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6.1 Citizenship and the Constitution
Transcript of 6.1 Citizenship and the Constitution
Framers of Constitution devised a federal system
Legislative Branch makes laws
Executive branch enforces laws
Judicial branch decides if a law is constitutional Terms and People:
Federal system: Divides powers between states and federal government
Impeach: Vote to bring changes to serious crimes against the president
Veto: Cancel (laws)
Executive Orders: issued by president. These have the power of law
Pardons: Freedom from punishment
Thurgood Marshall: First African American Justice (1967)
Sandra Day O'Connor: First female Justice (1981) Federal system--balance between federal government and states.
Delegated powers are national powers.
Reserved powers are state powers
Concurrent powers are shared by both. Legislative Branch:
confirms presidential appointments
declares war Executive Branch
President is limited to two terms.
If president dies, resigns, or is removed, the VP stands in.
The House can impeach the President if he commits a crime. Most recently was Bill Clinton in 1998.
President can veto a bill or law, but a 2/3 majority can over-ride the veto.
Also included in this is the Cabinet. For HW: Look up, list, and describe all the Executive Cabinet Departments
The president can also issue Executive Orders which have the power of a law without going through Congress.
Or he can grant a pardon, or excuse from punishment.
Commands armed forces, but only Congress can formally declare war. Judicial branch: federal courts headed by Supreme court. Federal courts can declare laws unconstitutional.
The President appoints the federal judges. In recent decades, the Supreme Court has become more diverse.
There are 9 Supreme Court Judges.
In 1967, Thurgood Marshall became the first African American
In 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor became the first female court justice.