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Windshield Survey

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Valerie Howell

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Windshield Survey

Breast Cancer Awareness Week
Windshield Survey:
Diabetes in Texas

Valerie Howell, Azlin, Salabarria, Tnelda Sumter
Overview
Graphs/Data PERI Model
Affected Demographics Gov’t Role & Structure
Effect on Community Disease Expansion
Contributing Factors Gov’t Overlap
Treatment Health Objectives
Interventions Improvements
Effectiveness Social/Behavioral Effects
Resources Gaps
Overall Effects Anticipated Changes

Epidemiology Model
Obesity and Diabetes
Relationship studied in mice
Body Mass Index (BMI)
“thrifty genotype” hypothesis

Prevalence of Diabetes
Between the years 2003-2004, about 17.1% of Texans were diabetic. This is about 20.8 million locals.
In total, researchers argued that 7% of Americans are diabetic.
Furthermore, 25% of Black and Hispanic are more prone to diabetic than other communities.
Graphs & Data
October 19, 2013
Mark Miller, MPH
Effect on The Community
Overall Good Health Status
Diabetes Symptoms/Signs
Secondary Conditions
Cardiovascular Disease
Sedentary Lifestyles
Unemployment
Mortality Rates

Causes & Contributing Factors
Hyperglycemia - High Blood Sugar
Hypoglycemia - Low Blood Sugar
Poor Diet - Excessive Carb/Sugar Intake
Poor Exercise - Ingested sugars have not been metabolized and used for its intended purpose (energy)
Genetics - Hereditary disease



Rx Different Results
Insulin therapy Different Results
Lifestyle changes Healthy
Nutrition Proper Diet/Nutrition
Exercise Utilize stored sugars
Awareness Education
Cultural changes Food associations


Social and Behavioral Effect of Diabetes
Diabetics and persons close to them experience various challenges
Diabetics have to observe a strict diet which does not contain sugary food
Diabetics also have to avoid social gathering in which people are taking alcohol, soft drinks and other sugary foodstuffs in order to monitor their blood sugar level. This in return could lead to stigmatization.
Stakeholders should have mentorship and nursing programs to enable the patients recover fully. It is believed that if no urgent actions are taken to counter this problem, the future of Texans will be in jeopardy.

Treatment
Gaps in the Society that Encourage Diabetes and Ways of Managing the Situation
The main cause of increase in the rate of diabetes is lack of adequate knowledge on the cause and methods of controlling the disease.
Suggesting that patients should switch to unfamiliar testing methods is likely to cause frustration and confusion.

Health Objectives
Types of Intervention
Intervention Effectiveness
Opportunity for Change and Continued Improvement
The best way to manage diabetes would be educating Texans on diabetes
Schools should include topics on diabetes
The society should be educated on good eating habits that encourage healthy growth

Anticipated Changes in the Next Five Years
The American Diabetes Association should put up programs for Texans which would enable them provide full information and guidance on diabetes, methods of testing for it; provide free checkups and training for diabetics

Resources
The Importance of Those Changes
The changes would help the Texans and the whole of Americans to reduce the number of diabetics and cases of deaths caused by diabetes.
The program would also enable the patients to monitor their blood glucose level to prevent episodes of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.
This is vital because continuous monitoring of blood glucose is critical to enable diabetics track blood glucose levels, avoid serious complications and identify the best way to control the ailment.

Government Role
Gov’t Role
Global Setting
Q&A Time
References
Carey, R. M. (2009). Hypertension and hormone mechanisms. Totowa, NJ: Humana Publication.
Diabetes in Bell County. (2013). Retrieved from http://county-health.findthedata.org/q/2535/1682/What-percent-of-people-have-diabetes-in-Bell-County-Texas
Estaville, L. E., Egan, K., & Galaviz, A. A. (2012). Texas health atlas. College Station: Texas A&M University Publication.
Prevalence of Diabetes. (2010). Retrieved from Texas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), 2010. Center for Health Statistics, DSHS.
Texas., & Texas Diabetes Council. (2011). Medical nutrition algorithm: IFG/type 2 diabetes prevention & therapy. Austin, Tex.: TDH.

Resources
Gov't Structure & Info
Global Setting
Q & A Time!!
One Class Closer to Graduation!!!!
Gov't Role
References
Full transcript