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Getting to know the Phrasal Verbs

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by

Cynthia F

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of Getting to know the Phrasal Verbs

Getting to know phrasal verbs
Introduction: Getting to know the Phrasal Verbs
Grammar-Translation Method
Total Physical Response
STUDENTS/
CLASSROOM PROFILE
·Second Cycle of E.S.O (3rd or 4th)
LESSON AIM
To introduce the use of 10 common
phrasal verbs into the classroom
environment.
CONTENT
A phrasal verb is a verb basically formed by a verb + an adverb/ a preposition.
Together it functions as a single unit.
Phrasal Verbs are one of the most difficult
aspects for learners. Why?
Phrasal Verbs sometimes have meanings that
can easily be guessed. But in other cases, phrasal verbs are very tricky. The meaning is not always obvious from the root verb.
(Ex: Carry on)
Many phrasal verbs are polysemic, i.e., they have more than one meaning.
Example: drop off
a) to slowly decline
b) to fall asleep
Sometimes there are difficulties about what the correct position
of the particles is.
Phrasal Verbs are very important for learners
because they are very common in everyday spoken
language and informal written English.
WARM UP: ACTIVITY
CAN YOU GUESS THE MEANING
PICK UP
YOUR DIRTY CLOTHES
THE LAST PERSON TO LEAVE BRITAIN PLEASE
TURN OUT
THE LIGHTS
STAND UP
FOR YOUR RIGHTS
KEEP CALM AND
CARRY ON
Approaches chosen:
Grammar-Translation Method
Total Physical Response
Communicative Language
Teaching
Total Physical Response (TPR)
TPR is a language teaching method
built around speech and action, i.e,
language and physical movement.
Commands and instructions are given to the pupils,
to which they have to respond
with actions and movements.
ACTIVITY: GYMKHANA
Try to solve this riddle.
Find out the clues
around the classroom to discover which is the hidden film.
CLUES
In this film, the protagonist turns on a time machine (a DeLorean) and travels to 1955.
The protagonist wants to go back to
his current year, 1985.
To do so, Marty has to look for a
flux capacitor, the missing item of the DeLorean.
Sentences:
1. Students must
sit down
when the teacher enters into the classroom.
2. The ones who know the answer please,
stand up
.
3. Are you
going out
tonight?
4. Could you
turn on
my computer?
5. Would you mind
turning out
the lights?


6. I am
looking for
my keys but I can´t find them.
7. To run a marathon you have to
carry on

even if you are tired.
8. The girl
picked up
the wallet that she lost.
9.
Go back
to the shop and buy some potatoes.
10. I want all of you to
write down
this sentence.

Communicative Language Teaching
The goals of this method are portrayed through the communicative competence and fluency that every learner acquires in order to interact.


ACTIVITY: PHRASAL VERBS
(List)
-Sit down =
sentarse
-Stand up =
levantarse
-Go out =
salir
-Turn on =
encender
-Turn out =
apagar
-Look for =
buscar
-Carry on =
continuar
-Pick up =
recoger
-Go back =
volver
-Write down =
apuntar
More sentences
Communicative Language
Teaching
Communicative Competence
: the abilities
and capacities that every student has with regard to the knowledge of the language.
The issue of the contextualization is essential to develop a text, either in oral or written communication.
More ideas
Fluency
: it is a central objective since students are
using the language.
More ideas
Thus, this method attempts to produce
effective communication and interaction from the very beginning, paying attention to the question of using a comprehensible pronunciation.
Grammar Translation Method
(GT)
It is a method which approaches the language by means of a detailed analysis of its structure and grammatical rules.
Grammar is taught deductively.
Its main purpose is to be able to read
the literature of the target language and to get a mental development
from its learning.
Therefore, Reading and Writing are
essential skills in GT. Students are expected to acquire a high range of
accuracy.
Vocabulary is taught using bilingual
lists and memorization is crucial
for this method.
The students are given the lessons in
their mother tongue.
Conclusion:
ACTIVITY: TABOO GAME
Grammar-Translation Method
This method puts the emphasis on
working with the structure of the target language.
Activity--> students were supposed to be able
to translate sentences to their language while
memorizing some of the phrasal verbs.
There is a major lack of contextualization.
Little attention has been paid to the
´speaking` and ´listening` skills.

Major focus on ´Writing and
Reading`.
Total Physical Response
Activity--> The objective was
not to stress the students in order to make them learn without noticing it.
Listening is clearly reinforced.
Little written material is used.
Communicative Language
Teaching
Activity--> It helps our students to
develop their speaking ability.
Positive aspects
-Clear emphasis on oral skills.
-Strengthening the spelling.
-Increasing knowledge of synonyms and
antonyms.
Negative aspects:
-Writing skills are not tackled.
Thank you for your attention
More ideas:
The verb is seen as the central item.
In this sense, TPR is focused on speaking and listening skills, comparing the learning of a given language with the acquisition of a modern tongue.
TPR is also designed to reduce the learner
stress while creating a positive mood.
Full transcript