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APUSH Civil War Project
Transcript of APUSH Civil War Project
By: Andrew McCarty
Role of European Powers in the War:
Map Of The United States During The Civil War
Dates of Secession:
1.South Carolina Dec. 20, 1860
2. Mississippi Jan. 9, 1861
3. Florida Jan. 10, 1861
4. Alabama Jan. 11, 1861
5. Georgia Jan. 19, 1861
6. Louisiana Jan. 26, 1861
7. Texas March 2, 1861
8. Virginia April 17, 1861
9. Arkansas May 6, 1861
10. North Carolina May 20, 1861
11. Tennessee June 8, 1861
Lasting Effects of the War
Role of African Americans in the War:
In both the Union and Confederacy armies, African Americans served as relief roles. For example, many of them served as nurses, cooks, and blacksmiths.
For the Union, free black men wanted to volunteer for Union services. However, they were not allowed to enlist due to a law passed in 1792 barring them from bearing arms in the U.S. army. Also, the fear of secession by the border states influenced this decision. When finally allowed to enlist, free and runaway slaves rushed to enlist in Union forces.
Most of the African Americans in the Confederate army served as impressed slave labor forces. Others were brought along with their masters to tend to their masters needs in the camps. Also, there are a few reports of servants taking their masters place on the firing line if they were injured. Many may have served willingly or otherwise.
Role of Women in the War:
In the North, women organized ladies' aid societies that supplied the union troops with everything they needed. The goods included food that the women baked, vegetables and fruit, clothing, gloves, blankets, and pillows. In addition, some of the women wanted to take a more active role in the war. Therefore, they tried to find a way to work for their country on the front lines caring for sick and injured soldiers.
Women in the South also put themselves on the front line of battle just like those in the North. They also provided uniforms, blankets, sandbags and other supplies to the entire regiment. In addition, they cooked and sewed for the troops and organized relief societies.
In both the Union and the Confederacy, women served as relief aids and caretakers as well as on the front lines.
quia Creek *
attle of Philippi +
arthage @ Battle of Blackburn's For
Battle of Carni
ex Ferry +
reenbrier River *
Battle of C
sland Number Ten +
Battle of Forts
ackson and St. Philip+
Battle of Cross
Battle of James Is
Battle of Si
mon's Bluff +
Battle of Gai
es' Mill @
Battle of Barnett's & G
lding's Farm *
Battle of Whiteoak Swam
First Battle of Mu
Battle of Kirk
Battle of Independence@
Second Battle of B
ll Run @
Battle of Gal
eston Harbor +
Battle of Old Fort
Battle of Appomato
Battle of Spots
lvania Court House*
Strengths and Weaknesses of the North and South:
few railroads to transport troops and supplies
small population to volunteer for army and make supplies
Few factories to make supplies and weapons
few trained soldiers
travel into unknown territories
long distances to transport troops and supplies
large navy and fleet of trading ships
70% of nations rail lines to transport food and troops
4x free population to volunteer in army and work in factories
90% of nations industry including factories to produce weapons and war supplies
fight a defensive war - knew the territory they were fighting on
trained soldiers - hunting skills and attended military school
believed in the cause because it was for their independence
Civil War Leaders:
The President of the United States at the time of the Civil War was Abraham Lincoln. The Union general was Ulysses S. Grant. Grant led the Union army in the later years of the war and he is most famous for his victory at Appomattox Courthouse which effectively ended the war.
The President of the Confederate States was Jefferson Davis. The general of the Confederate army was Robert E. Lee. Lee was considered the most successful Confederate general. He was the commander of the
Army of Northern Virginia.
Abraham Lincoln warned the rebellious states that if they did not return to the Union by January 1st all the slaves in those states would be free. No Confederate states accepted the offer so Lincoln presented the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 after the Battle of Antietam had been won by the Union. In the proclamation, Lincoln declared that the slaves in all states still in rebellion would be "thenceforward, and forever free". The Emancipation Proclamation also authorized the recruitment of free slaves and free blacks as Union soldiers. The Proclamation did not free all the slaves in the United States. It declared free only those slaves living in the states not under Union control. Lincoln was aware of the irony in the situation; keeping some states in their bondage as slaves while freeing others. However, he did not want to upset the slave states loyal to the union by setting their slaves free.
In this political cartoon, Lincoln is represented in differing ways based on how the north and the south saw him.
In the North, Lincoln was seen as a highly esteemed man who would do the best he could to satisfy the requests the North and the South. He was just that kind of person as to be so kind.
However, in the South, Lincoln was seen as an uncompromising Black abolitionist who was intent on starting a war against the southern people and place them under the rule of the North.
Cartoon by: Thomas Nast
New York Illustrated News, March 23, 1861
The Civil War had direct bearing on the United States relations with foreign powers. The two most dominant powers in Europe were France and England. The ruling classes of these two countries were strongly in the favor of the Confederacy. In fact, with a little influence, those foreign powers could have been pushed to intervene. Europe's aristocracies were never happy about the success of the Union's democracy. With the nation split in two, the European powers would be pleased. However, neither the British nor the French people would go along with a policy to preserve slavery. Therefore, the Federal President and Congress would have to convince the Europeans that they could fight alongside the South without aiding slavery. As far as Europe was concerned, no moral issue was involved and the game of power politics could be played with a clear conscience.
About 620,000 soldiers died during the Civil War
The South would experience a lot of increased debt from the loss of railroad workers.
The North flourished with the acquiring of all of the new railroad systems and factories.
The United States suffered so much loss. It was in a dire need of a reconstruction period and it got one. Lasting up until the Compromise of 1877.
Period of Restoration led to new inventions and the Industrialization period
New laws that gave federal protection to all citizens led to the demolishing of slavery.
The North and South would come together in the end to expand the United States westward in order to become a more economically advanced country
American People began to realize that the United States wasn't just a collection of states but had formed a country
of Bull Run @
+ Union Victory
@ Confederate Victory