Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Laugier

No description
by

on 4 March 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Laugier

reign of Louis XV
Marc-Antoine Laugier
abbé Marc-Antoine Laugier (1713-1769)
Map of late eignteenth-century France
Essai Sur l'Architecture - Essay on Architecture
french abbé
1713
1727
1744
1749
1753
1754
1769
1768
1765
1759
1755
died in Paris
completed 12th volume of Historie
published Observations sur l’Architecture
published first volume of Historie de la République de Venise
published the second edition of the Essai sur l’Architecture
left the order and moved to Paris
english edition of the Essai sur l’Architecture was published
sermon before the King Louis XV
moved to Paris to take final vows
joined to Noviciate of the Jesuits in Avignon
born in Monasque
References
invited to preach before the King; send back to Lyons
published Essai sur l’Architecture anonymously
the Primitive Hut -
la petite cabane rustique
Laugier, Marc-Antoine.
Essai sur l'Architecture
. Paris: 1753.
Laugier, Marc-Antoine.
An Essay on Architecture
. London: 1755.
Hermann, Wolfgang.
Laugier and Eighteenth Century French Theory
. London: 1962.


Perrault, Claude.
Ordonnance For the Five Kinds of Columns After the Method of the Ancients
, Santa Monica: 1993
Braham, Allan,
The Architecture of the French Enlightenment.
1989 - online resource
Thompson, Ian .
The Sun King's Garden
. New York-Bloomsbury: 2006
Baridon, Michael .
A History of the Gardens of Versailles
. Philadelphia: 2008
Fox, Helen M.
André Le Nôtre Garden Architect to Kings
. London: 1962

"The little rustic cabin
I have just described, is the model upon which all the magnifiences of architecture have been imagined, it is in coming near in the execution of the simplicity of this first model, that we avoid all essential defects, that we lay hold on true perfection."
by
Charles Eisen (1720-1778)
by
Samuel Wale (?-1768)
architectural theorist, editor, art and music critic, historian, politician,
homme de lettres

son of a bourgeois father and a noble mother
"Exposition au Salon du Louvre en 1787" Pietro Antonio Martini

youtube.com/watch?v=bnu2GB7w4Qs
Maison Carrée, Nimes
COLUMN
ENTABLATURE
PEDIMENT
Columns;
should be exactly perpendicular
ought to be detached
should be round
should have its diminution from the bottom to the top
should bear immediately upon the pavement

Defects of columns;
instead of detaching the columns, holding them engaged in the wall
round pillars to employ square plasters
instead of the ordinary diminution of the columns to give them a swelling about the third of the height of their shank
in the room of making the columns rest immediately upon the pavement, to hoist them upon pedestals

Entablatures;
should rest upon the columns in plat-band
their length ought not to form any angle or recess

Defects of entablatures;
instead of giving the entablature the true form of a floor only supported it by great arches
entablature is not in a right line, without angles nor recess

Pediments;
cannot be upon the breadth of the building
ought always to be placed above the entablature

Defects of pediments;
to make pediment upon the length of the building
to make pediments which are not triangular
to place pediments one above another

the Orders
(Perrault, 1993: 95)
Doric
Dorique
Ionic
Ionique
Corinthian
Corinthien
Three parts that all the Orders have in common:
(as stated by Laugier)
Columns have:

Base
de la base
Shaft
de la tige
Capital
du chapiteau
Entablatures have:

Architrave
en architrave
Frize
frise
Cornish
corniche
Two sorts of mouldings:

Square and Round
(Laugier, 1755: 69-72)
heaviest, solid
lightest, delicate
Art of Building and Classical Triad
Solidity
Solidité
Commodity
Commodité
Deceny
Bienséance
the choice of materials
habitation, planning
decoration of the building
Laugier and church design
Town planning and Garden architecture
St Sulpice (Sulpicius)
1736 by Servandoni
St Sulpice
Châpelle Chateau de Lunéville
Ste Geneviéve (Panthéon)
Conclusion
Paris in 1739

oldmapsofparis.com/map/1736
(Laugier, 1755:15)
(Laugier, 1755: 16-26)
(Laugier, 1755:30)
(Laugier, 1755: 30)
(Laugier, 1755:36)
(Laugier, 1755: 36)
Paris:
"Our cities are always what they were, a heap of houses, heaped together confusedly, without economy, without design. No part of this disorder is more sensible, more shocking than in Paris."
(Laugier, 1755: 11-12)
Laugier, 1755: 235
"Beauty of a garden: making use of what is admirable in nature"
Garden of Blenheim Palace 1700s
Plan of Versailles gardens 1714 (Baridon, 2008: 245)
he was in the view of deviations on the road to perfection could be prevented by the guidance of new principles, firmly rooted in classical tradition
brought the idea of a
rustic
past
passed over Roman antiquity, Renaissance, Baroque and gave importance to Greek antiquity
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbé
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salon_(Paris)
Essai sur l'Architecture 1755
Essay on Architecture 1755
Penn State Libraries Pictures Collection
www.flickr.com/photos/40717756@N08/5833318000
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Premier_projet_du_Panthéon_Soufflot_(1756)
Hermann, 1962:1-11
Braham, 1989: 259
"He was the first to present the hut as a structure of vital importance for the present. His hut is not a curious illustration of a distant past or a factor of an evolutionary theory of architecture but the great principle from which it now becomes possible to deduce immutable laws"
(Herman, 1962: 48)
As stated by Wolfgang Hermann (1962):
Essai sur l'Architecture
. Paris: 1753.
Observations sur l'Architecture
. Paris: 1765
Historie de la République de Venise
. Paris: 1759-1768
Bibliography
Braham, 1989: 24
Braham, 1989: 18
André le Nôtre
(Thompson, 2006: 26)
(Fox, 1962: 85)
a Jesuit priest,
Laugier, 1755: 260
Essai sur l'Architecture
&
costume of the time of Louis XV. 1750
...end of Grand Siécle
Full transcript