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Guatemala culture project
Transcript of Guatemala culture project
Guatemalan Quetzal and Centavos
GDP: $50.81 billion (2012)
Per capita: $3,368.49 (2012)
Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish) and European 59.4%
Other Mayan 8.6%
Indigenous Non-Mayan 0.2%
Population growth rate: 1.948%
Birth Rate: 26.48 births/1,000 population
Death Rate: 4.92 deaths/1,000 population
Male: 69.29 years
Female: 73.14 years
Constitutional democratic republic.
Presidential representative democratic republic
President: Otto Pérez Molina
The Nation's Pride
The nation prides themselves on being friendly and very giving people, many think it to be one of the most caring nations in the world.
Guatemala's Nation Anthem
Guatemala's folklore is based on Amerindian cultural beliefs as well as Spanish traditions. According to Quiché legend, for example, the first four humans were made of a corn paste into which the Heart of Heaven breathed life.
To assure good growing weather before spring planting, seeds are blessed at a special planting. The night before the planting, the men burn incense in the fields and sprinkle the ground with a brew made from fermented sugarcane. The women pray at home before lighted candles. In the morning the women go to the fields with food for the sowers and place their candles at points representing the four winds.
The shaman, or Mayan priest, is a man or woman who is able to bargain with the unknown forces that govern human destiny. Shamans are believed to be able to predict the future and cast spells. He or she is also a healer, curandero, who practices herbal medicine.
The Amerindians of Central America believe that every person has an animal counterpart called the nagual who shares his or her destiny.
Particular places serve as shrines for various gods. The people of Alta Verapaz, for example, are careful to leave kindling beside a hot spring for the god who boils the water. In return, it is hoped, the god will not cause fever by heating their blood.
Guatemala has become an increasingly popular tourist destination, with much to see and a rich cultural heritage. Guatemala's many Mayan ruins and colonial buildings are its most impressive architectural attributes. One of the most intriguing cultural aspects is the infinite and exotic variety of the handmade, traditional clothing of Guatemala's Maya population. The design of the women's colorfully embroidered tunics, capes and skirts dates back to precolonial days. Certain details of garment and design identify the wearer's group and village, and can also have multiple religious or magical meanings.
Indigenous Mayan Beliefs
Guatemala family structure is of two distinct types the first is the nuclear family and the other is the extended family.
46% of all Guatemalan women are married by age 18.
Guatemala has the third highest adolescent birthrate in Central America—every year,
there are 114 births for every 1,000 girls aged 15–19.
Guatemala has the lowest divorce rate in the world with .12 divorces per 1000 people.
Cohabitation in Guatemala is extremely low its 1.3 for every thousand
Once the site of the impressive ancient Mayan civilization, Guatemala was conquered by Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado in 1524 and became a republic in 1839 after the United Provinces of Central America collapsed. From 1898 to 1920, dictator Manuel Estrada Cabrera ran the country, and from 1931 to 1944, Gen. Jorge Ubico Castaneda served as strongman.
Traditional folk dance
The tale of La Llorona is oral tradition found across many countries.
Is one of the most popular Hispanic ghost story.
Another ghoul story, this one about an evil goblin/man who seeks out young ladies and hunts them.
Vice president: Roxana Baldetti