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POLS 306 - 20 April 2010


Kelly Wurtz

on 30 May 2010

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Transcript of POLS 306 - 20 April 2010

The State International Organizations Non-State Actors Mobile capital Non-Governmental Organizations Multinational Corporations National/Separatist
Movements Failed States
to the State Anarchy Terms Governance Globalization Principal-Agent
Relationship Sovereignty Public Goods Historical Contemporary Future? Contact Info Class Info Assignments email: kelly.wurtz@trincoll.edu office hours: T/Th 11:30-1:00, by Appt. office location: Downes 203 Phone: (860) 297-2545 ex. 5346 Terrorist
Networks Norms Weekly reading quizes (20%) Paper #1 (Due February 25th, 20%) Paper #2 (due April 8th, 20%) Take Home Final (due May 13th, 30%) Room MCEC - 220 Tues./Thurs. 1:30-2:45 International
Monetary Fund WTO United Nations World Bank NATO European Union Domestic Politics Political Institutions Interest Groups Criminal Networks Afghanistan Haiti Yemen State Building Delegation Accountability Why? The Euro European Court of Justice European Parliament Subsidiarity Common Foreign
and Security Policy Empire City-States Feudalism Hierarchy ? Questions Decentralization Has globalization threatened the
supremacy of the Nation-State? Why do governments delegate authority to
international organizations? Are governments being forced to
converge their policies? Does globalization threaten the welfare state? Does globalization require new
forms of governance? What explains the variation in anarchy
and hierarchy in the international system? What explains the location of governance
across different issue areas? Do international institutions violate
democratic norms? vs. Hierarchy Attendence and Participation (10%) A set of authority relationships Does not require a government Most societal groups have governance relationships Universities Fraternaties Nation-States Organized Crime Corporations Dimensions Centralization or dispersal Democratic accountability Convergence or divergence with others Externality Causes Consequences What does it mean? Is it new? Is it inevitable? Collective Action Graphics Source: IMF Market failure Prisoners' Dilemma Global Public Goods Global Security Global Economic Stability Knowledge Global Environmental Protection Humanitarian Assistance Global Health Characteristics Non-Excludable Non-Rival (Problem) Functionalism Transaction costs Preferences Distributional Consequences Bargaining Bias outcome Territoriality Economies of Scale Coordination Problem What is it? De facto vs. de jure Relation to the nation state Lacked Hierarchy Not territorially exclusive Based on personal ties/obligations Not territorial based Universilist claim City Leagues "Quasi" states Evolution? How did the nation state become the
central unit in international relations? What are the organizational alternatives to
the nation state? Why is recognition important? Multi-level governance Type I Type II Trade-offs? Similar to federalism Shared power by a small number of
governments at different levels Eg? Stability? Exclusivity of Membership at each level Task-specific Intersecting memberships Spans different levels Flexible Eg.? Variation Selection Free Riding Which is better? Type 1
1 - More Stable
2 -Less complicated, less room for corruption
3 -Fewer coordination probs
4 - broader/more capacity
5 -
6 Type 2
1 - More focused/ deeper knowledge
2 - Specialization = more efficient
3 - More unifying
6 Property rights Control Rights Use Rights Residual Rights Contracts Complete Incomplete Self-Enforcing Alliance Empire Governance Cost Opportunism Protectorate Informal Empire Spot-Market
Transaction Vertically Integrated
Firm Hold Up Threat Managerial Costs Long-Term Contracts Strategic Alliance "Theory of the Firm" Vertical Integration Monitor Enforcement Decrease Transaction Costs NAFTA EU CAFTA Mercoseur Andean Pact EFTA ASEAN APEC Multilateral GATT Global Non-Discriminatory Dispute Settlement Mechanism orld rade rganization orth merican ree rade agreement eneral greement ariffs rade Regional Vs.? or Delegation Have increasing financial flows
increased demands for international
regulation of capital? Historical Background Classical Gold Standard Bretton Woods Era Post-1973 era of floating
exchange rates Capital account liberalization instability and crises ?? International Financial Architecture Financial Stability Forum Bank for International Settlements (BIS) Principal Agent delegation Principal Principal Principal agency
slack Agent monitoring costs Principal Agent Agent Agent Multiple Principals Multiple Agents divergent
preferences Accountability
Statist model
IO model
Transnational Actors
Policy Networks Types:
Market Does globalization threaten the global environment? How do states create global public goods? State Community Market Co-Management Public-Private
Partnerships Private-Social
Partnerships (carbon sequestation,
ecotourism) concessionary agreements
logging, mining community-based
resource management Hybrid
Regimes Global Public Goods Assurance Game Coordination Game Chicken Game Collective Action
Problems Prisoners' Dilemma Pollution as Global
"Public Bad" Nash Equilibrium Social Optimum Global Warming Ozone Depletion Acid Rain Montreal Protocol Kyoto Protocol Race to the Bottom Has authority shifted away from
the public sphere into the realm
of private authority? (Private Sphere) What makes authority
legitimate? legitimacy Mobile Capital Are network forms of
organization a threat to
the Nation-State? Networks Characteristics Examples Distributed
Reciprocal relations

Terrorist networks
Regional economies (Silicon Valley)
Early Catholic Church
Linux/Open-Source computing
Criminal Networks
Human Rights NGOs Know-How Speed Trust Can we quantify (measure) the quality
of governance? What characteristics make for good
governance at the national level? State Capacity What are the connections between
"state capacity" and challenges to the
authority of the state? Money Laundering How do challenges of governance in failed states compare
to challenges of governance at the international level? What strategies exist to deal with failed states?
(i.e., how can we create governance where it does not currently exist?) What are they? Causes? Consequences? Solutions? Neo-Imperialism/
Neo-Trusteeship? And how does it relate
to globalization? Poverty Conflict (internal
or external) Corruption Loss of government monopoly on
legit use of force (Weberian def of the state) Weak or non-existant capability
to respond to citizen needs/public goods Lack of credible body for external relations
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