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Victorian Architecture

Faith Benner

Faith Benner

on 23 March 2010

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Transcript of Victorian Architecture

Victorian Architecture Architects
One of the most influential Victorian architects whose style was derived from Greek Revival, the Italian Renaissance, and the Elizabethan country house; one of his best architectural feats was the Palace of Westminster Sir Charles Barry John Francis Bentley He put the majority of his efforts into Roman Catholic church design. His masterpiece was the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Westminster and his largest feat was his decoration of the Carlton Towers in Yorkshire Cuthbert Brodrick Of his many buildings, probably his most eclectic was his Corn Exchange in Leeds in Florentine (Italian) Renaissance design. Also in Leeds, he created the town hall and the clock tower, and in Scarborough he created the Grand Hotel. Famous Bridges
Blackfriar's Bridge
Built by the Victorian architect, Thomas Cubitt, it mirrors Gothic styling with it's sculptures by J. B. Phillip . It is partially constructed from red granite and is beautifully sculpted. Vauxhall Bridge
Created by Alexander Binnie in 1906 and named after the nearby Vauxhall Gardens. Both the bridge and the adjacent gardens have a Gothic feel to them, and the statues add elegant styling to the structure. Westminster Bridge
Built by Thomas Page and Sir Charles Barry 1862. It looks over the Houses of Parliament and is decorated with elaborate sculptures depicting the Greek heroin Boadicea and the Coade Stone Lion. Types of Architecture
Civic Architecture The buildings associated with civic architecture were sturdy ones
usually molded into the background and were altered as time
progressed to fit with the current style. The buildings were usually
town and city halls where city counsels would conduct their business.
Mainly in rural areas, they were formal and classic, without much
design or detail involved. Some of the most notable buildings were
Somerset House in London, and the more classically designed Leeds
and Sheffield. Church Architecture After time church-building became a practice for many reasons,
one being to "claim... territory." Churches would be set up in
towns to dominate the area, and so convert more people to it's
own denomination. Methodists in particular built churches
furiously and their churches were usually very large and open,
with a "straightforward" architectural style. Gothic Revival Gothic Revival (Victorian Gothic) is the "period of mock-Gothic architecture" prominent in the late 1850s and on. This fashion was more often seen in home building or in large-scale political buildings, like the Palace of Westminster, which is one of the best examples of Gothic Revival architecture. Gothic Architecture contained details such as arches and cusped ceilings and the fashion began to be seen as a philosophical idea representing "spiritual and artistic values."
Building Materials Pre-Victorian In the times before the Victorian period, builders used
materials native to the area, meaning that if the stone
was easily accessible, even the easily weathered
limestones, then it was used. Later people began scouting
other lands and bringing home different bricks and such
back to England to use, for either building or even
sculpting to make the intricate carvings so characteristic
to that time. Metals Iron and steel structures became common in the 1800s, with columns and frames prominantly showing. In the mid 1800s, large iron buildings began to spring up, for example great train stations, such as King's Cross. After a short time, though, the metal bases and frames began to be covered to make everything seem much more appealing. Stone and Brick Most of Victorian architecture is made from stones. For granite, Cornish and Shap granite were most commonly used and for paving stones York Stone was most usually found. Also known as Yorkshire flagstone, it is both an attractive material as well as a practical one. The Victorian era also used brick more than the previous time periods. They were very interested in aesthetics and colored their bricks to make their buildings more pleasing to the eye.
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