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Students with Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

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Dana Gathers

on 5 June 2015

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Transcript of Students with Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

How can we effectively support students with ADHD in the
classroom context?

Professor Gathers
EDU 511 SYS: Foundations of Special Education
In 1902, British physician George Still provided the "first formal description" of ADHD which included "children's unexplained misbehavior and impulsivity to an unknown medical condition".
Early twentieth century, focused on the study of
(excessive movement)
In the 1970's, focus shifted to
cognitive impulsivity

(difficulties focusing)
Cognitive Impulsivity research led to exploring the brain's role in ADHD
What is Attention Deficit
Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
Definition of ADHD
ADHD is a
psychiatric disorder
with symptoms occurring before the age of 7

ADHD Diagnoses

ADHD-predominantly inattentive type:
inattention is the primary symptom

ADHD-predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type:
combination of hyperactivity and impulsivity are the primary symptoms

ADHD-combined type:
both inattention and hyperactivity are part of the disorder
neurobiological developmental disorder
chronic & long term
NOT situational
students are more likely to have
production deficit
rather than an
acquisition deficit
one of the most commonly diagnosed childhood psychiatric disorders
3-7% of children have been diagnosed with ADHD
2:1 or 3:1, ratio of boys to girls diagnosed with ADHD
Research suggests that girls demonstrate "lower levels" of symptoms therefore girls are not identified as often
Causes of ADHD
(Physiological and Environmental Factors)
Key Elements of ADHD
Next Class Session
Full transcript