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Martin Luther King
Transcript of Martin Luther King
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
Civil Rights Movement Contributions
That all human beings are able to achieve their highest potential in a society which promotes human dignity, equality, and freedom
That we can strive to live according to the ideals of community and social justice, while treating each others with respect and care
I believe in his dream and his pacifism; he reflects a true visionary who maintains that cooperation and consensus can be achieved through good will and rightful intentions
I also believe that we can apply his dream and everything he's done to actualize it to bettering our world today through peace and unity
I understand that without his efforts I may not be standing in front of you today as a free man in an integrated society, and I'm forever grateful and indebted to his contributions, efforts, and sacrifices that have allowed me to live without enduring the oppression and injustice that my ancestors did
"Everyone who believed in man's capacity to better himself had a moment of inspiration and confidence in the future of the human race."
"If it hadn't been for Martin Luther King we would be a divided nation. If it hadn't been for Dr King we would have something akin to another civil war. He freed not only a people but a nation. Watching him deliver that speech that day I realized change has never been simple, or without controversy. Change depends on persistence, change requires determination.``
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
250,000 people in attendance from all over the United States
A quarter of which NOT being coloured
More than 2000 buses, 21 special cars and 10 airlines coverged at the nations capital
Martin Luther King`s ``I Have a Dream`` speech outshined all speeches and performances and captivated many; regarded as one of the most memorable speeches in American history
The March- Aftermath
The march is widely credited for helping pass the Civil Rights Act (1964), and the Voting Rights Act (1965)
King becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
Many people became aware of the oppression that existed in their own nation, and prompted thousands to be inspired and motivated to make a change
Was broadcasted live on national television to millions of viewers
Montgomery Bus Boycott
King spoke at nightly sessions during the 385 day boycott
King was temporarily arrested and jailed
King`s house was bombed and vandalized multiple times
Was on the Birmingham African-American committee that looked into the Rosa Parks case and facilitated the boycott
King delivers his ``I Have a Dream`` speech to which he has been renouned for
King finds the SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference), which was a group created to harness the moral authority and organize power of black churches to conduct non-violent protests in the service of civil rights reform
King led the SCLC until his death
The Birmingham Campaign
King initiated `project C`; a series of sit-ins and marches intended to provoke arrest after a failed boycott to pressure businesses to offer employment to all races
``The purpose of direct action is to create a situation so crisis-packed it will inevitably open the door to negotiation`` King stated when directing black citizens to employ non-violent tactics
The Albany Movement
King becomes involved in the mobilization of thousands of demonstrators in Albany, Georgia to form a desegregation coalition that tackled all aspects of segregation within the city
King counselled citizens on the essence of non-violent attacks
King was sentenced to 45 days in prison
The march in St. Augustine demanded uncorrupted voting rights and was organized by King and the SCLC
King was the driving force that led nightly marches in Selma; unfortunately, they were met with violent white segregationalists who forced them to stop
King petitioned an injunction in federal court against the State of Alabama for prohibiting their protests, but it was denied
Undettered, King and the SClC authorized an illegal march on March 9th to Selma
He later led a march on March 25th where he delivered his famous speech ``How Long, Not Long``
After his success in the south, King tried to spread the movement to the North by tackling a newly discovered form of discrimination- racial steering, which refers to the deliberate ghettoization of coloured folks
He executed marches and moved into a building into the slums with other activists to demonstrate their support and empathy
More cameras were setup than the amount used to film the last Presidential Inauguration
One of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history
Called for civil and economic rights for African Americans
They marched from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial
Marked the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln which freed slaves
Some were concerned that it might turn violent, which could undermine pending legislation and damage the international image of the movement; this was not the case.
Thousands of police were ordered to ensure that the march went smoothly; they were not needed as the march was absolutely peaceful