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Gestational Diabetes

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by

Madeleine Turnbull

on 16 March 2014

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Transcript of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
Definition/Description
• Develops during pregnancy
• Involves high blood glucose
levels.

Signs & Symptoms
Risk Factors
• Older maternal age
• Indigenous status
• Ethnic background
• Family history
• Overweight or obesity
• Vitamin D deficiency

Statistics for Australian Women
• The incidence of gestational diabetes is increasing.
• The risk of gestational diabetes increases with age.
• Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are at a higher risk.
• Women born overseas are also at greater risk.
Management/ Treatment during Pregnancy
By Emily, Madeleine & Tricia
Diabetes Mellitus
Gestational Diabetes
Pathophysiology
Process
Pregnancy
Needs of Foetus
(nutritional)
Needs of Foetus
(nutrition)
Placental Hormones
Insulin Resistance
Normal
Gestational Diabetes
Screening Tests
Glucose Challenge Test
http://www.wellsphere.com/healthy-living-article/gestational-diabetes-test-take-one/1454356

Baby after Birth
Microsomia
Low Blood Glucose
Type 2 Diabetes
Mother: Long-Term Prognosis
Things to consider:
Diabetes Mellitus
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Future Pregnancies
Medication may be required
Each match stick or bead represents 15 cases of gestational diabetes a year
Activity
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
References
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2008. Births, Australia. Cat no. 3301.
ABS and AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2008. Health and welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Cat. no. 4704.0.
Australian Diabetes Council. (2011). Gestational Diabetes [Fact Sheet]. Talking Diabetes No. 16.
Australian Diabetes Council. (2013). ‘What Your Numbers Mean’ Retrieved from http://www.australiandiabetescouncil.com/living-with-diabetes/what-your-numbers-mean
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2008. Diabetes: Australian facts 2008. Diabetes series no. 8. Cat. no. CVD 40. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW: Templeton M & Pieris-Caldwell I 2008. Gestational diabetes mellitus in Australia, 2005–06. Diabetes series no. 10. Cat. no. CVD 44. Canberra: AIHW.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2010). Diabetes in pregnancy: its impact on Australian women and their babies. Diabetes series no. 14. Cat. no. CVD52. Canberra: AIHW
Alzaim, M., & Wood, R. (2013). Vitamin D and gestational diabetes mellitus. Nutrition Reviews, 71(3), 158-167. doi:10.1111/nure.12018
Better Health Channel. (2013). Diabetes- Gestational [Fact sheet]. Victoria: State Government of Victoria.
Better Health, 2013, Gestational Diabetes, Diabetes Australia Victoria, viewed 8 September 2013, <http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Gestational_diabetes>
Ferrara A 2007. Increasing prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus: A public health perspective. Diabetes Care 30(S2):S141–S146.
Jonathan, P.J., & McIntyre, H.D. (2010). Drugs for gestational diabetes. Australian Prescribe, 33(5), 141-144. Retrieved from http://www.australianprescriber.com/magazine/33/5/141/4
Klossner, N.J., & Hatfield, N. (2006). Introductory Maternity and Pediatric Nursing. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Martini, F.H., Nath, J.L. & Bartholomew, E.F. (2012). Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology (9th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson
NDSS. (2010). Gestational Diabetes: Caring for yourself and your baby [fact sheet]. Webb, J. (2013). Diagnosis and treatment of gestational diabetes. Nurse Prescribing, 11(1), 14.

Answer the following true and false questions in table groups.
The first group to finish and have all the answers correct wins a prize at the end.
http://www.inhabitots.com/healthy-eating-during-pregnancy-3-helpful-books/
http://www.babymed.com/pregnancy-news/real-time-continuous-glucose-monitoring-pregnant-women
http://hollywoodlife.com/2011/10/16/pregnant-women-marathons/
http://bronzeagebabies.blogspot.com.au/2013/07/true-or-false-jim-shooters-policies-as.html
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Microsoft Clipart
Microsoft Clipart
Microsoft Clipart
Microsoft Clipart
Full transcript