K. Rowling
Dialogue has several benefits. It can help readers better understand a character, create interest and move a story along.
Diction
Diction
: the choice of words or vocabulary used by an author.
- Diction creates the style and
tone
of a piece.
Formal/high diction
: characterized by the use of long, polysyllabic, complex words.

Informal/low diction
: characterized by the use of shorter, monosyllabic words; creates an informal, or conversational, tone.
Figurative Language
Figurative language
: words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation.
Structure
Structure
: the order in which the details of a story are told.
Chronological
: the events are told in the order they happened.
Retrospective
: starts in the future and moves backwards.
Comparison and contrast
Cause and Effect
Inductive
: information given moves from specific to general.
Deductive
: information moves from general to specific.

Setting
Setting
: the historical moment in time and geographic location in which a story takes place, and helps initiate the main backdrop and mood for a story.
Descriptive Writing/Imagery
Descriptive writing
is a thorough spoken or written representation or account of a person, place or object.
- Descriptive writing often targets one or more of the five senses, and as a result, may be referred to as sensory language.
Reflection
Reflection
is defined as serious thought or consideration of a past or current event's effect or consequence(s).
Flashback and Flash Forward
Flashback
: a scene set in a time earlier than the main story.

Flash forward
: a scene that temporarily takes the narrative forward in time.

* Both techniques provide background information on an author, allowing the reader to better understand his/her thoughts, actions and statements.
Irony
Symbolism
Symbolism is the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
- the use of symbols in a text
provides the reader with little "clues" as to what the theme of message of the text is.
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