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Beckett - Endgame
Transcript of Beckett - Endgame
Samuel Beckett Jeffrey Burke, Zalton Brooks, Ashley Griffin, & Josh Smith Beckett's Biography Born in Ireland on April 13, 1906
His father, William Beckett Jr., was a surveyor
His mother, Mary Roe, worked as a nurse until she married William
Born into a wealthy, Protestant family Considered a modernists and a post-modernist
"Theatre of the Absurd"
Attended school in Ireland for most of his life
Degrees in French and Italian
Worked as a teacher in Paris, and he eventually made it his permanent home Poetry debut = Whoroscope (1930)
Novel debut = Murphy (1938)
Other famous novels include: Molloy (1951),
Malone Dies (1951), The Unamable (1953), &
How It Is (1961)
Famous plays include: The Endgame (1957) &
Waiting for Godot (1952) His characters often have to create meaning for themselves
His plays are concerned with human suffering and survival and include themes of birth, death, human emotions, material obstacles, and unending consciousness Was influenced, and eventually became friends with, another Irish writer, James Joyce
He was 83 years old when he died in Paris, in 1989 Theatre of the Absurd Characters Hamm
Nagg Play Summary Interpretations Reaction to WWII
"Plays stressing the irrational or illogical aspects of life, usually to show that the modern life is pointless"
Meant to provoke thought and laughter
Use of dark humor
Has no start, middle, or end
Time and setting are ambiguous
The play begins as Clov enters the room and opens the blinds
Clov speaks saying its finish, nearly finished as he describes how he waits to pass away.
Hamm wakes and says me to play announcing his first move of the day because the story is in comparison with a game of chess. He also goes on saying that he's ready for the end.
Nagg and Nell have a long conversation thinking about the pass and talking about each other’s health.
Nell dies Hamm asks Clov to push him around the room as they continue their conversation about the weather.
Hamm tells Clov that he'll soon be like him blind and immobile. As their conversation goes on we learn Clov can’t sit, and they both agree that their tired of waking up doing the same thing every day.
•Hamm has a spill about his life and waiting for it to end. He also tells Clov he feels he's missed out on his life.
Clov decides to leave Hamm and Hamm asks for a few last words from his heart. In Clov's eyes this symbolizes true friendship.
Hamm has one last conversation with himself about his life and makes reference to the end then places his handkerchief over his face.
Open for reader's personal interpretation.
Endgame Refers to the end of a chess game when the outcome is already known.
Many people think is that Beckett’s end game represents the ending stages of life
One Interpretation of the stage is that it represents the shape of a skull.
The two windows representing the eyes, and the characters representing the brain and memory.
Of all things that are not understood about the meaning, one thing is certain, the play refers to being “finished” multiple times, which ultimately is death.
Throughout the play the “Pain killers” are referenced six times”
Some think this refers to the ultimate painkiller which is death.
Some think that the characters are trapped in a different reality
The connection to the outside world is open for the audience to interpret
Bertolt Brecht’s alienation concept
Get readers to distance themselves empatheticlly from the players in the game, and focus rather on game itself
Works Cited http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endgame_(play) http://www.sparknotes.com/drama/endgame/context.html http://www.enotes.com/endgame/themes Hatzenbeller, Jodi. Concordia College. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr 2010. <http:/www.cord.edu/faculty/steinwan/nv12_hatzenbeller.htm>