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Role of African Americans in Alabama during the 1930’s
Transcript of Role of African Americans in Alabama during the 1930’s
The role of African Americans in Alabama during the 1930’s
During the 1930's racism was as strong as ever in the Southern States. Blacks were considered 3rd class citizens. http://academic.csuohio.edu/perloffr/lynching/ http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1248 Segregation and discrimination were common across this land, but in varying degrees.
In the south there was of discrimination socialy, politically and economically. Blacks were pretty much third class citizens.
In the north it was the same, but there were the black-metropolises of Harlem in New York and Bronzeville in Chicago. In the 1930's African-American people in Alabama were seen as social and intellectually inferior beigns.
To fight for their civil rights, the African-Americans gathered in churches and held many nonviolent protests.
The Great Depression in the 1930's also caused tension between whites and blacks .
The only possible professions forAfrican-American women was that of a teacher or a nurse .
Men couldn't become a policemen,firemen or salesman but they could become doctors or preachers within black community. Segregation and "Jim Craw" Laws This is the estereothype people had of
African-americans: Lazy and drunk bums. Lynch: to put to death (as by hanging) by mob action without legal sanction. Lynching African-americans was viewed as something normal "What the hell are you newspaper men doing here?" asked a White man who had been part of the vigilante group. "We're just killing a few negroes that we've waited too damn long about leaving for the buzzards. That's not news" (Raper, 1933, p. 67). Approximately 4,742 individuals were lynched between 1882 and 1968; of the victims, 3,445 or 73 percent were Black. http://www.historyonthenet.com/Slave_Trade/segregation.htm All passenger shall have separate waiting rooms or space and separate ticket windows for the white and colored races (Alabama). Pictures of some lynchings (very graphic): There was a policy of segregation that was enforced by "Jim Crow" laws. "Jim Craw" laws are resumed in the belief that whites were superior to Blacks in all important ways. Jim Crow laws touched every aspect of everyday life in Alabama during the 1930s. OTHER "JIM CRAW" LAWS Bibliography "Mob violence against
African-Americans served four
functions within southern
society during the lynching era:
To eradicate specific persons accused of crimes against the white community As a mechanism of state-sanctioned terrorism designed to maintain a degree of control over the African-American population. To eliminate or neutralize competitors for social, economic, or political rewards (not equals) As a symbolic manifestation of of white power and supremacy. http://www.umass.edu/complit/aclanet/ACLAText/USLynch.html www.everyculture.com www.allaboutthestory.com www.instablogsimages.com