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ELA PSSA

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randi hovan

on 5 April 2016

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Transcript of ELA PSSA

Step 2: prewrite
You MUST do some form of prewriting. Do NOT just start writing your essay; you need the time and opportunity to
plan
and
organize
your thoughts and ideas.
I cannot provide you with any graphic organizers during the PSSA, but you are free to create your own. Try making a web, t-chart, story map, outline, or just do brainstorming.
Step 3: draft
Write the draft of your entire essay. Focus on getting your thoughts and ideas down, not on spelling and grammar. Use your prewriting to organize your paragraphs.
Step 4: revising/editing
Read over your draft for errors. Pay close attention to find and correct mistakes in spelling and grammar. Note that you can NOT use a dictionary or thesaurus on the PSSA. You should also be checking to see if you can add any details or sentences to strengthen your essay.
Format for Informative and Argumentative
Introduction

At least two body paragraphs

Conclusion
Step 1: RAFTS
There will also be approximately 40 multiple-choice and 8 selected response questions based on the four reading passages. For these questions, it is strongly encouraged that you go back and reread the parts of the original selection to determine the best answer.
Bringing Home Gold
on the
ELA PSSA's

R = role (whose point of view are you writing from? *remember not to use second person "you" anywhere except the hook and kicker)
A = audience (who is meant to read your essay?)
F = format (on the PSSA, it will always be a multi-paragraph essay, but you need to determine whether it's narrative, informative, or argumentative)
T = topic (what is the essay about? *this part is the most important to get right)
S = strong verb (what is the purpose of the writing?)
NARRATIVE WRITING
tells a story from beginning to end
you may not have a standard intro, body, and conclusion
use chronological order to put events in the order they happened (make sure to utilize transitions)
use dialogue with quotation marks
can use first person "I"
INFORMATIVE WRITING
the purpose is to give information or share knowledge
you must give facts, details, reasons, and examples as support
will follow standard intro, body, conclusion format
may use first person "I"
present ideas in order that best fits (chronological, logical, or order of importance)
ARGUMENTATIVE WRITING
you must use facts, evidence, examples, and anecdotes to clearly argue your view regarding a debatable issue
most of the time, argumentative essays will require research, but for the PSSA, that isn't an option
you must include counterclaims and refutations
you know you've done a good job if you've gotten the reader to agree with you
you should use third person, not "I" or "you"
Section 1: Writing
Standalone Multiple-Choice Questions
There will be approximately 20 random multiple-choice questions testing you on conventions, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, grammar, and usage.
Let's do some examples together
Read the paragraph.
(1) Suzanne and three of her best friends went on a morning hike at a nearby nature center last April. (2) The steep, rocky trails were coated with mud and slippery due to a brief spring thunderstorm that had rumbled through overnight. (3) After reaching the top of the highest hill, each of the hikers took some deep breaths and looked at the nice view for a few minutes. (4) The group of friends knew that the way back down the slippery hill might be tricky, and they needed some rest before descending.

Which sentence is the most descriptive?
A. sentence 1
B. sentence 2
C. sentence 3
D. sentence 4
Read the paragraph.
(1) Mount Davis, located in Forbes State Forest, is the tallest mountain in Pennsylvania. (2) This fact would be interesting enough on its own, but the height of Mount Davis itself is only part of the attraction. (3) At the very top of Mount Davis at about 3,213 feet above sea level is a rock that is the highest point in Pennsylvania.

Which revision of sentence 3 best uses punctuation to emphasize how high the rock is?
A. At the very top of Mount Davis; at about 3,213 feet above sea level; is a rock that is the highest point in Pennsylvania.
B. At the very top of Mount Davis, at about 3,213 feet above sea level, is a rock that is the highest point in Pennsylvania.
C. At the very top of Mount Davis (at about 3,213 feet above sea level) is a rock that is the highest point in Pennsylvania.
D. At the very top of Mount Davis - at about 3,213 feet above sea level - is a rock that is the highest point in Pennsylvania.
Read the sentences.
Meeting someone new can be an exciting and important event in life. Any two people who have just met could become very close friends for many years.

Which sentence could be added next that would best maintain consistency in style?
A. Therefore, making a good first impression is always critical.
B. However, getting uptight about meeting new people is dumb.
C. After a while, the two people will feel like they've known each other forever.
D. In the end, two people who become close friends won't sweat the small stuff.
Read the sentence.
George is a dedicated player who participates on the soccer team and who always joins together with his fellow teammates for a snack after practice.

Which is the best way to revise the sentence to remove the unnecessary word or words?
A. George is on the soccer team and joins together with his fellow teammates for a snack after practice.
B. George is a dedicated player on the soccer team who always joins his teammates for a snack after practice.
C. Being a player on the soccer team, George always joins together with his teammates for a snack after practice.
D. A dedicated player participating on the soccer team, George joins with his teammates for a snack after practice.
Read the paragraph.
(1) Heathrow Airport in London is one of the world's busiest most crowded international airports. (2) Traveling through the airport can be hectic and confusing. (3) Workers do their best to assist the many global travelers. (4) These helpful and friendly employees help to direct people from all over the world.

Where should a comma be added?
A. After "busiest" in sentence 1
B. After "hectic" in sentence 2
C. After "many" in sentence 3
D. After "helpful" in sentence 4
Read the paragraph.
(1) The White House, for the most part, is a very important building to visit. (2) There you will see the Lincoln - Room but first, you must see the outside of the White House. (3) Sometimes you can (see) the president walking on the lawn. (4) There is a great deal of history to learn, during a visit, to the White House.

Which sentence uses punctuation correctly?
A. sentence 1
B. sentence 2
C. sentence 3
D. sentence 4
Read the paragraph.
(1) On Saturday, all of the people in the grocery store (this includes both customers and employees) are going to get free samples of a new product. (2) "Juice and More Juice" is the name of the new product. (3) A number of different juices was mixed together to make the new juice product. (4) The manager of the grocery store said that before this product arrived, there were no juices that contained elderberry juice on the store shelves.

Which change would correct the mistake in the paragraph?
A. Change "are" to "is" in sentence 1
B. Change "is" to "are" in sentence 2
C. Change "was" to "were" in sentence 3
D. Change "were" to "was" in sentence 4
Read the paragraph.
The outdoors club had never gone fishing before. But when the club members heard that Lake George Campground offered fishing,
they
decided to travel to Lake George to try it out.The fishing was lot of fun.
Everyone
who worked there was friendly and helped the club members make the most of
their
trip.
This
made the whole trip worthwhile.

Which pronoun is vague or unclear?
A. they
B. everyone
C. their
D. this
Read the sentence.
The principal's speech was about the new afterschool activities that he gave on Tuesday.

Choose the best way to revise the sentence to correct the misplaced modifier.
A. The speech by the principal on Tuesday was about the new afterschool activities he gave.
B. The principal's speech on Tuesday that he gave was about the new afterschool activities.
C. The new afterschool activities that the the principal's speech was about he gave on Tuesday.
D. The speech that the principal gave on Tuesday was about the new afterschool activities.
Read the sentences.
Travis wants to read more books about sports. He feels that his older sister should check them out of the library for him. His sister disagrees.

Which revision best combines the sentences into one sentence?
A. Travis wants to read more books about sports and feels that his older sister should check them out of the library for him, and afterward his sister disagrees.
B. Travis wants to read more books about sports and feels that his older sister should check them out of the library for him, so his sister disagrees.
C. Although Travis wants to read more books about sports and feels that his older sister should check them out of the library for him, his sister disagrees.
D. Because Travis wants to read more books about sports and feels that his older sister should check them out of the library for him, his sister disagrees.
In this section, you will have to write ONE mode-specific prompt essay that is either narrative, argumentative, or informative. It will be like the essays you practice in English class. It is not based on a text or research. You will have to write from what you already know/think and from your own personal experiences.

Follow the steps of the writing process to create your essay.
You will have to write a total of 2 text-dependent analysis (TDA) essays. These are like the essays you practice in Reading class. Follow the steps of the writing process to prewrite, draft, and revise/edit.
all essays will be given a score of 4, 3, 2, or 1 based on your overall
focus, content, organization, style, and conventions
The
multiple-choice questions
will only have one BEST answer. They will ask questions about vocabulary, theme, mood, main idea, figurative language, setting, plot, character traits, and text organization.
scoring
The
introduction
must include a hook, thesis, and plan of development. It should be at least 3 sentences, and the goal is to grab your reader's attention and give them a preview of what the essay is about.
Write a
body
paragraph for each of your main ideas. Use transitions throughout to help your reader follow. Focus on giving specific details and examples to clearly explain yourself. Each body paragraph should be at least 5 sentences.
In the
conclusion
, you should restate your thesis and plan of development. Make sure to use different wording than in your introduction. You will close with a kicker.
Section 1: Writing
The ELA PSSA is split into 4 sections. The first section is Writing and the second, third, and fourth sections are Reading.
Sections 2, 3, and 4: Reading

You will read a total of 4 passages. The selections could be fiction, non-fiction, or poetry. As you read, make sure to actively engage with the text by making notes and highlighting. You should also identify unknown words by using context clues and reread any difficult sections. You ARE allowed to write in the test booklet.
Things to remember for TDA's:
Pull meaning from the text to support your response
Use quotes and evidence from the story
Make sure you have an effective introduction and conclusion
Keep the events of the story in order
Refer to the main ideas and details from the text
Include transitions
For the
selected-response questions
, there are two parts. In Part 1, you must answer a multiple-choice question about the text, and there will only be one correct answer. For Part 2, you will choose line(s) from the text that support your answer from Part 1. The question will tell you whether there is one or two correct answers for Part 2. *If there are two correct answers, you will bubble both of them in on the same line.
You are not required to write a separate rough draft and final copy. Your first draft can be done in your PSSA answer booklet. You can then revise/edit this draft, making it into your final copy.
If you choose to, however, you may do a rough draft on lined paper, revise/edit it, and then copy your final draft into the PSSA answer booklet.
Text-Dependent Analysis
TDA Scoring
Your TDA's will each receive a score of 4, 3, 2, or 1 based on your overall
focus, content, organization, style, and conventions
Sections 2,3, and 4: Reading
Don't forget standard test-taking tips like...
get a good night's sleep
eat a good breakfast
listen to, read, and follow all directions
ask questions if you do not understand the directions
be careful when marking your answers in your answer booklet so you do not skip spaces or fill in the wrong sections
make sure to completely fill in the bubble for the answer you select and erase completely any answers you change
keep your eyes on your own test
try to answer each item
check that you have completed all the test items before you close your test booklet
Work hard and make sure to follow all of these tips and suggestions, and you will bring home the gold for AAJHS!
Let's practice some passage-based Reading questions.
Read the following poem about the first humans to land on the moon.
First Men on the Moon
by J. Patrick Lewis
July 20, 1969
That afternoon in mid-July,
Two pilgrims watched from distant space
The Moon ballooning in the sky,
They rose to meet it face-to-face.

Their spidery spaceship
Eagle
dropped
Down gently on the lunar sand.
And when the module's engines stopped,
Cold silence fell across the land.

The first man down the ladder, Neil,
Spoke words that we remember now -
"Small step for man..." It made us feel
As if we too were there somehow.

Then Neil planted the flag and Buzz
Collected lunar rocks and dust.
They hopped like kangaroos because
Of gravity. Or wanderlust.

A quarter million miles away,
One small blue planet watched in awe.
And no one who was there that day
Will soon forget the Moon they saw.
Read the line from the poem.
"The Moon ballooning in the sky,"
What does the metaphor in the line suggest?

A. The Moon appears to grow in size
B. The Moon appears to move swiftly
C. The Moon is brightly colored
D. The Moon has a perfect shape
Read the line from the poem.
"They rose to meet it face-to-face."
What is the meaning of the line?

A. They were able to climb up onto the surface of the Moon from the spaceship
B. There were many people traveling together to the Moon
C. They were close enough to see the surface of the Moon from the spaceship
D. There were people waiting to meet them on the Moon
The meaning of the Latin root "luna" helps the readers know that the word "lunar" refers to

A. the Moon
B. space
C. planets
D. the Earth
This question has two parts. Answer Part One and then answer Part Two.

Part One
Which theme is
best
supported by the speaker's description of the first landing on the Moon?

A. Teamwork makes difficult tasks possible
B. Travel can be dangerous but also rewarding
C. Scientific discovery is not valued enough
D. Adventure brings about excitement and wonder

Part Two
Which line from the poem
best
supports the answer in Part One? Choose
one
answer.

A. "A quarter million miles away,"
B. "They hopped like kangaroos..."
C. "Then Neil planted the flag..."
D. "One small blue planet watched in awe."
CODE OF CONDUCT FOR TEST TAKERS

DO...
Listen to, read, and follow all directions given
Ask questions if you do not understand the directions
Read each question carefully, especially mulitiple-choice items that ask for the "best answer." Also, be sure to read any open-ended items and writing prompts carefully before responding
Be careful when marking your answers so that you do not skip spaces or fill in the wrong sections
Make sure to completely filly in the bubble for the answer you select and erase completely any answers you change
Keep your eyes on your own test
Try to answer each test item
Check that youhave completed all of the test items in the test section before closing your test booklet
Report any suspected cheating to your teacher or principal
DO NOT...
Bring notes with you to the test
Bring any electronic devices other than an approved calculator
Share a calculator with others
Use the bubbles in the answer booklet to either eliminate possible incorrect answers or possible correct answers. Mark only the bubble for the one correct answer you have chosen
Talk with others about questions on the test during or after the test
Take notes about the test to share with others
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