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The Environment's Affect on Human Behavior

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Jamie DePaul

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of The Environment's Affect on Human Behavior

Psychology 101 Presentation
- Introduction of All Environmental Factors
- Color
- Natural Environment
- Family
- Social Environment
- Location
Natural Environment
Social Environment
• What is behavior?
• the way in which an animal or person acts in response to a particular situation or stimulus
• Why is behavior important?
• Behavior is important because it allows a third party a glimpse into the mind of an individual and what happens in their mind

The Environment
Culture also has a play on how we associate certain colors with certain events (which thus evoke an emotion).

In the US, brides will wear (traditionally) the color white when they are getting married. In the Asian culture, white can be associated with death and the mourning of a loved one.

HOWEVER within the same culture, color can have a contradicting affect.

Traditionally, we associate the “bad guy” with wearing the color black. However, in a court room, the judge also wears the color black, which is the person bringing justice.

Culturally-learned meanings of color are also quite powerful, and can be used to subtly affect mood and behavior in some people. We all have grown up to know these associations of color and emotion. For example, yellow can be seen to mean warmth or happiness, whereas green can mean luck or with nature. These could be even more generalized, where colors like red, orange and yellow (aka the warm colors) can be more stimulating compared to the opposing colors blue, green, and violet (aka the cool colors) which are normally more soothing. Each of these can vary (as the examples above show) and can be different depending on experiences. Experience plays a huge role on what color effects us and just how it does that.

The Environment's Affect on Human Behavior

There are thousands of factors each day that we come in contact with that literally influence the way we behave and how we interact with others around us. Listing all factors is impossible.
The few we focused on were:
• Color
• Natural Environment
• Family
• Social Environment
• Location

Our natural environment effects our behavior a lot more than we realize. Depending on where you live in the world, the weather could potentially play a significant role in changing your behavior.

Color Effecting Behavior
Color psychology is the study of how color effects mood and behavior. Because no two people are alike, and therefor two people don't perceive the same things, it is hard to actually distinguish what color makes you “feel” a certain emotion. This psychology itself is hard to prove because there as so many different variables, making it a lot harder to actually distinguish what is what.

Colors itself can have some simple effects, but that can be different among different people.

Examples (that have been found through testing)
Red – increases blood pressure and heart rate
Pink – has been seen to relax some individuals that were feeling very agitated and aggressive
Blue – a more creative color, but can also be a more calming color

HOWEVER, these can be colors that we associate with others things that we individually have experienced in our lives. For example, red is the color of some warnings and alerts. That could be the explanation for the increase in blood pressure for that color, or because the color red is associated with valentine's

day which normally calls for love and lust.
Color Continued...
The Social Environment Affects...
(1) Behavior
(2) Learning
(3) Your Life
Social Continued...
- more opportunities
- quality education
- superiority mindset
- get catered to
(no motivation)
- more resources
vs. Poor
- restricted/limited opportunities
- inferiority mindset
- hard life (no choice)
- determined to change life style
- same life cycle
Natural Continued...
1. Seasonal Affective Disorder: is a type of depression
that's related to changes in season
- Winter SAD and Summer SAD
- "winter depressions are longer and more severe at high latitudes, whereas summer depressions are longer and more severe at low latitudes in the northern hemisphere" (Rosenthal et al., 1984; Wurtman & Wurtman, 1989)
- Neurotransmission - Melatonin and Serotonin changes

2. Light Therapy / Phototherapy: bright light is an effective and rapid treatment for winter depression

A Comparison of Correlates Associated With Adult Physical Activity Behavior in Major Cities and Regional Settings

One population group at higher risk for physical inactivity are those living outside of urban areas. Studies exploring activity levels by degree of urbanization have shown that urban-based adult populations are more active than regional- and rural-based adult populations. In part, this is likely due to how these settings differ in terms of sociodemographic and environmental factors, such as reduced access to education and reduced access to physical activity facilities in regional and remote compared with urban areas. However, this difference in behavior may also reflect differences in psychological determinants of physical activity.
Location Continued...
Some evidence suggests that there are urban versus nonurban differences in individual, social, and environmental determinants of physical activity that would be missed if analyses were not stratified by level of urbanization. For example, in a study of ethnically diverse, middle- and older-aged U.S. women, it was shown that younger age, perception of fewer barriers, and social support were associated with increased leisure-time physical activity in urban areas whereas in nonurban areas, these factors plus White race, higher educational attainment, and an aesthetically pleasing environment were associated with increased leisure-time physical activity. (The lack of education leads to less physical activity, the lack of social support/perceived barriers increase physical activity. #I don't know that this is really saying, lol.)
Location Continued...
In another U.S. study, exercising on neighborhood streets was shown to be positively associated with physical activity among nonurban, but not urban, residents, whereas having friends to exercise with and access to walking paths and parks was shown to be positively associated with physical activity among urban, but not nonurban, residents examined urban versus nonurban differences in the patterns of association among sociodemographic, psychosocial, and behavioral correlates of physical activity among a large sample of Canadian adults.
• Behavior is important and understanding the factors that influence can help understanding why people make certain decisions or why people act in a certain way.
• What we surround ourselves with in our environment has an effect on us and some for good and others for bad.
• Be aware of what is in your environment and how it can impact your studying and performance in life

- Parents tend to have the most significant impact on whether their child's development is positive or negative because they are normally a fixed presence in the child's life, style of parenting has a huge impact on the child's behavior.
- Styles of Parenting: Authoritarian, Authoritative
- Indulgent and Uninvolved
Clinic Staff, M. (n.d.). Seasonal Affective Disorder. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/seasonal-affective-disorder/basics/definition/con-20021047

Soto, Toru, York U, Dept of Psychology, North York, ON, & Canada. (1995, March 3). Seasonal affective disorder and phototherapy: A critical review. Retrieved November 5, 1996, from http://0-web.a.ebscohost.com.library.acaweb.org/ehost/detail/detail?sid=fcbdf0bb-a1eb-48fb-b794-f413630ad264@sessionmgr4003&vid=0&hid=4106&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==#db=pdh&AN=1997-03377-010

Weiten, W. (n.d.). The Biological Bases of Behavior. In Psychology Themes and Variations (9th ed., Vol. E, pp. 80-120). Las Vegas: University Of Nevada.

Weiten, W. (n.d.). Variations in Consciousness. In Psychology Themes and Variations (9th ed., Vol. E, pp. 184-218). Las Vegas: University of Nevada.

(Definition of Behavior .). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/behavior ?s=t

3 Ways The Environment Shapes Human Behavior - Mutual Responsibility. (n.d.). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://www.mutualresponsibility.org/science/3-ways-the-environment-shapes-human-behavior

(n.d.). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://bcs.worthpublishers.com/myers8einmodules/content/cat_570/PDFs/Module 7.pdf
Cool Video
Berkman, L. F., & Kawachi, I. (2000). Social epidemiology (pp. 332-344). N.p.: Oxford
University Press.

Greenfield, E. A. (2011). Developmental Systems Theory as a Conceptual Anchor for Generalist Curriculum on Human Behavior and the Social Environment. Social Work Education, 30(5), 529. doi:10.1080/02615479.2010.503237

Lawson, J., & King, B. (2012). Theories of Violence: A Review of Textbooks on Human Behavior and the Social Environment. Journal Of Human Behavior In The Social Environment, 22(5), 517-534. doi:10.1080/10911359.2011.598724
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