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Social: Renaissance & Dark Ages

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D Ferreira

on 21 October 2012

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Transcript of Social: Renaissance & Dark Ages

Humanism Art Literature Science During the Renaissance During the Dark Ages Medicine Mathematics Religious Leadship Spread of Ideas Political Leadership Changes During
the Renaissance During the Dark Ages During the Renaissance Certain people were aware of knowledge & ideas from "Ancient Greece & Roman civilizations"
The churchs and scholars used Latain as the main language of the Romans
Humanism a new way of thinking it began in northern Italian city-states
scholars were called humanists
they looked back at civilizations ancient Greece & ancient Rome
they studied classical Greek and Roman writing and art Humanism was a new way of thinking during the Renaissance
Humanists were scholars that studied Humanism, they would also study classical writings from ancient Greece and Roman
The scholars also applied the knowledge and ideas to their own lives
The scholars would educate people
They would look at some of the teacghing from ancient Greece and ancient Rome but teach it differently. They looked at:
Beautiful writing styles
Ancient Greek & Rome ideas about SOCIETY, POLITICS, HISTORY and the ARTS
The renaissances had a worldview that ended up in cultral exchange with the Greek and Roman civilizations
Only wealthy people hear about humanist ideas
humanists made manuscripts
Humanists scholars, philosophers, teachers, public officer, writers, scientists, arcitects, artists and musicians, some of these had an important role in the government.
humaists put huge empasis on education
they believed that it was important to educate the whole child.
they also incouraged a questioning mind
religion was still important during the renaissance. arian During the Dark Ages In the Dark Ages you were normally born into LEADERSHIP and most likely they were kings or queens. If the kings or queens needed help ruling the country they would give power to their closest nobles. But there were city-states in Itlay that were called "republics" because they were run by the people, the rich merchants and nobles had the most power about making desisions. The Medici family was an example of this. Isabella D'este was raised in Mantua Italy by a cultered family. She recived a classical education and met a famous humanist scholars & artist. She married the Duke of Mantua at the age of 16, later on in the marriage she was known as the First Lady of the World because she was smart and was very artistic. Men normally ruled the city-state but when they were away with the military the women would rule the city-state. Isabella D'este got that oppertunity. Isabbela D'este's encouraged people to speak up when they feel like they need to, to keep peace in the world and in each other with that advice she became a strong leader an therefore when her husband past away she rule Mantua with her son.

The Scientific Ruler
The Scientific ruler was another type of leadership that began in the renaissance. The scientific ruler was Niccolo Machiavelli. He would observe the people and the government. When he would watch these people the made these observations about men: he thought that they were not greatful, greedy, liars and were easy to turn bad. Machiavelli wrote a book called "The Prince" that explains the best ways to govern. "The Prince" became the most influencing texts ever written. Even today some scholars argue about his thought. During the Renaissance During the Dark Ages In europe during the dark ages or the middle ages the church was the most powerful organization. Leaders with the church thought the church to be leaders in: politics, buisness, and religion. Some of the church leaders and priests took advantages of their authority to gain more power and money for themselves and their familys. When the church got money they would take it and use it on themselves to buy luxury goods. During the Renaissance Savonrola
He was a monk and was part of the of the dominica order. He put his life out to fight against the corruption of the church and society. Savonrola accused Pope Alexander VI of corruption. In 1497 Savonrola order the people of Florence the create a big bonfire in the center of town square so they would burn their wigs, make up, fancy clothing, art, and books in it. He told people that these thing kept God away from them. Scavonrola would not give it up, he would continuously arguing against the pope and the church in Rome. Since he didnt stop his arguing he was excommunicated from the church. In 1498 Savonrola was tried for heresy, he was found guilty and killed.

Martin Luther
Savonrola's arguing with the church was no help, it kept on going the same way. 20 years later a guy named Martin Luther came along. A German Monk took more effective action. Martin Luther was influenced by humanists methods, he began to study the Bible. He found out that the Bible should be a christians true spiritual guide rther than the church. He was also sad on how the church was using its money. The church made lots of money by selling indulgences. In 1517 he finished the Nintey-Five Theses critizizing the selling of the indulgences made by the church. The Nintey-Five Theses were printed and viewed all throughout Germany. Pope Leo X banned his work. Luther publicly burned the pope's oredes. 1521 Luther told to give up his ideas like Galileo. But Martin Luther didnt give up his thoughts. The pope excommunicated Luther but he went into hiding. The protesteants followed Luther. A new church was started in Northern Europe-The Lutheran Church. Not to long after his ideas spread across europe. Martin Luther and the people were called the Protestants Reforms During the Dark Ages Doctors would wear a large trench coats and a head peace with a very large nose piece filled with sented flowers and different types of herbs to stop they from getting the black plauge. They would also wear long gloves to protect their hands. During the Renaissance During the Renaissance midwives and others with knowledge of traditional and herbal treatments. Treatments from nature have been important fom the First Nations to the Renaissance. During the Renaissance medical knowledge grew particularly in anatomy and suergery. Scientists started to apply the scientific method to make alot of new discoveries about the human body and how they worked. During the Renaissance Detail and beauty were inspired to the homes. Instead of homes built like forts they built more like castles, the building were built with stones. Instead of being built on mountains they were being built on their own property with windows and light, they were more built for the familys comfort instead of battle.

Castles were built with gardens and a bunch of other structures, the gardens had mazes to them. There were also beautiful rivers and streams throughout the castle. During the Dark Ages Home didn't have any detail at all, they didn't even have structures in them. Homes were built on mountains for defense high wall were also built for defense. Villager were built in the inside the wall. Colors to the house were all the same(black, white, and grey). Moats were also built for protection. By: During the Dark Ages During the Dark ages people and the church believed that the earth was in the middle of the universe. Nobody would dare to go against the church. The church would tech about astronomy and told them that the earth never moves. The church also believed Ptolemy's research was true, the earth doesn't move the sun revolves around the earth. During the Renaissance During the renaissance a guy named Galileo went against the churches theory that the earth was in the middle of the universe. He thought that the sun was in the middle of the universe. Well in 1610 Galileo proved his theory was right. He built a telescope to see the sky. He saw that the sun was in the middle of the universe and that the earth moves/rotates everyday and that it goes around the sun once a year.

Galileo came with proof that Copernicus's research was true. He came with magnificant research to prove the telescope. During the Renaissance The works of mathematical scientists like Eucild(geometry) and later by al-Khwarizmi(algebra) were studied with vigor. Leonardo da Vinci believed that mathematics was a basic tool for understanding the universe. mathematical proof was an improtant as the scientific method. Mathematics was also a big part of changing the economy. The concept of zero was, for example was used in ancient India, and the decimal system we use today.

A renaissance Architect Filippo Brunelleschi rediscovered the mathematical theory of perspective. He used perspective drawings to show how the building would look when they finished. He developed his technique through experimenting. 1.He began by painting over a reflection of a building called the baptistry on the surface of a mirror.
2. He drilled a small peephole in the painted mirror and stood infront of the baptistry.
3. He look at the baptistry and then throught= the peephole
4. by moving the mirror he could see that the painting was identical to the real thing. Math during the dark ages were very different from the Renaissance. The church had all of the power over education. The church would only allow nobles and the kings or queens go to school. So education went to only high rabking people. Isabella D'este was one of the luckiest people. She married the Duke of Mantua and got a really good education. During the Dark Ages In the early Renaissance writers focused on translating the work to their own language. Books and texts written were invernacular- which means the language that is spoken by the people(Italian, French and English). Humanisms started to influence writers on expressing their thoughts and feelings.

Christine de Pisan was a humanist writer. She was one of the few women to recive a humanist education. She was educated by King Charles V of France. She lost her husband and became a widow at the age of 25, she had three young children to support. Christine decided tomake a living as a writer. In The City of Women she argued about how men and women should not be juged on their gender but on their abilities. Poerty and writings were not so pushed on you. People were not motivated to write poerty. They would not translate in into their language that mosy people could read. Wealthy merchants played an important role in the exchange of ideas. The Medici Family established the Platonic academy were humanist thinkers gathered to discuss Greek ideas. Many humanists taught at Italian universities. They shared ideas through discussions with one another together. Some humanists were so good that they had students come from Europe to study with them, then they would go back to their city and share what they have learned.

Leonardo da Vinci and Erasmus were famous in their day. They were in demand in courts and universities all over Europe. Everywhere Leonardo da Vinci went he built a workshop and trained younger students. Kings and Queens were eager to attract scholars and writers to their courts. The court Francis I of france became a centre of learning.

The Printing Press
Only the most educated and rich people could read and write. You would have to know how to read Latin because that was the language back then. You could only afford a book if you were wealthy. But in 1450 everything changed. A german man named Johannes Gutenberg developed a printing press. Now everyone could have their own book if they could afford it. By 1500 about 6 million books were printed in Europe. Now that book were cheaper any class could start to read them. During the Renaissance Only priests, nobles, and kings or queens could have a book. The People couldn’t afford books in that time. It was very different then the renaissance. The printing press was not created during this time. Only the rich could afford the books. During the Dark Ages
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