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Black-footed Ferret

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Lauren Barsky

on 25 November 2014

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Transcript of Black-footed Ferret

Black-footed Ferret
Why our animal is endangered?
The black-footed ferret is endangered because their habitat is lost. They have reduced prey populations and non-native diseases threaten their health. In 1985 there were only 10 left.

They are losing their habitat, the prairie. People are destroying the prairie land and building new buildings. They are losing their homes.

The ferret’s are having a hard time finding food. They eat squirrels, mice, other rodents, and prairie dogs. The ferret depends on the prairie dog for food, colonies, and raising their young. The prairie dog’s sites are getting harder to find and this affects how they find food and survive. Also, there was a massive hunting for the prairie dog and their population decreased. Farmers on the Great Plains wanted to get rid of them because they were considered pests.

The diseases that threaten them are: Sylvatic Plague: it is a bacterial disease of wild rodents that is transmitted by fleas. Canine Distemper: it is a contagious virus that has no cure.
Where does the black-footed ferret live?
They live in North America. The specific spots are the Northern Great Plains and grasslands. The Northern Great Plains is good for the black-footed ferret because it is a grassland. The grassland provides a great landscape for the animals with everything they need to survive like : prairie dogs, rodents, bugs, squirrels, mice and there are rivers to drink out of.
What types of relationships does the black-footed ferret have? (Competitive, predatory, or mutually-beneficial)
What type of behaviors and adaptations does your animal have to help it survive in its ecosystem?
The type of adaptations are below.

Sharp teeth and strong jaws for hunting prairie dogs.
Primarily nocturnal: they rely on prairie dogs for their food and prairie dog burrows for their homes- in the dark.
Have keen sense of smell, sight, and hearing: allows them to hunt their food.
Skillful climbers: to get away from predators
Use their sharp, non-retractable claws and powerful jaws for defense.

The behaviors are: they are nocturnal, they are solitary besides when it is breeding time, and it spends most of its time underground. It is a vocal animal with hisses, chatters, and whimpers. The Black-footed ferret is a playful animal.

What biotic and abiotic things are in our animal's ecosystem?
The abiotic factors are: air, water, dirt, and rocks. The biotic factors include: grasses, trees, prairie dogs, birds, bugs, coyotes, owls, wild cats, badgers, and foxes. These abiotic features help the black footed ferret; air helps it breathe, water helps it drink and bathe, the dirt helps it build its home, and rocks help it with the home also. These biotic features help the ferret: grasses are for eating and hiding from prey, and they help them catch prey. Prairie dogs, birds, bugs are also their prey. Coyotes and owls are the predators.
Black-footed Ferret
What producers, consumers, and decomposers cycle energy within black-footed ferret ecosystem?
How has your animal ecosystem been impacted positively and negatively by humans and/or natural disasters?
There is: sun, plants (producer), insects(consumer),prairie dog (secondary consumer), black-footed ferret (Third order consumer),American badger (Fourth order consumer); the decomposes in the grasslands are : bacteria, fungi, earth worms and insects.


Negative impacts: the diseases that are spreading among them, people thinking that they are pests and they are killing them, people have plowed all of their land area, and their habitat. The black-footed ferrets most dependable food source is endangered.

Positive: thousands of captive raised ferrets are being released in the North America, people are giving them vaccines and medications for the diseases, and new populations are forming in the wild. It has a lot of protection in place from the government.


How can you help restore or maintain the black-footed ferret's ecosystem?

I think people in the Great Plains should make holes for the black footed ferret to live in so that they do not have to depend on the prairie dog, which is endangered. This will hopefully increase chance of surviving.
Many people are capturing them and giving them vaccines/medicines for their survival and health
People are also taking them for captive breeding so there will be more of them
Write to the government leaders about the importance of protecting this animal
Educate people about their survival status

The black footed ferret is predatory to prairie dogs, birds, rodents, and bugs.
It is competitive for water, food, space, and mates.

It is mutually-beneficial to the prairie dog because it takes the home of a prairie dog. It eats the prairie dog so its population does not get out of control. Once a black-footed ferret eats a prairie dog it takes the living quarters of the prairie dog.

We have some websites for donations for the black-footed ferret. The websites you can donate or "adopt one". Hopefully you will take action on the cause!!
What is abiotic and biotic?
Abiotic- characterized by the absence of life or living organisms.

Biotic- non-living organisms
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