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Eating Disorders

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Jenna LoDebole

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of Eating Disorders

Anorexia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa
Binge Eating Disorder
Three types of eating disorders
Eating Disorders
Anorexia
Most common eating disorder, four to six times more common than Anorexia
A lot of food is eaten quickly in one sitting, then followed by some form of purging.
The average bulimic binges 11.7 times a week, although some do it more often than that.
While the normal person eats about 38.4 calories per minute, a bulimic averages 81.5 calories per minute.
A typical binge consumes 3,415 calories- the equivalent of 6 Big Macs
Bulimia
The most common eating disorder in US
3.5 percent of women and 2 percent of men
1.6 percent of adolescents
Women: most common in early adulthood
Men: most common in midlife

Binge Eating
What is eating Psychology?
Anorexia:
0.25 to 1 percent of middle school and high school girls suffer from Anorexia
Bulimia:
1 to 3 percent of middle- and high-school girls
1 to 4 percent of college women
1 to 2 percent in community samples
Atypical Eating Disorders (fad diets, overeating):
3 to 6 percent among middle-school girls
2 to 13 percent among high-school girls

Prevalence of Eating Disorders
Citations
Eating disorder that causes people to lose more weight than what is healthy for their height and age
Often begins during pre-teen and young adulthood
It's seen in males but is more common with females
White woman who are goal-oriented are the most common cases
Majority of people with anorexia deny that they have an eating disorder

Causes
Being more worried about, or paying more attention to, weight and shape
Anxiety disorders as a child
Negative self-image
Eating problems during infancy or early childhood
Believing social or cultural ideas about health and beauty
Trying to be perfect or overly focused on rules

Symptoms
Fear of gaining weight and being fat
Refuses to keep weight at what is considered healthy
Refuses to admit the dangers of weight loss
Distorted body image
Cutting food into small pieces and moving them around the plate
Refusing to eat in front of people
Excessive exercising
Using pills to make themselves urinate,have a bowel movement,or decrease their appetite
Going to the bathroom after meals
Blotchy or yellow skin that is dry and fine hair
Confused or slow thinking, along with poor memory or judgment
Depression
Extreme sensitivity to cold (wearing several layers of clothing to stay warm)
Loss of bone strength
Wasting away of muscle and loss of body fat

People often seek treatment when their condition is serious. The goal of treatment is to restore both a normal body weight and eating habits. One to three pounds per week is considered a safe goal for weight gain.
Increasing social activity
Reducing the amount of physical activity
Using schedules for eating
Talk therapy:
Goal of therapy: change patients' thoughts/behavior to encourage them to eat in healthier way. More useful for treating younger patients who have not had anorexia for a long time.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, group therapy, and family therapy
If patient is young: therapy may involve the whole family. family is seen as part of the solution, instead of the cause of the eating disorder.
Support groups: patients and families meet and share what they have been through.

Treatment
Causes
Low self esteem: see losing weight as a way of gaining self-worth
Depression: use binging as a way of coping with unhappiness, but purging does not relieve this depression and the cycle continues
Stress: ay develop the condition after dealing with a traumatic experience, such as a death or divorce, or during the course of important life-changing events, such as getting married or leaving home
Warning Signs
Obsessive dieting followed by binge eating
Over concern with body size, shape and weight
Rapid fluctuation in weight
Overeating associated with stress and or anxiety
Trips to the bathroom right after eating
excessive exercise particular before or after eating
Disappearance of large quantities of food
Swollen glands beneath the jaw
Use of laxatives, diuretics and or diet pills
Treatment
Most common treatment: Psychotherapy
Focus is to address the underlying emotional and cognitive issues that result in the disordered eating.
Therapist encourages the patient to take the lead in facilitating change.
Therapist’s role is to keep the patient aware of the time frame of treatment and focus on the problem areas and encourage change for the patient

Inability to stop eating or control what you’re eating
Eating large amounts of food
Eating even when you're full
Hiding food to eat later in secret
Feeling stress or tension that is only relieved by eating
Embarrassment over how much you’re eating
Never feeling satisfied, no matter how much you eat
Feeling guilty, disgusted, or depressed after overeating
Desperation to control weight and eating habits

Symptoms

Cognitive-behavioral therapy
Interpersonal psychotherapy
Dialectical behavior therapy

Result from a combination of psychological, biological, and environmental factors.
Nearly half of all people with binge eating disorder have a history of depression
Anger, sadness, boredom, anxiety, or other negative emotions can trigger an episode of binge eating
By: Jenna LoDebole, Marisa Monick and Julia Fama
Treatment
Causes

“Anorexia Mirror Picture Ross Brown.” Style Frizz. N.p., 17 Feb. 2010. Web. 21 Sept. 2014. <http://stylefrizz.com/201002/anorexia-what-they-really-see-in-the-mirror/>.
“Binge Eating Cycle.” Fashionsunrise. N.p., 2013. Web. 21 Sept. 2014. <http://fashionsunrise.com/binge-eating-inforation/binge-eating-cycle/>.
Forman, Evan, ed. “Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Bulimia Nervosa.” Society of Clinical Psychology. Ed. Evan Forman. America Psychology Association, n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2014.
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NHS Choices. Department of Health, n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2014. <http://www.nhs.uk/Pages/HomePage.aspx>.
Orr, Tamra. When the Mirror Lies: Anorexia, Bulimia, and Other Eating Disorders. Danbury: Franklin Watts, 2007. Print.
Piran, Niva, Michael P. Levine, and Catherine Steiner-Adair, eds. Preventing Eating Disorders; A Handbook of Interventions and Special Challenges. Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel, 1999. Print.
Rayfield, Gina E., ed. American Psychological Association. APA, n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2014.
Rogge, Timothy, and David Zieve. “Anorexia Nervosa.” Medlineplus. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 8 Sept. 2014. Web. 21 Sept. 2014. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000362.htm>.
“25 Percent of People with Eating Disorders Are Male.” Mamamia. N.p., 5 Sept. 2012. Web. 21 Sept. 2014. <http://www.mamamia.com.au/news/anorexia-ans-the-boy-who-loved-apples/>.
What Is Eating Psychology? | Eating Disorders. By Allegra Broft. Prod. Howcast. Youtube. N.p., 9 Nov. 2012. Web. 21 Sept. 2014. <
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