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The Master of Music

Timeline of Beethoven's life and the journey of his hair

Rory Klingensmith

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of The Master of Music

2. In the year 1777, Ludwig Van Beethoven barely reached the age of seven when he performed for the first time on the piano. When he turned eight, he had already began piano, violin, and viola lessons. BEETHOVEN! "The Master of Music" 1770 Beethoven was born December 17th, 1770. 1780 It all began when... He barely reached seven years old when he played his first piano performance in 1777. 1777 1790 Beethoven became deputy to the court organist, Christian Gottlob Neefe in 1781. 1781 Beethoven started to study with Mozart around this time. In 1788, Beethoven petitioned the court to grant him half of his father's former salary to support his family. 1788 Beethoven's father was an alcoholic, so by this time, Beethoven had to take care of two younger brothers and himself without his father's help. 1792 In 1792, Beethoven left Bonn and returned to Vienna. Beethoven had to leave Bonn because the new French regime had declared war on Austria. 1800 1804 Beethoven renamed his Third Symphony from Bonaparte to Eroica in 1804 because Napolean Bonaparte declared himself emperor of France. Beethoven was at first going to name his piece "Bonaparte" to honor what Napoleon Bonaparte had described as an effort to shape a new kind of Europe. 1801 1802 In 1801, Beethoven confessed his deafness to a childhood friend, Franz Wegeler, in a letter. In 1802, Beethoven addressed a long, emotional letter that "was a plea for understanding of his dreadful hearing" (pg. 26 of The Mysteries of Beethoven's Hair) to his two brothers. DEATH 1810 1815 In 1815 Beethoven became guardian of Karl. Beethoven became guardian of Karl (Beethoven's nephew) because Beethoven's brother died. 1820 1824 1824 was the year of Beethoven's last performance, conducting his Seventh Symphony at Vienna's Kartnertor Theater. Then, the unexpected happened... Just kidding, it was obviously going to happen. 1827 1827, In Vienna, Ferdinand Hiller cut a lock of Beethoven's hair. 1828 In 1828, Hiller left Vienna to go to Paris along with the hair. In Paris, there were many people who loved composing music. He moved there to continue his musical training. 1830 1840 1850 Ferdinand Hiller and his wife, Antolka, moved to Cologne in 1850, to accept his position as Kapellmeister. A Kapellmeister is a director of music. 1860 1870 1880 In 1883, Ferdinand Hiller passed the lock of hair onto his son Paul for his thirtieth birthday. 1883 1890 1900 1910 Paul Hiller took the locket of hair to be repaired in 1911. Paul Hiller and the repairman wrote little notes on the bottom layer of the locket. 1911 1920 1930 Paul Hiller died from suffering a stroke...in 1934. BUT WHERE HAD THE HAIR GONE? 1934 1935 In Autumn, 1935 the Jewish people could no longer...
hold certain jobs
practice certain professions
property owned by Jews could be taken and given to others 1936 The official address book no longer showed any evidence of any member of the Hiller family in 1936. 1938 1938, Kristallnacht Kristallnacht means the Night of Broken Glass. This is the night when German mobs broke the windows of Jewish shops, burned synagogues, and attacked Jewish citizens in the streets of Cologne and throughout all of Germany. A synagogue is a church. On September 30th 1943, Rabbi Marcus Melchior made an announcement that he had "...received a warning that the Germans planned to raid Jewish homes throughout Copenhagen and that all Danish Jews would be arrested and transported to concentration camps." (~The Mysteries of Beethoven's Hair pg. 47.) 1943 On September 30th, before nightfall, a nationwide effort to rescue Denmark's Jews was underway. Messengers were sent from Copenhagen and smaller cities and towns to spread the word throughout the country. Lutheran ministers made urgent telephone pleas to their parishioners to shelter Jews. Others began to enlist the help of fishermen whose boats would ferry Jews to safety in Sweden. On October 6th, 1943, a small group of refugees were hiding at the village church. In October, the hair reappeared in the small fishing port of Gilleleje on the north coast of the Danish island of Sjælland. 1945 On May 5th 1945, people in Denmark who were listening to BBC on the radio in England heard that the German forces had finally surrendered. 1946 Michele de Rybel arrived in Gilleleje in 1946 and was adopted by Dr. Kay Fremming and his wife, Marta Fremming. 1955 1965 1969 In 1969, Dr. Kay Fremming died and gave the locket of hair to Michele. 1994 1975 1985 May 26 1994, Michele signed a contract allowing the London house to sell at an auction "one lock of hair (framed) from Beethoven. Given as a present to Paul Hiller whose father did the cutting of the hair 27 March 1827." (~The Mysteries of Beethoven's Hair pg. 62) 1995 But it's not over yet... Meanwhile... In December, 1995 the framed locket was opened in Arizona. BUT HOW DID THEY KNOW IT WAS BEETHOVENS HAIR? of March 26, 1827 Beethoven Throughout his entire life, Beethoven had composed... 9 Symphonies

32 Piano Sonatas

5 Piano Concertos

7 Piano Trios

16 String Quartets

Grosse Fuge

10 Violin Sonatas

1 Violin Concerto An Opera

A Concerto for Violin, Cello, Piano, and Orchestra in C Major

Bagatelle in A minor

Missa Soleminis

Anthem of Europe


Choral Fantasy

Diabelli Variations Coriolan Overture

Turkish March

The Creatures of Prometheus


Rondo a Capriccio

An Die Ferne Geliebete

Wellington's Victory Scientists located Beethoven's skull fragments owned by Paul Kaufmann. He agreed to allow the bone to be tested. During the summer, the DNA was tested on the hair in North Carolina. The scientists needed to know if the bone and hair were truly Beethoven's. 1999 In September 1999, Argonne National Laboratories completed a synchroton X-ray beam scan on the hair. The lead levels turned out to be 60 parts per million (ppm), which was 90 times greater than the normal hair (the control). 2005 In the summer of 2005, some DNA specialists from the Institute of Legal Medicine at Münster University tested the skull fragments in Germany. BIBLIOGRAPHY "French Revolution." simplewikipedia.org. Web. 6 November 2012.

-Date of when The French declared war on Austria
http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution "Provenance of the Guevara Lock of Beethoven's Hair." sjsu.edu. © Ira F. Brilliant Center for Beethoven Studies
San José State University. May 4, 2011.Web. 6 November 2012.

-Date of Paul Hiller's thirtieth birthday
http://www.sjsu.edu/beethoven/collections/beethoven_hair/hairhist.html Green, Aaron. "The Eroica Symphony - Beethoven." classicalmusic.about.com. Web. 6 November 2012.

-Date of when Beethoven renamed his Third Symphony Eroica
http://classicalmusic.about.com/od/symphonies/a/aaeroica.htm "Beethoven's hair, bought for $7300, contained a great deal of lead. But his skull did not, it seems." scienceguardian.com. Web. 6 November 2012.

-Beethovens Hair Image
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=note+on+back+of+beethoven%27s+hair&um=1&hl=en&biw=1567&bih=757&tbm=isch&tbnid=4i6sGGOqa8tHVM:&imgrefurl=http://www.scienceguardian.com/blog/beethoven-may-not-have-died-from-lead-poisoning.htm&docid=riX5hzf0aJAJxM&imgurl=http://www.scienceguardian.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/Beethoven-hair.jpg&w=260&h=388&ei=CguMUIagCuau0AGom4DADw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=991&vpy=111&dur=3664&hovh=274&hovw=184&tx=98&ty=183&sig=105523166359696700359&page=1&tbnh=142&tbnw=107&start=0&ndsp=32&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0,i:83 "questionmark." University at Buffalo School of Pharmacy and Phamaceutical Sciences. pharmacy.buffalo.edu. Web. 6 November 2012.

-Question Mark Image http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&client=firefox-a&hs=hUv&sa=X&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&biw=1200&bih=584&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=jbbfL8NJ6Vt5iM:&imgrefurl=http://pharmacy.buffalo.edu/pages/41/FAQs.html&docid=4qFZhQ5Jbw_bYM&imgurl=http://pharmacy.buffalo.edu/files/uploads/question-mark.jpg&w=1150&h=980&ei=AmCMUICbFaTU0gGp6oGIDw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=480&vpy=264&dur=1478&hovh=207&hovw=243&tx=116&ty=134&sig=116385176623083161956&page=3&tbnh=122&tbnw=137&start=44&ndsp=32&ved=1t:429,r:11,s:44,i:317
http://pharmacy.buffalo.edu/pages/41/FAQs.ht AND OF COURSE..... castout888. "Beethoven's 5th Symphony ." youtube.com. Mar 25, 2008. Web. 6 November 2012.

-Beethovens 9th Symphony Martin, Russell, and Nibley, Lydia. The Mysteries of Beethoven's Hair. MA: Charlesbridge Publishing Inc., 2009. Print. AND MANY MORE... BY RORY K. AND DANI C. MRS. CHORTANOFF
PD 8/9
HONORS ENGLISH "Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information." funtrivia.com. Web. 6 November 2012

-How many piano concertos did Beethoven compose?
http://www.funtrivia.com/en/Music/Beethoven-7904.html Greenberg, Professor Robert. "Beethoven's Piano Sonatas." San Francisco Performances. Web. 6 November 2012

-How many piano sonatas did Beethoven compose?
http://www.thegreatcourses.com/tgc/courses/course_detail.aspx?cid=7250 "Late String Quartets (Beethoven)." en.wikipedia.org. Web. 6 November 2012

-How many string quartets did Beethoven compose?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Late_String_Quartets_(Beethoven) "Beethoven and the Violin Sonata." beeri.org. Web. 6 November 2012.

-How many violin sonatas did Beethoven compose?
http://beeri.org/notes/beethoven-violin-sonatas.html "List of compositions by Ludwig van Beethoven." http://en.wikipedia.org. Web. 6 November 2012.

-How many piano trios did Beethoven compose? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_compositions_by_Ludwig_van_Beethoven "Beethoven's Concertos." all-about-beethoven.com. Ver. 5.0. 2006. Web. 6 November 2012

-How many violin concertos did Beethoven compose?
http://www.all-about-beethoven.com/concertos.html 1996 In May, Dr. William Walsh at the Health Research Institute put together a trace metal analysis and DNA testing using professional scientists as assistants for help on subjects involving their expertise. A drug analysis test was done by Dr. Werner Baumgartner at Psychemedics Coporation. There were no opiates in the hair. aaron8895, “Beethoven-Turkish March, Op. 113.” youtube.com. Mar 25, 2009. Web. 14 November 2012.

-Beethovens Turkish March

http:/ /www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IXLfPcgX1U&feature=fvwrel
gxgfree4rhyme ”Grosse Fuge, Ludwig van Beethoven part 1.” youtube.com. Jan 4, 2008. Web. 14 November 2012.

-Beethovens Grosse Fuge
http:/ /www.youtube.com/watch?v=wS4PaM5UEFc
tnsnamesoralong, “Beethoven: Choral Fantasia Op.80.” youtube.com. Aug 9, 2011. 14 November 2012.

-Beethovens Choral Fantasy
http:/ /www.youtube.com/watch?v=mN1R6T7m6NE Tg The DNA was matched, which means the hair and skull fragments had the same DNA. This told the scientists that the hair truly was the lengendary Beethoven's. Carlo, Laura. “Beethoven’s Birthday.” Wbgh.org. 14, Dec. Web. 15, Nov. 2012

-Beethoven Image
http://www.wgbh.org/articles/Beethovens-Birthday-1260 Montanari, John. “New England Public Radio.” Nepr.net. 16, Dec. 2011. Web. 15, Nov. 2012

-Beethoven Image
http://nepr.net/blog/roll-not-over-beethoven Becker, Jessica. "The Mysteries of Beethoven's Hair by Russel Martin & Lydia Nibley." Blogspot.com. 19 Oct. 2010. Web. 16 November 2012.

-Image of "The Mysteries of Beethoven's Hair" Book
http://jbeckerreadinglog.blogspot.com/2010/10/mysteries-of-beethovens-hair-by-russell.html Opiates are drugs that contain opium or its derivatives, using medicine for inducing sleep and relieving pain. (~Dictionary.com) But we couldn't have done it without...
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