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Higher History Extended Response
Transcript of Higher History Extended Response
Analysis & Evaluation
An evaluation of ...
An assessment of...
Types of Questions
This question asks for a balancing of the evidence and analysis and evaluation for and against the success/effectiveness or nature of a development .
This question asks you to evaluate the importance of the isolated factor and compare it with the importance of other factors in order to come to a balanced conclusion.
To what extent was women's war work a reasons why women were given the vote by 1918?
Examples of 'evaluate' questions...
Examples of Assessment questions...
The Liberal reforms of 1906 to 1914 failed to improve the lives of the British people.
How valid is this view?
To what extent did the reforms of the Labour Government of 1945—1951 meet the
needs of the British people?
To what extent was racism the main reason for changing attitudes towards immigration in the 1920s?
Evaluation & Analysis
of the effectiveness of the Labour social welfare reforms, 1945–1951
The Making of Modern Britain, 1851–1951
of the reasons why Britain became more democratic, 1851–1928
of how democratic Britain became, 1867–1928
of the reasons why women won greater political equality by 1928
of the reasons why the Liberals introduced social welfare reforms, 1906–1914
of the effectiveness of the Liberal social welfare reforms
The overall judgement of most historians was that the pensions were helpful. However they believed that it was not an overall solution to old age poverty. One aspect of the law that was welcomed by the elderly which remained unchallenged was that the pension was paid as a right and available to all who worked. The Liberals may not have solved all problems of elderly poverty but had brought an important and lasting principle.
In the poorer areas of big cities like Glasgow and Manchester life expectancy was 45 and pensions only became available at 70 so it did not solve poverty as many did not live long enough to collect their pension. The dreaded workhouses were still an option for many who struggled to survive. Therefore, Many argue it would have been more effective to focus on healthcare so people would live long enough to collect the pension.
The pensions act was helpful and important because it meant that the principle of helping those after work with some form of income was established.
However, Rowntree argued that again the amount given was not enough and 7s was the minimum amount a person could live off. Therefore, poverty in the elderly was not dealt with directly and the issue of not having enough to survive when you stopped working continued.
Although the reforms for the young did help the problem of poverty in children to a certain extent questions remain about the effectiveness to eradicate it. The reforms were more of a stepping stone and in order to deal with the problem of child poverty more focus was needed on families as a whole to avoid falling deeper into poverty. The reforms though effective later, were initially seen as inconsistent and at the decision of local authorities. Therefore, in comparison with elderly which was made compulsory across the whole of Britain help for the young in poverty took longer to establish a clear improvement in children's lives.
This was important because...
This shows that...
This was significant because...
On the one hand
The factor you discuss must relate to the question. You must state if you think this had an impact and why.
You must back this up with a reason/judgement. Bring in new or fresh piece of evidence.
Not a summary. No repetition
Build a line of argument throughout your essay. This must be the same all the way through.
Choose one that is more important than the other. eg
This factor was more important that this because...
Something new must be added to the evaluation. This must back up your judgement.
You can evaluate/ compare the importance of more than one factor.
In evaluation, this was the most important factor ( question) because...