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Chapter 11 Section 1: Southern Europe: Physical Geography
Transcript of Chapter 11 Section 1: Southern Europe: Physical Geography
Southern Europe: Physical Geography Objectives:
1. Identify the major landforms and rivers of
2. Identify the major climate types and resources of this region. Portugal Spain Italy Greece Mediterranean Sea I. Physical Features II. Climate and Resources - Southern Europe is also known as Mediterranean Europe because most of its countries are on the sea’s shores. - The Mediterranean was considered the center of the Western world, since it was surrounded by Europe, Africa, and Asia. -The Strait of Gibraltar links the Mediterranean to the Atlantic Ocean. A. The Land -Southern Europe is made up of 3 peninsulas. -Portugal and Spain occupy one, Italy occupies another, and Greece is located on a third peninsula. -The Cantabrian and the Pyrenees Mountains form the plateau’s northern edge of Spain and Portugal. -Italy’s peninsula includes the southern Apls. -A lower mountain range, the Apennines, runs like a spine down the country’s back. -Greece’s mainland (country’s main landmass) extends into the Aegean Sea. -Greece is mountainous and includes more than 2,000 islands, the largest island is Crete. -On all 3 peninsulas, coastal lowlands and river valleys provide excellent areas for growing crops and building cities. B. The Rivers -Spain's Ebro River drains into the Mediterranean. -The Douro, Tagus, and Guadalquivir Rivers flow to the Atlantic Ocean. -The Po is Italy’s largest river, it creates a fertile agriculture region in northern Italy. -Much of southern Europe has a warm and sunny climate and most rainfalls during the mild winter. -Rainfall sometimes causes floods and mudslides due to erosion from overgrazing and deforestation. -A hot, dry wind from North Africa called a sirocco picks up some moisture over the Mediterranean Sea. -The Po valley is humid. -Northern Italy’s Alps have a highland climate. -Northern Spain is cool and humid. -Southern Europeans have looked to the sea for trade. -The Atlantic Ocean supports Portugal’s fishing industry. - The Mediterranean suffers from pollution but
has a wealth of seafood. -Northern Spain has iron ore mines, Greece has bauxite, chromium, lead, and zinc, and Italy and Greece quarry marble. -Water also generates hydroelectricity throughout the region’s uplands. -The region’s sunny climate and natural beauty attracts tourists. -Millions of people explore castles, museums, and other cultural sites. -Spain’s beaches help make the country one of Europe’s top destinations. Strait of Gibraltar Crete Aegean Sea Atlantic