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Gender Dysphoria

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by

Allison Rogers

on 20 May 2014

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Transcript of Gender Dysphoria

Define "Gender Dysphoria"
Interesting Facts/ Statistics
Gender identity disorder may manifest in children, adolescents or adults, and appears more frequently in males than in females.
While there are no recent statistics to show us how prevalent gender identity disorder is, we do know that an estimated 1 in 30,000 adult males and 1 in 100,000 adult females seek gender reassignment surgery.
Treatment for Children
*Children up to 16
- If your child has been diagnosed with transexualism and they have reached puberty, they may be treated with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues. These are synthetic (manmade) hormones that suppress the hormones naturally produced by your body.
- Endocrine treatment is a try of treatment also used on older teenagers or adults, it's treatment with hormones (powerful chemicals).

*Children over 16
- If your child has been taking GnRH analogues for several years and are still diagnosed as transsexual, they may be offered cross-sex hormones. These can alter your child’s body further to fit with their gender identity. The effects of these hormones are only partially reversible, so they are not offered to children who are under 16 years of age.


Gender dysphoria is a new diagnostic class in DSM-5.
Criteria for the new category emphasize the phenomenon of “gender incongruence” rather than cross-gender identification, as was the case in DSM-IV.
By separating it from sexual dysfunctions and paraphilias (with which it had previously been included in DSM-IV in a chapter titled “Sex and Gender Identity Disorders”), work group members said they hope to diminish stigma attached to a unique diagnosis that is used by mental health professionals but for which treatment often involves endocrinologists, surgeons, and other professionals.

Children with gender identity disorder often display the following symptoms:

Expressed desire to be the opposite sex (including passing oneself off as the opposite sex and calling oneself by an opposite sex name).
Disgust with their own genitals (Boys may pretend not to have a penis. Girls may fear growing breasts and menstruating and may refuse to sit when urinating. They also may bind their breasts to make them less noticeable.)
Belief that they will grow up to become the opposite sex.
Rejection by their peer groups.
Dressing and behaving in a manner typical of the opposite sex (for example, a female wearing boy's underwear).
Withdrawal from social interaction and activity.
Feelings of isolation, depression, and anxiety.
New Classification/Criteria
Potential Causes
The exact cause of gender identity disorder is not known, but several theories exist. These theories suggest that the disorder may be caused by genetic (chromosomal) abnormalities, hormone imbalances during fetal and childhood development, defects in normal human bonding and child rearing, or a combination of these factors.
Symptoms
Also known as "Gender Identity Disorder"
Gender identity disorder is a condition in which a male or female feels a strong identification with the opposite sex.
A person with this disorder often experiences discomfort regarding his or her actual anatomic gender. People with gender identity disorder may act and present themselves as members of the opposite sex and may express a desire to alter their bodies. The disorder affects an individual's self-image, and can impact the person's mannerisms, behavior, and dress. Individuals who are committed to altering their physical appearance through cosmetics, hormones and, in some cases, surgery are known as transsexuals.
Gender Dysphoria
By: Allison Rogers
Criteria Continued.
1. A strong desire to be of the other gender or an insistence that he or she is of the other gender

2. A distress or discomfort with living in the present gender or being perceived by others as the present gender, which is distinct from the experiences of discrimination or the societal expectations associated with that gender.

3. A distress or discomfort caused by deprivation of gender expression congruent with persistent experienced gender (or, for children, insistence that one has a gender that differs from the present gender). Experienced gender may include alternative gender identities beyond binary stereotypes.

4. A distress or discomfort with one’s current primary or secondary sex characteristics, including sex hormone status, that are incongruent with persistent experienced gender, or with anticipated pubertal development associated with natal sex.

5. A distress or discomfort caused by deprivation of primary or secondary sex characteristics, including sex hormone status, that are congruent with persistent experienced gender (including post-pubertal characteristics congruent with experienced gender, in the case of children and pre-adolescents).

Treatment for Adults
Someone who has been diagnosed with Gender Dysphoria should be referred to a specialist gender clinic.
They can also provide support and advice about living in your preferred gender role, including:
1. mental health support
2. hormone treatment
3. ways to dress in your preferred gender role
4. ways to behave in your preferred gender role
5. language and speech therapy
6. hair removal treatments
7. peer support groups to meet other people with gender dysphoria
8. relatives' support groups for your family
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