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Narrative Techniques

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by

Lea Hanko

on 25 October 2016

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Transcript of Narrative Techniques

Narrative
: a spoken or written account of connected events; a story.
- There are
two
types:
fictional
and
personal
narratives.
What is a narrative?
Point of view
Point of view
: the narrator's position in relation to the story being told.
-
First person
: the story is narrated by one character at a time. This character may be speaking about him/herself or sharing events that he/she is experiencing.
-
Third person
: the story is narrated by someone who does not have access to any character's thoughts, opinions, or feelings; instead, it gives an objective, unbiased point of view.
Third person limited
: the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character. All characters are described using pronouns such as 'they', 'he', and 'she.'
Third person omniscient
: the narrator knows all the thoughts and feelings of all the characters in the story.
Dialogue
What makes a narrative?
Authors often employ certain techniques in order to create a narrative. These techniques are called
narrative techniques
. These techniques fall into categories of:
1. Point of view
2. Dialogue
3. Diction
4. Imagery
5. Structure
6. Character
7. Setting

Personal Narrative Unit
Narrative Techniques
Dialogue
: conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie.
"Have you - did you read -?" he sputtered.

"No," Harry lied quickly.

Filch's knobbly hands were twisting together.

"If I thought you'd read my private - not that it's mine - for a friend - be that as it may - however -"

Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
, J.K. Rowling
Dialogue has several benefits. It can help readers better understand a character, create interest and move a story along.
Diction
Diction
: the choice of words or vocabulary used by an author.
- Diction creates the style and
tone
of a piece.
Formal/high diction
: characterized by the use of long, polysyllabic, complex words.

Informal/low diction
: characterized by the use of shorter, monosyllabic words; creates an informal, or conversational, tone.
Figurative Language
Figurative language
: words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation.
Structure
Structure
: the order in which the details of a story are told.
Chronological
: the events are told in the order they happened.
Retrospective
: starts in the future and moves backwards.
Comparison and contrast
Cause and Effect
Inductive
: information given moves from specific to general.
Deductive
: information moves from general to specific.

Character
can be defined as any person, animal, or figure represented in a literary work.
Character
There are several types of characters:
1.
Protagonist
: a main character who generates the action of a story and engages the reader's interest and empathy
2.
Antagonist
: a character who opposes the protagonist
3.
Dynamic
: a character who goes through some sort of change; they show character development
4.
Static
: characters who do not change throughout the course of the story
5.
Round
: fully developed characters who are more realistic and complex and show a true depth of personality
6.
Flat
: minor characters who do not tend to undergo major changes.
Setting
Setting
: the historical moment in time and geographic location in which a story takes place, and helps initiate the main backdrop and mood for a story.
Full transcript