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Akash M.

on 27 May 2013

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Transcript of Norway

- Harald Fairhair
- He was a viking seafarer
- Became the first King of Norway in 872 AD after the Battle of Hafrsfjord
- He had unified Norway
- Ruled from 872 AD - approx. 930 AD By: Akash M. The Kalmar Union Union with Denmark Union with Sweden Political and Social Reforms - Was formed at Kalmar, Sweden in June 1397
- It unified Denmark, Norway and Sweden and placed them under the rule of a single monarch
- Queen Margaret's grandnephew became the ruler of the 3 Scandinavian countries as and she became Queen Regent
- Once Sweden rebelled in 1523, the Kalmar Union had ended - Norway tried to break free from Denmark but had failed
- Norway and Denmark established another union in 1524
- Norway and Denmark prospered from the shipment and trading of natural resources
- In 1536, Norway was integrated into the Danish kingdom, but lost it had lost The Council of the Realm
- Around 1660, Norway had been restored as a kingdom through the introduction of absolutism.
- Norway and Denmark sided with the French during the Napoleonic Wars.
- Norway remained in the union with Denmark until 1814 - The Danish Kingdom was forced to give Norway to Sweden because of The Treaty of Kiel in 1814.
- Through this union, Norway declared its independence from Denmark and had adopted a constitution.
- Christian Frederick was elected as the King of Norway on May, 17, 1814.
-May 17 is celebrated as Norwegian Constitution Day
-Many significant political and social changes and advancements occurred in Norway between the years 1850-1960.

- 1854: Women had the right to inherit/own property
- 1884: The parliamentary system was established
- 1898: All men were granted universal suffrage
- 1913: Universal suffrage established (including women)
- 1956: Religious freedom was formalized Norway - Was founded in 800 AD
- Known for its Viking History
- Located in Northern Europe, west of Sweden
- Capital City: Oslo
- Population of 4,953,000 people
- Official Languages: Nynorsk Norwegian,
& Bokmal Norwegian
- Area: 323,802 sq km
- Type of Government:
Unitary Constitutional Monarchy General Information The First King of Norway Political History of Norway Constitution Independence - Norway gained its independence from Sweden on June 7, 1905.
- PM Christian Michelsen, played a significant role
- Norway gained its independence through the use of a national referendum which confirmed the people's preference for a monarchy over a republic.
- After gaining independence, parliament elected Haakon VII. Norway Now -Norway is a Unitary Constitutional Monarchy
-It has both a King and Prime Minister
-The PM and King have very different duties Current King of Norway Name: Harald V
Reign: Jan, 17,1991 - Present

- The King mainly has symbolic and ceremonial power
- The King is the High Protector of the Church of Norway (the State Church)
- The King is the Grand Master of The Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
- The King is the Supreme Commander of the Norwegian armed forces
-The King's son, Haakon Magnus, is the crown prince of Norway Current Prime Minister Name: Jens Stoltenberg
Political Party: Norwegian Labour Party
Assumed office: Oct, 17, 2005

- The PM is the Head of His Majesty's Government
- The PM has few statutory powers
- The PM can control both the legislature and the executive (the cabinet) Political Parties of Norway Norwegian Labour Party Progress Party Conservative Party Socialist Left Party Centre Party - Seats in Parliament : 64
- Leader: Jens Stoltenberg
- Ideology: Social Democracy - Seats in Parliament : 41
- Leader: Siv Jensen
- Ideology: Conservative Liberalism, Right-Wing Populism - Seats in Parliament : 30
- Leader: Erna Solberg
- Ideology: Liberal Conservatism - Seats in Parliament : 11
- Leader: Audun Lysbakken
- Ideology: Democratic Socialism - Seats in Parliament : 11
- Leader: Liv Signe Navarsete
- Ideology: Centrism, Agrarianism, Liberalism Current Issues - Terrorism
- Immigration Let's Play a Game jeopardylabs.com/play/norway13 Norway and the European Union - Norway rejected to join the EU in 1972 after a referendum

- Norway rejected to join the EU in 1994 as well
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