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Japanese Daily Life
Transcript of Japanese Daily Life
School Life, Family Life, and Daily Life
A typical Japanese house is measured in the size of tatami mats.
Japanese Education System vs. American Education System
•The new year starts in April.
•In American schools, individuality is often respected, Japanese schools tend to control the individual by observing group rules.
•Education is valued and pushed on students.
- Tatami is a rush-covered straw mat forming a traditional Japanese floor covering, which is said to have a calming scent and is also soundproof.
•A student usually stays in 1 room for the whole day while the teachers rotate rooms.
•American schools use more technology than Japanese schools.
Japanese homes have a genkan, which is a raised entryway where people take off their shoes before entering the house, to avoid bringing in dirt.
- The standard tatami size differs depending on the area; for example, it is 180 cm by 90 cm in the Tokyo region and 191 cm by 95.5 cm in western Japan.
An Average School Day
•A normal school day is around 6 hours.
•School starts at around 8:30.
A Japanese high school is typically more than one story
Japanese apartments are called "Apaato", which are made of wood, or light steel. It is usually, at max, two stories high. The walls are thin enough to be able to hear your neighbor.
•After school, students participate in soji, which is the cleaning of the school.
•After school is over, students go to their clubs.
•During lunch, kyuushoku is provided.
Another type of Japanese apartments are called Mansions, which, in contrast to the Apaato, are sturdier, more expensive with multiple floors (at least more than three), elevators, and a security gate.
- These apartments are rented.
Clubs are divided into 2 groups:
- These are usually purchased, but some are available for rent due to vacancies.
Most apartments come with at least a kitchen, living room, and a dining room, as well as a bathroom, a toilet room, and a genkan.
Flooring include the traditional tatami mats, the more modern and preferred wooden flooring, cushioned flooring made of plastic, and carpet.
A quick look inside a Japanese apartment.
*Clubs are an important part of
senpai and kohai relationships. It
is the responsibility of the senpai
to teach and take care of the kohai. In clubs, it is the kohai's duty to serve and help their senpai.
The calligraphy club is just one of many clubs to join.
By Maggie Recinos and Natalie Ma
A Japanese neighborhood park - a place where both the children and the parents are able to bond together socially.
Showers are usually in a separate room from the toilet. Sinks may also have their own room.
Kitchens tend to have gas or induction stoves, electric rice cookers, electric water boilers, and are often equipped with a convection microwave instead of an oven.
Dryers are not common in Japan; instead, most people hang their clothes outside to dry.
Because there is such a limited amount of space to live in in Japan - 30% available land -, in 2003, it has been recorded that less than half of the population own a home.
- In fact, in the same year, an estimated 25,296 people were homeless.
The average size of an owned residence is 121.7 square meters (1310 square feet).
- 91.0 square meters (980 square feet) in urban areas
- 178.4 square meters (1920 square meters) in rural areas
Neighborhoods in Japan are a form of bonding between families and creating good social relations.
In some cases, families may have been neighbors for generations, therefore they will assist each other during times of need.
There is also a concern for face in the neighborhood. Because of that, people would constantly participate in public projects, such as sanitation, health, volunteer firefighting, disaster preparations, crime prevention, sharing information, and recreational activities.
Uchi-soto are relationships within a group of people, commonly seen in neighborhoods. The "Uchi" group consists of those that you are closest to, such as family and friends, whereas the "Soto" group are people you are less familiar with. Depending on which group you're in, different forms of respect and speech are used.
- Neighbors become uchi in the way that they take care of one another.
Addresses in Japan are formulated in this way:
3. Location within Municipality
5.City Block /Land Number
6. House Number
*The largest unit to the smallest unit.*
What is Juku?
*Juku is a program that takes place after school, 60% of students attend to take supplemental classes.
Juku may offer lessons in non-academic subjects such as art, swimming, and calligraphy although the most common classes for students to take are academic subjects in preparation for entrance exams.
Students studying in Juku classes.
Most students enjoy juku because the teachers are interesting and lively compared to their regular school teachers.
•If a student doesn't go to any clubs, he or she might go to juku. Students rarely go straight home.
Different Types of Apartments:
Juku can also b used as an intellectual challenge for those bored with the regular curriculum.
•Every year, in spring or autumn students take part in sports day.
Elementary students play a ball game on sports day.
•There are 2 basic types of events: individual and group.
Neighborhoods and Addresses
•An example of individual would be running, a group
event could be a relay.
•Some schools have non-competitive events such as traditional Japanese dance.
The addressee's name comes last, and alongside the address, a postal code will also be listed, based on location.
[Hokkaido only], or
[Osaka and Kyoto only])
•Every school has a summer and winter version on a uniform.
•Not all public schools require a uniform, only schools owned by the government and private schools do.
•Various schools are known for their particular uniforms.
[Tokyo wards], or
[district] followed by
•Many students modify the uniforms by removing the ribbons, shortening the length of the skirts, and hiding badges/pins under the collar to show individualism.
Different winter and summer uniforms.
[wards] divided into
chou, ouaza, aza,
#4-6: Can be written in a string of three numbers, in choume-ban-go order.
Tōkyō-to Chūō-ku Yaesu 1-Chōme 5-ban 3-gō
Tōkyō Chūō Yūbin-kyoku
Using the precise and deductive format of Japanese addresses, people are able to find one another throughout the country.
In 2006, about 57 million people own cars in Japan.
Cars undergo an inspection called "shaken" every two to three years. They aren't free; in fact, they cost between 100,000 and 200,000 yen, and alongside that, there is a weight tax (8,000 to 50,000 yen) and mandatory insurance (about 30,000 yen).
Because apartments usually don't come with parking spaces, residents must purchase parking spaces which can cost up to 30,000 yen monthly.
There are two different classes of cars that receive different taxes and regulations. Keisha cars (yellow license plates) are smaller, cheaper, and easier to own because they follow the strict size, weight and power restrictions, whereas regular cars with white license plates are the opposite.
Traditionally, the roles of the parents differed depending on gender:
College student Takuya explains the process for entering college in Japan.
The divorce rate has been increasing slowly throughout the years. It is currently around 27%, meaning 1 out of every 4 marriages result in a divorce.
Although same-sex marriage isn't legal in Japan domestically, citizens are able to have same-sex marriages overseas where it is legal.
On average, there are about an estimated 2.84% single-parent households in Japan.
Student Suicide Rate
-Mothers would raise children, supervise their education, engage in housework, manage the household budget, and maintaining social relations.
To enter college in Japan:
-Fathers would provide the family's monthly income, many working late and spending little time with family.
•You must be 18 years of age.
•You must pass the college entrance exam.
•You must complete 12 years of school curriculum.
Signs To Look Out For:
Stop Signs ("tomare")
Police Box - a small police station
(Note the golden star - the police badge)
Coin Lockers - to store your possessions for the day; are emptied out daily
24-Hour Convenience Stores
•University entrance is based largely on the scores that students achieved in
Japanese Culture VS. American Culture
•Students take 2 exams, a test that is nationally administered and an exam from the college they hope to attend.
•Students who do not pass the test spend a whole year studying for the next exam, these students are called ronin.
•Japan is ranked 2nd for the highest suicide rate in the Group of 8.
Japanese culture is heavily defined by the ideas of family and tradition. Roles are decided upon based on tradition.
Respecting each other is also critical, including manner of speech, tone, and body language. Even punctuality is important, such as the airing of TV shows and the arrival of trains and subways.
Japan has many environmentally-friendly mechanisms throughout the country, including very organized recycling, energy conservation and cleanliness of the streets and surroundings.
The most prestigious school in Japan
Japan's suicide rate in comparison with other countries.
Family isn't as big of an influence on American society - family members' roles are decided upon their abilities rather than a traditional definition.
Americans are more casual in their mannerisms, and are able to freely communicate with one another.
The Aokigahava Forest
•The Aokigahara forest is also known as the Sea of Trees.
Cleanliness is not something respected by everyone - litter is incredibly common in America. As well as that, energy conservation and environmental awareness aren't put into motion readily by many.
•It is 14 square miles of dense forest on the base of Mt. Fuji.
•The site's popularity has been attributed to the 1960 novel called "Tower of Waves" by Seicho Matsumoto.
•Because of the amount of suicides a year (242 in 2011), the area is cleared out annually.
Items like these are commonly found near bodies.
Crime in Japan
•Crime in Japan is almost non-existant, any if any crime is committed there is often confession.
•If you leave your phone or wallet in a taxi, it will not be stolen. You can call the taxi driver and he will drive your items right to you, no hassle.
•Almost every lost item WILL be returned, whether it is personally or by mail.
Why is the crime rate so low?
•Not wanting to bring shame into a particular group (family, school, and business) play a big role in the low crime rate.
I lost my phone, now what?
Japan has the lowest crime rate in all of the first world countries.
What should I know about living in Japan?
1) Although Japan is known for its amazing innovations, the technology in your work place can be extremely low tech.
2)There are no heaters in homes.
3) Individuality is often restricted.
4)As a foreigner you will always stick out.
5) Manners are incredibly important.
•Japanese couple tend to show their love and appreciation for each other in a way that does not include PDA.
•American's tend to throw the phrase 'I love you' around freely. Japanese couples will say only say 'I like you' until they feel it is truly okay to say 'I love you'.
*It has been noted that the Japanese lifestyle is much more desired due to its hardworking, clean, and respectful ideals, and well as its ability to always stay environmentally friendly.*