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Suicide Clusters

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Annie Sampson

on 4 May 2015

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Transcript of Suicide Clusters

Example: five-case suicide cluster in a rural community in Western Canada, all as a result of stress or loss, "emphasizing the role of genetic psychophysiological tendency."
What are Copycat Suicides?
Suicide Clusters
What are Mass Clusters?
Suicides that cluster in time, without taking place into account. These are usually influenced by an occurrence in the media, and “happens as a result of publicizing a fictional or actual suicide" or death.
What is the Process of Emotional Contagion?
The tendency for two individuals to emotionally converge. This can be done through mimicry, synchronisation of one’s expressions, vocalisations, postures and movements of another person.
What is Suicide Contagion?
The process whereby one suicide or suicidal act within a school, community, or geographic area increases the likelihood that others will attempt or complete suicide.

General Suicide Clusters Within a Community
“...any cluster occurring in space and time in their data,”
What are Suicide Clusters?
A group of suicides or suicide attempts, or both, that happen closer together in time than would generally be expected.
Annie Sampson
Example: Suicides in inner boroughs of London versus outer boroughs -
(Poverty) triggers suicidal behaviour
Similar underlying social, economic, and cultural characteristics.
Specific Suicide Clusters Within a Community
Focuses closer on individual persons within the community.
Emulation of another suicide that the person attempting suicide knows about from either local knowledge or due to accounts or depictions of the original suicide on television and on other media.
Specific Suicide Cluster Investigations Within Different Institutions
Similar to the other groups, except this one focuses on suicide clusters in institutions. (Schools, hospitals, psychiatric units, etc.)
Preventing Suicide Clusters
Stop romanticising suicide and death in the media
Stop romanticising suicide and death in a community setting
Create a plan in the community on what to do when a suicide/suicide cluster takes place, to end it before it continues.
Rezaeian, Mohsen. "Suicide Clusters: Introducing a Novel Type of Categorization." Violence and Victims 27.1 (2012): 8. Springer Publishing Company. Web. 27 Apr. 2015. <http://search.proquest.com/docview/921332558?accountid=2124>.

Rezaeian, Mohsen. "Suicide Clusters: Introducing a Novel Type of Categorization." Violence and Victims 27.1 (2012): 8. Springer Publishing Company. Web. 27 Apr. 2015. <http://search.proquest.com/docview/921332558?accountid=2124>.

"Suicide Contagion." Park Dietz and Associates Forensic Experts. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.parkdietzassociates.com/wp-content/uploads/Suicide-Contagion.pdf>.

Cross, Charles. "Happens Every Day: The Suicide of Kurt Cobain." Seattle Weekly News 11 Mar. 2014. Sound Publishing Inc. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.seattleweekly.com/home/951542-129/happens-every-day-the-suicide-of>.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1988). Recommendations for a Community Plan for the Prevention and Containment of Suicide Clusters. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 37 (Suppl. 6), 1-12. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00001755.htm>.
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