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Costa Rican Culture vs. American Culture

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precious baako

on 25 April 2016

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Transcript of Costa Rican Culture vs. American Culture

the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material objects that are passed from one generation to the next.
Costa Rica
Main Language is spanish and what is primarily spoken. English is fairly widely known especially places involved with tourism and businesses.
Some native languages are still spoken in indigenous reservations. The most numerically important are Bribri and Cabécar
Jamaican patois is normally spoken along the Caribbean coast by black Costa Ricans
Costa Rica Vs U.S
There are no religious or social norms when it comes to food. Costa Ricans eat almost everything. Most Costa Rican food incorporates important several staples of Latin American cuisine yet it differentiate itself by being healthier with the inclusion of an array of fruits and vegetables.
Typical Foods
United States
Food in the United States is more diverse, rich and frequent eating out is novelty.
Costa Rica
Traditional clothing are worn by people to show off to tourist or worn by indigenous people on holidays and special occasions

Material Culture
Clothing is an example of a material culture. Material culture refers to the objects or belongings of a group of people.
What is Culture?
Costa Rican Culture vs. American Culture
By: Precious Baako
language is a system of symbols that can be combined in an infinite number of ways and can represent not only objects but also abstract thought
United States
Languages spoken in the United States are more diverse.
English is the most common as well as Spanish which is the most widely taught foreign language in schools. Spanish is more prevalent in the southwest.
Chinese is very popular in California and New york and is the third most spoken language in the States.
Tagalog is the official language of the Philippines The majority of Filipino-Americans are found in the American west: Tagalog is the most spoken language after English in Hawaii and the third most spoken language (behind English and Spanish) in California and Nevada.
Women's traditional wear on special occasion is a dress with no sleeves and thick frilly ruffles sticking out. The skirts are a little bit more fancier and wrapped around the shirt to make a dress.
Men's traditional wear is very simple and elegant with a plain solid white top and long pants
Most of the times, Costa Ricans wear normal/ typical western clothing like shorts, t-shirts, pants.
Values are a culture's standard for discerning what is good and just in society.
Boys and girls still grade school wear school uniforms because they value that and consider it as proper for them.
Typical clothing
Working class
School Uniforms
In the United States, traditional clothing are not very common.
School uniforms are also not really valued except for private schools.
Due to the different seasons, the types of clothes people wear differ throughout the season but jeans and t-shirts are very common and typical.
Overall, people do not really care about what they wear since there are no obligations to what people should wear.
jeans are very common throughout.
Interesting fact: Unlike western countries, the main meal of the day for Costa Ricans is lunch, so that’s when the family gathers around the table, has a big meal, and has some conversation.
Typical food in Costa Rica
Typical snacks and drinks
Cultural Norms
typical breakfast called Gallo Pinto
typical lunch called Casados
coffee is a major drink in Costa Rica
Empanadas are very popular snacks
Norm-how to behave in accordance with what a society has defined as good, right, and important, and most members of the society adhere to them.
Food- rice and beans is essential in every Costa Rican meal which is unusual in the United States.
Clothing-men and women clothing are pretty similar. They wear more westernized attires which is also seen in United States.
Costa Rica
Costa Rica is located on the middle of the Central American isthmus, between Nicaragua and Panama. Costa Rica has disticnt wet and dry seasons since it is a tropical country. But, some areas are rainy for most of the year, while others can do the opposite.
Cultural Universals
Definition: these are patterns or traits that are globally common to all societies.
Food Habits
Costa Ricans eat a lot and at all times of the day. Though the typical food is rice and beans; which they eat for breakfast but fish is considered a luxury. Also fruits and vegetables are popular.
: English and Spanish primarily spoken in Costa Rica is very common in United States.
Costa Ricans enjoy American, Latin and British contemporary rock.
Cultural Diffusion
Definition:the spread of material and non-material culture from one culture to another.
Restaurants: McDonalds, Subway, Burger King, Smash Burger, Subway
Stores: walmart
Attitudes of people towards outsiders and how do they receive outsiders?
Are women treated differently than men?
Overall, Costa Ricans love to have visitors in the country because the economy is dependent on tourism which is a sign of economic activity going on. They are very laid back and friendly and treat visitors with respect.

Race is not a big issue as it is in the United States because in Costa Rica there is not so much variations in groups whereas in United States skin color is a diving factor.

Functionalist Theory
A functionalist will say that English widely is spoken in Costa Rica because it makes it easier for tourist to communicate with them.
Definition: society is a system of interconnected parts that work together in harmony to maintain a state of balance and social equilibrium.
A functionalist will say that Costa Ricans eat rice and beans due to the fact that is provides people with more nutrition.
A conflict theorist will say that typical families in Costa Rica eat rice and beans or have less food options due to limited resources. However in hotels or , Costa Ricans provide more variety in food options for tourist since the economy is more dependent on tourist as well as rich families who have the money to spend on food.
In hotels, there are more international and different local dishes provided for tourist rather than the typical rice and beans.
A functionalist theorist will say that schools in Costa Rica enforce school uniform because it functions as a control by helping to limit differences in students and incomes. Also it can serve as a way for students to dress appropriately and serve as a sense of identity.
A conflict theorist will say that Costa Ricans allow students to wear uniforms because it serves as a resource for low earning families.
Question: What languages are used by whom, where and for what purposes?
Question: What foods are typical and are there social obligations with regards to food?
Costa Rica is a patriarchal society just like the United States. Costa Rican women have mix modern roles and traditional ones. Back in the days, women's role was to stay home in order to take care of house chores and the children.The Costa Rican culture traditionally treated women as a weaker gender and limited them to certain roles and behaviors. They got paid less and did not have as much jobs. However, now they get treated like individuals rather than just fulfilling a stereotypical gender role. More and more women are on the workforce, getting educated, and becoming more than just a submissive house wife. On average more women work in the kitchen than men.
Carlos from homestay

Question: What clothing is typical and what are worn for special occasion?
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