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Transcript of Transgender:
denoting or relating to a person whose self-identity does not conform unambiguously to conventional notions of male or female gender.
Advocacy for Transgenders
Views in Society
Voice -> Coping
20% of transgender youth report bullying in school
Many become self-hating and depressed because of the social strain to be"normal" and identify their sex based on their genitals.
Social Anxiety Disorder: intense fear of presenting oneself to others. One fears humiliation in from of other individuals.( causes many restrictions to occur in one's life.)
Gender is a role.
Gender identity - an individuals inner sense of gender identity; regardless of their assigned gender at birth
Gender expression - a masculine or feminine physical mannerisms or style expressed
American Psychiatric Association (APA) lists those who are transsexual and transvestites, as having a "mental disorder"
APA also states that transgenders should receive professional help for this disorder
Homosexual groups, Human Rights Campaign (HRC) are fighting to have the classifications moved from DSM
DSM- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
Hollywood and the media in general are trying to "normalize" this "mental illness"
Psychiatrists and pediatricians are pushing to teach kids from a young age to be free to chose their own gender
"No one can change their sex"- Its in the DNA
Source: "The Transgender Rights Movement Is Harmful to Society"
Pressure to have an external appearance and body which are consistent with the internal identity (sex reassignment surgery)
Want to be seen for who they actually are (want to be interacted with just like any other person)
Personal need for self-identification and wholeness (being comfortable in the own body)
The concept of transitioning (may not mean surgery, but gender change from the original birth gender)
Transgender Voices: Beyond Women and Men
Voice changes with puberty
The difference between mens voice and womens voice is at least a full octave
Many get discouraged because their voice "gives them away"
Coping strategies such as alcohol, medication, therapy, cross-dressing, writing, fantasy, drugs, isolation
Voices are silenced, but beginning to be heard
Source: Transgender Voices: Beyond Women and Men
What Is A Woman?
Students must register under the gender and the name on their birth certificate
- A students school ID is to reflect an individuals gender identity.
Students are addressed by staff according to their gender identity
Bathroom and locker room guidelines
Students are not required to use a bathroom or locker room that conflicts with their gender identity
Alternative arrangement should be provided in a way that protects the student’s ability to keep his or her transgender status confidential.
Source: New York State Department of Education
Transgender students have equal opportunities as other students.
Participation (by transgender students) in competitive athletic activities and contact sports will be resolved on a case by case basis.
Source: New York State Department of Education
Source: "Employment, Mental Health, Internalized Stigma, and Coping with Transphobia Among Transgender Individuals"
Earliest accounts of transgenderism surfaced in ancient Greece and Rome
In 1885, all homosexual behavior, including transgenderism was considered illegal
"Sexology" developed in response to these laws as a way to cure trans individuals.
First reconstructive surgeries performed in 1930's
A violent San Francisco riot marks the beginning of the transgender movement in 1966
Transgender Day of Remembrance first observed in November of 1999
It is now widely accepted that the only successful treatment for transsexual people is hormone therapy and surgical reassignment
Evolution of the Word
Originating in 1910, by German Sexologist, Magnus Hirschfeld, "transvestite" was the first term used to describe what we now know as transgenderism.
"Transexual" was originated in 1949.
"Transgender", the term most commsed today, was not coined until 1971.
Although these terms are the most common, there are other terms used in different cultures dating back long before any of these were first used.
Source: Wenzel, Ryan. "A Transgender History." The Advocate. N.p., 18 Dec. 2007. Web.
- Student's making fun of other students using offensive terms such as...
Source: "Fact Sheet: Transgender & Gender Nonconfirming Youth in School"
Transgender advocacy has come a long way since it first surfaced, with many groups and orginizations working together to help facillitate a movement towards a stronger trans movement.
Trans Advocacy Network
National Center for Transgender Equality
National Transgender Advocacy Coalition
Girshick, Lori B. Transgender Voices: Beyond Women and Men. Hanover: U of New England, 2008. Print.
Mizock, Lauren, and Kim T. Mueser. "Employment, Mental Health, Internalized Stigma, and Coping With Transphobia Among Transgender Individuals." (n.d.): n. pag. Rpt. in Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
Wenzel, Ryan. "A Transgender History." The Advocate. N.p., 18 Dec. 2007. Web.
Traditional Values Coalition. "The Transgender Rights Movement Is Harmful to Society." Transgender People. Ed. Roman Espejo. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2011. At Issue. Rpt. from "A Gender Identity Disorder Goes Mainstream." 2010. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 29 Oct. 2014
"Fact Sheet: Transgender & Gender Nonconfirming Youth in School"
Routinely asked what gender pronoun they would prefer: "ze", "ou", "hir", "they, "it"
Transgender Student Guidelines. (n.d.). http://Schools.nyc.gov.RulesPolicies/TransgenderStudentGuidelines/default.htm