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New France to Canada

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David Hyatt

on 16 January 2018

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Transcript of New France to Canada

1774
1750
Treaty of Utrecht
Ends War of Spanish Succession
France gives Acadia to Britain
1713
1752
British Mi'kmaq War Starts
Mi'kmaq refused to let British treat them
like they did First Nations around the "13 colonies"
British Mi'kmaq war ends
1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1760
1770
1780
1720
France builds Louisbourg Fortress
on "Cape Breton"
Strategic position
1730
Oath of Neutrality
British force Acadians to declare that in the
event of a war they will not fight on behalf of the French
Acadians sign
1749
British build Halifax
Strategic position
Partly in response to Louisbourg
1755
Oath of Allegiance
Britsh demand that Acadians must now declare that they will fight with the British against the France if war happened
Acadians refuse to sign
Great Deportation
Most Acadians are rounded up
shipped to New France, France, England, 13 colonies,
1756
7 years war starts
1763
7 years war ends
1759
Battle of the Plains of Abraham
Battle of the Plains of Abraham
Battle for Quebec City
British General Wolfe
French General Montcalm
1759
Both Generals are killed
British win the battle
Take the City
French retreat to Montreal
Battle of Sainte Foy
French win the battle
British retreat into the city/fortress
Britsh ships arrive first after the ice melts
Britain wins Quebec City and for the time New France
Treaty of Paris
Treaty of Paris 1763
Ends 7 years war
Britain will not return Quebec
France keeps Guadeloupe
France gives up most of North American possessions
Only hold on to Sainte Pierre et Miquelon
Royal Proclamation
Royal Proclamation 1763
British attempt to establish lasting peace in its North American colonies
Aimed to assimilate the Canadiens by
Establishing the Province of Quebec with British style gov’t
Govenor and appointed council
Promised an elected assembly
Disallowed Catholics from holding positions in gov’t
Abolishing French civil law
Ended relationships between seigneurs and habitants
and tithe to the church
Aimed to make peace with First Nations by
Establishing a Line separating
the 13 colonies from “Indian territory”
Quebec Act
The Quebec Act 1774
The inhabitants of “New France” (Quebec) didn’t like the Royal Proclamation
They weren’t assimilating the way the British hoped
The 13 colonies were becoming less and less interested in how
London (British Government) was treating them
London didn’t like that the colonies were becoming more
and more independent and demanding more rights and freedoms.
Britain didn’t know if they could trust Quebec.
Decided to return some of the rights that the Royal Proclamation
had taken away to keep them happy
Allowed Catholic people in Quebec to practise their religion
The church plays an important role in the politics of the colony
Allowed Canadiens to hold gov’t positions, once they had taken an oath of loyalty
Reinstated French civil law
Extended the boundaries of Quebec beyond the proclamation line to protect territories for the fur trade
Chapter 5 Timeline
Becoming Canada
1730
1713
1720
1749
1774
1713
Background
The Quebec Act
Full transcript