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Transcript of Don Quixote
Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright
Spanish referred as "la lengua de Cervantes" (the language of Cervantes)
Born near Madrid, moving from town to town
Left for Italy, introduced to Renaissance art, architecture, and poetry
In 1570, Cervantes enlisted as a soldier stationed in Naples
In 1571, fought in the Battle of Lepanto, losing his left arm in the process
Cervantes was captured by Algerian corsairs in 1575
Spent five years as a slave
Ransomed by his family and returned home
Married and settled down in Spain Other Major Works Part 1 Plot "Don Quixote is to the Spanish language what Shakespeare is to English, Dante to Italian, and Goethe to German: the glory of that particular vernacular."
"Though it stands for ever as the birth of the novel out of the prose romance, and is still the best of all novels, I find its sadness augments each time I reread it, and does make it 'the Spanish Bible', as Miguel de Unamuno termed this greatest of all narratives."
"The physical and mental torments suffered by Don Quixote and Sancho Panza had been central to Cervantes's endless struggle to stay alive and free." Critics First modern narrative
National work of Spain
Unique fame/Quixotic Los tratos de Argel (1580)
La Galatea (1585)
Don Quixote Part I (1605)
Novelas Ejemplares (1613)
Viaje del Parnaso (1614)
Don Quixote Part II ( 1615)
Persiles and Segismunda (1616) Genre Picaresque novel
Farce Alonso Quijano, a hidalgo, begins to mix reality and fiction
Sets out to revive chivalry under the name of Don Quixote, fighting for Dulcinea del Toboso, and riding his trusty horse Rocinante
Leaves one morning and ends up at an inn, believing it to be a castle
Returns home with a neighbor
Sets out again with his neighbor Sancho Panza and begins the series of famous adventures
Windmills = fearsome giants, a flock of sheep = a great army, etc.
The mind of Don Quixote creates scenarios that turn anything and everything into chivalric quest Bloom Plot (continued) Priest and barber bring Don Quixote home
The end... or is it? Part 2 Spain has become familiar with Don Quixote and his squire
The characters are aware of Part One as well as a fraudulent Part Two
The adventures of Don Quixote and Sancho Panza continue
Set out to find Don Quixote's beloved Dulcinea
Meet a Duke and Duchess who use Don Quixote and Sancho as entertainment Plot (continued) Knight of the White Moon defeats Don Quixote
Falls ill when he returns home
Bedridden for six days, on the seventh day he regains his senses
Dies after writing his will for his niece, housekeeper, and Sancho Ivan Turgenev "It seems to me that in these two types are embodied two opposite fundamental peculiarities of man's nature—the two ends of the axis about which it turns."
"...every one of us resembles either Don Quixote or Hamlet."
"What does Don Quixote represent? Faith, in the first place; faith in something eternal, immutable; faith in the truth, in short, existing outside of the individual, which cannot easily be attained by him, but which is attainable only by constant devotion and the power of self-abnegation."
"Now what does Hamlet represent? Analysis, first of all, and egotism, and therefore incredulity." Nabokov “Reality and illusion are interwoven in the pattern of life.”
"The result is a fertile hybrid, a new species, the European novel." W.H. Auden "Heroes are conventionally divided into three classes, the epic hero, the tragic hero, and the comic hero. Don Quixote is none of these."