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Chapter 9 section 3 Square Deal
Transcript of Chapter 9 section 3 Square Deal
His novel was based on human conditions in the stockyards of Chicago.
Sinclair mean for his book to be about the labor of men and omen for women for money.
Novel was called "The Jungle"
Readers were shocked by the sickening conditions of the meat packing industry. Teddy Roosevelt 's Square Deal Theodore Roosevelt didn't a appreciate Sinclair's portrait of his country
Roosevelt invited Sinclair to the White House to changer his mind about what he said in the book Theodore Roosevelt wasn't supposed to be president.
Roosevelt was McKinley Vice-President.
Soon after President McKinley's election,he was assassinated,making Roosevelt President Roosevelt's Rise Roosevelt was born into a wealthy Family in 1858
At an early age Roosevelt became a leader in Politics
Became NYC's Police commissioner after 3 terms in NY state assembly.
Then became assistant sectary of the U.S Navy
Roosevelt grabbed national attention when he advocated war against Spain.
He returned a hero after winning the battle of San Juan Hill in Cuba.
Soon after he was elected governor of NY and then won the Vice Presidency. The Modern Presidency After being forced into Presidency,Roosevelt became the youngest president ever at 42 years old.
Roosevelt acted boldly in sports.
He gained popularity and became a model towards all future presidents
Roosevelt created a program of progressive reforms designed to protect the common people against big business.
Roosevelt developed a thing for history.
He published 44 books at the age of 24.
Roosevelt thought America required a powerful Federal government.
Roosevelt met challenges to his of federal power.. Trustbusting Trusts-legal bodies created to hold stock in many companies.
By 1900,trusts controlled a majority of the industries in the U.S
Many trusts would drive out their competitors out of the market and then took advantage of the lack of competition and would jack up the prices.
President Roosevelt did not believe that all trusts were harmful but tried to stop the ones that were hurtful to the public interests.
Roosevelt concentrated on filling suits under the Sherman Antitrust Act.
1902 Roosevelt ordered the Justice Department to sue the Northern Securities Company.
Which established a monopoly over North Western railroads 1902 Coal Srike 1902,140,000 coal miners in Pennsylvania went on strike.
Demanded 20% raise,nine hour workday,and an organized union.
after 5 months into the strike coal reserves ran low.
Roosevelt agreed to submit their differences to an arbitration commission -a third arty that would work with both sides to solve the issue.
The miners won a 10% raise and a nine-hour workday.
with that the had to give up a demand for a cosed shop-which all workers must belong to a union.
Also they were not allowed to strike in the next 3 years. Railroad Regulation Roosevelt's real goal was federal regulation.
In 1887,the Interstate Commerce Act, which prohibited wealthy railroad owners from colluding to fix high prices by dividing the business in a given area.
Congress passed the Elkins Act in 1903,which made it illegal for railroad officials to give,and shippers to receive,rebates for using particular roads.
Boosted the government's power to regulate railroads. Regulating Foods and Drugs After reading The jungle,Roosevelt appointed a commission of experts to investigate the meat packing industry.
Roosevelt pushed for the Meat Inspection act which demanded strict cleanliness requirements for meat packers and for there to be federal meat inspections.
Also in 1906,Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act which called for the truth in labeling. Conservations and Natural Resources No one had payed allot of attention to the nations national resources.
The government allowed private interests to gobble up shrinking wildernesses.
Roosevelt condemned the view that America's resources were endless and made conservation a primary concern.
Roosevelt established more than 50 wildlife sanctuaries and several national parks. Roosevelt and Civil Rights Roosevelt was not in complete support for African-Americans.
He failed to support civil rights for African- Americans but did however support a few individual African Americans.
Roosevelt appointed an African American as head of the Charleston, South Carolina customhouse.
Roosevelt later angered many African Americans when he dismissed an entries regiment of African American soldiers accused of conspiracy.
As a symbolic gesture, Roosevelt invited Booker T. to a Washington dinner. BY: Taylor Horne,Lorvens Sterling,Gavin Pentz,Destiny Nogueira