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World War II
Transcript of World War II
Lloyd George(England), Orlando(Italy), Clemenceau(France), Woodrow Wilson(United States)
Wilson wanted the treaty to follow his 14 points, which he believed would lead to world peace
Georges Clemenceau wanted revenge, while Lloyd George agreed with Wilson
Germany was expecting the treaty to be something like the 14 points Hitler:
Served in WWI and after the war he was a spy in political organizations
He got sent to spy on a political party called the German Workers' Party later changed its name to National Socialist German Workers' Party(NSDAP)
By July of 1921 he was the leader of the NSDAP
Nov. of 1921 had 3,000 followers with a special group of strong-arm members known as storm troopers and a personal body guard(Schutzstaffel[SS]) http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW2/causes.htm
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/holocaust.htm Main focus was on the hate of Jews, wanted all Jewish people to be exterminated
Nov. 1923 Hitler attempted a coup against the gov't but was unsuccessful and was thrown in jail
While in jail he wrote the "Nazi bible" Mein Kampf, which contained all the Nazi ideals
After getting out of jail Hitler focused on taking political power instead of military power 8=============D--- in 1929 stock market crashes
in 1930 votes for the Nazi party dramatically increased
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected
Jan. 30, 1933 Hitler elected Chancellor
Feb. 27, 1933 Reichstag burns April 1, 1933: Nazi boycott Jewish businesses
June, 1933: Dachau concentration camp opened
July 25, 1934: Nazis murder the chancellor of Austria
August 19, 1934: Hitler becomes Fuhrer of Germany
Sept. 15, 1935: Jews stripped of all rights by Nuremburg Race Laws
August 1, 1936: Nov. 5, 1937: Hitler outlines his plans to start a war against Europe at the Hossbach Conference
Sept. 30, 1938: the British Prime Minister appeases Hitler at Munich
Oct. 15, 1938: Hitler seizes the Sudetenland
Nov. 9, 1938: Kristallnacht
March 15, 1939: Germany takes Czechoslovakia
Sept. 1, 1939: Germany invades Poland
Sept. 3, 1939: Britain, France, Australia, and New Zealand declare war on Germany
Sept. 17, 1939: Soviets invade Poland
Oct. 1939: Nazis begin euthanizing the sick and disabled June 14, 1940: Germans enter Paris
July 1, 1940: U-boats attack cargo ships in the Atlantic
August, 1940: German attacks Britain through the air Main Points of the Treaty of Versailles;
Germany should take the blame for starting the war
Germany has to pay 6,600 million in reparations
Germany was allowed to have a small army with only 6 naval ships
land was taken away from Germany and they were forbidden to have a union with Austria Lend-Lease Act(1941-1945)
allowed the president to give his allies supplies for defense
kept the U.S. neutral
Over 50% of the aid the U.S. sent went to Great Britain
the type of aid sent was materials such as tanks, vehicles, ammunition, food rations, etc.
even after the U.S. entered the war they still gave aid to their allies
at the end of the war the U.S. set up payment plans for all the countries they gave aid to, for instance Britain just paid off their debt in 2006 Pearl Harbor(Dec. 8, 1941)
started at 7:49a.m.
the Japanese navy destroyed most of America's Pacific fleet
immediately after the attacks were finished the repairs began
by Feb. 1942, 10 ships and a dry dock were repaired
the USS Utah and the USS Arizona still remain in Pearl Harbor as memorials Jews fleeing Germany in 1933 only about 1% of the german population was jewish
by 1939 nearly 300,000 Jews had fled their home country of Germany
when the Nazis came to power they limited all of German Jews rights to force them to leave the country
Many European and even the United States limited their immigration quotas
in the years before the war jewish children had to travel without their parents and some would never see their parents again Japans Expansion Japan used their naval power in the Pacific to quickly take over many groups of islands
they took over parts of China, Indochina, and the Philippines The Holocaust first concentration camp opens in Dachau, Germany in 1933
many of the first prisoners were communists
all the camps were run by Heinrich Himmler the head of the SS
the Nazis held rallies where they burned Jewish and communists books along with saying untrue facts about Jews Nuremberg Race Laws Article 1. A) German pure-blood citizens and those deemed citizens by the Reich Minister of the interior and the Deputy of the Fuehrer
B) These two people also have the right to revoke citizenship
Article 2. A) Provisions of article 1 apply to those of mixed jewish blood
B) An individual who is a mixed Jew is considered to have 1 or 2 grandparents who are full blood jews Article 3. Only citizens of the Reich can vote and hold political offices
Article 4. A) A Jew cannot be a citizen
B) All Jewish gov't officials will be retired as of Dec. 31, 1935. If they served in the front during WWI they will be given a pension.
C) These laws do not effect religious affairs.
D) Teachers in Jewish schools will not be effected until the promulgation of new laws on the Jewish school system. Article 5. A) A Jew is someone who has 3 or 4 grandparents who are full blood Jews.
B) A Jew is also someone descended from 2 full blooded Jews.
member of jewish religion before or after law was enacted
was married to a Jew before or after the law was enacted
a child from the marriage of Jewish peoples
a child from a non-married Jewish couple
Article 6. Any other blood requirements not mentioned remained untouched.
Article 7. The Fuehrer and Chancellor reserve the right to pardon anyone from these laws. The Holocaust was the systematic murder of European Jews, gypsies, the mentally handicapped, and others
After the Nazi's invaded Russia, they began murdering people who saw them as liberators
Himmler was concerned that by having the SS soldiers kill innocent civilians that they may have been demoralized
1942 a conference was made to kill Jews in extermination camps by gas chambers and ovens
Famous death camps include Auschwitz-Birkenau, Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka Political Non-working Nationals Non-working Germans Homosexuals Jehovah's witness Emigrant Criminal Basic colors Repeat offenders Punishment squad Jews Jews who violated racial laws Aryans who violated racial laws Poles Czechs Inmate fleeing suspect Those who ran the camps ran them like a factory focusing on "production"
Each camp was expected to have a profit
They shaved peoples heads, took gold teeth, and their personal clothes 1942: America gets first big naval victory in the Pacific
1943: Germany suffers first defeat at Stalingrad, Italy surrenders
1944: Soviets gain momentum on the Eastern front, D-Day
1945: Auschwitz liberated, Germany surrenders May 7, Wilson replaces Roosevelt, August 14 Japan surrenders D-Day Air Battles in the Pacific was originally planned for June 5, 1944
deployed a fake army in England to confuse the Germans
they even had fake radio transmissions Big Three in Yalta Was a meeting of the three Allied powers, they talked about plans after the war including the punishment for war crimes Germany Surrenders May 2, 1945 Hitler Commits Suicide May 1, 1945 Hiroshima The U.S. drops the first atomic bomb, killing 75,000 instantly and injuring over 100,000
August 6, 1945 Nagasaki August 9, 1945
Second atomic bomb dropped The End of the War Peace treaty signed on U.S.S. Missouri,
Emperor Hirohito remains in power
September 2, 1945