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The Outsider by Albert Camus
Transcript of The Outsider by Albert Camus
Outsider. THEMES ALBERT CAMUS Often used dualisms: happiness and sadness, dark and light, life and death, etc.
He wanted to emphasize that happiness is short-lived and that the human condition is one of mortality.
His views contributed to the rise of the philosophy of absurdism. Albert Camus became stronglyinfluenced by Plotinus and Saint Augustine of Hippo. Camus considered himself an atheist, he later came to the idea that the absence of religious belief can relitively be paralleled by a longingfor "salvation and meaning". ABSURDISM: The belief that human beings exist in a purposeless, chaotic universe. .Human Existence. ::Major events::
- The death of Meursault's mom
- Meeting Marie (when he told her that his mom passed away the previous day he didn't show any emotion)
- Meeting Raymond and Salamando
- When he helps raymond he does it cause he has nothing else to do
- When the mistress is getting beat up by Raymond and everyone is listening. Raymond is in the wrong (shouldn't be beating her) and Mersault just stands there.
- When he shoots the arab
- He gets sent to prison and talks to a lawyer (shows that he doesn't regret his actions or show guilt)
- When he's in prison (because of all the alone time he is able to spent some quality time to himself and to understand himself and the way he is) ::LONELINESS:: Marie Cardona feels lonely; she turns to Meursault for comfort.
She seeks attention and affection to cover the loneliness.
Salamano feels lonely when the dog runs away or gets "lost".
When Meursault lost his mom he showed absolutely no emotion. All he thought about was the weather and how Thomas should hurry up and walk faster. In absurdist philosophy, human life has no redeeming meaning or purpose.
At the end of the novel, Meursault comes to his own realization that human life doesn't amount to much.
You are born, you live and then you die.
Because of that belief, his conclusion is that it doesn't matter whether he dies of execution or natural death.
He believes life is meaningless because everyone is going to die anyways.
He feels no remorse/regret.
Because of his lack of remorse the judge gives him the death penalty.
His lack of remorse is against the morals of society, thus making him an outcast or as we call it an "outsider" DECAY Salamano loves his decaying, scab-covered dog and he values its companionship, even though most people find it disgusting.
There is deterioration of relationships and understandings. (decay of the relationship between Raymond and his mistress. DEATH Meursault doesn't show much emotion in response to his mother’s death.
The society in which he lives believes that he should be distraught with grief.
Where Meursault is at ease believing that PHYSICAL DEATH represents the complete and final end of life, the chaplain would rather stick to the idea of an afterlife. ~SYMBOL~ The crucifix that the examining magistrate waves at Meursault symbolizes Christianity. Christianity stands in hostility to the absurdist world view. Absurdism is based on the idea that human life is irrational and purposeless. Christianity is formulated of a rational order for the universe based on God’s creation and direction of the world, and it invests human life with higher metaphysical meaning. METAPHYSICAL: "After" or "beyond" the physical. Straniero, Lo (The Stranger) an Italian movie directed by Luchino Visconti and starring Marcello Mastroianni as Arthur Meursault. This movie is based on Albert Camus' Nobel Prize winning masterpiece The Stranger. Video features the opening scene of the movie. BY:
- Paul Catao
- Ashley Ma
- Stefanie Paysan CHARACTERS Marie Cardona Raymond Meursault Doesn't judge
Doesn't believe in God or Christianity
Has a love for nature.
Like Christ, he is a figure who dies for those who had misunderstood him. Marie is interested in Meursault because of his indifference. He's a PIMP
At first it seems that he's using Meursault to get back at his cheating mistress. Arab Maman Meursault had thought that his mother had felt the same
about his views on the world.
Close to the end of her life, she began to accept that the world was meaningless and started to live her life fully.
She isn't introduced as a living character but as a presence throughout the story.
She sets society's negative image of Meursaults personality. Similar to Maman, the Arab's "presence" is strongly felt.
We don't know much about the Arab which makes him mysterious.