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The Complaint Tradition and the Technological Divide
Transcript of The Complaint Tradition and the Technological Divide
and the Technological Divide Technology is
malign Technology is having
an effect on human evolution
-unsure of what effects Technology has a
beneficial effect on
humanity Let's vote!
a) Tech. is bad
c) Tech. is good! http://socrative.com Plato's Phaedrus Behaviouristic Phase
1970s-80s Communicative Phase
1980s-1990s Integrative Phase
21st century Warschauer and Healey (1998) Restricted CALL
approach Open CALL approach Integrated CALL
approach Bax (2003) History of CALL (Computer Assisted Language Learning) Immersive
Typically, less than 10% of words are abbreviated in text messages.
Abbreviating is not a new language; instead, it has been present for many decades.
Children and adults both use SMS language, the latter being more likely to do so.
Students do not habitually use abbreviations in their homework or examinations.
Sending text messages is not a cause of bad spelling because people need to know how to spell before they can send a text message.
Sending text messages improves people's literacy, as it provides more opportunity for people to engage with the language through reading and writing. This is especially useful for school-age children. David Crystal (2008) TOP TEN THINGS CHILDREN AGED 5 TO 13 CAN DO:
1 Work a DVD player - 67 per cent
2 Log onto the internet - 58 per cent
3 Play computer games on games console (wii, Xbox or similar) - 50 per cent
4 Make a phone call - 46 per cent
5 Use a handheld games console (Nintendo DSi, PSP or similar) - 45 per cent
6 Use an iPhone (or smartphone) - 42 per cent
7 Work Sky Plus - 41 per cent
8 Send a text message - 38 per cent
9 Search for clips on YouTube - 37 per cent
10 Use an iPad (or tablet computer) - 31 per cent TOP TEN THINGS CHILDREN AGED 5 TO 13 CAN'T DO:
1 Recognise three types of butterfly - 91 per cent
2 Repair a puncture - 87 per cent
3 Tie a reef knot - 83 per cent
4 Read a map - 81 per cent
5 Build a camp fire - 78 per cent / Put up a tent 78.5 per cent
6 Spot a blackbird, sparrow or robin - 71 per cent
7 Make papier maâcheé - 72 per cent
8 Make a cup of tea - 65 per cent
9 Build a den - 63 per cent
10 Climb a tree - 59 per cent Digital Natives
Receive information really fast
Prefer graphics before their text
Prefer random access (hypertext)
Function best when networked
Thrive on instant gratification and frequent reward
Prefer games to 'serious work'
Marc Prensky (2001) Texting-the facts 2b/-2b=? http://transl8it.com/ NoNNo Time to Think
David Levy No time to think
David Levy Vannevar Bush Creative problem solving
Calculated risk taking
Attention to detail
Effective collaboration What video games can teach
John Paul Gee (2003) The elements of instruction --- should be presented to the mind in childhood, but not with any compulsion.
Knowledge which is acquired under compulsion has no hold on the mind. Therefore do not use compulsion, but let early education be rather a sort of amusement; this will better enable you to find out the natural bent of the child.
(Plato, The Republic) Digital literacy:
Language Visual and
literacy Gaming Literacy Mobile
literacies Search literacy Tagging literacy Information literacy Filtering literacy Attention literacy Connection-based
literacies Personal literacy Network literacy Participatory
literacies Remix literacy Digital Literacies
Pegrum (2011) Language Information Connections (re-)design 'We are in the midst of a very real
revolution, and if institutional education
refuses to adapt to the landscape of the information age it will die and it should die.' Dan Brown: An open letter to educators school (n.1) "place of instruction," Old English scol, from Latin schola, from Greek skhole "school, lecture, discussion," also "leisure, spare time," originally "a holding back, a keeping clear," My students just
like they used to I can't get them
to_______ They have no
for _____ or
______ What is education? Texting literacy 'Don't limit a child to your own learning,
for he was born in another time.' Rabindranath Tagore Thank You