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Southeast Asian

HBSA: Culture Rebeca, Indira, and Connie
by

Rebeca Eller

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of Southeast Asian

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Rebeca, Indira, and Connie
SOUTH
EAST

ASIA

Groups That Fall Under this Culture

Vietnamese
Family name + Middle name + Given name
People call only close friends by their given name, and young people will generally address others using a title rather than a name.

Cambodian
Family name + Given name
Formal address: A Cambodian man is addressed as Mr. + Given name.
A Cambodian woman is addressed as Miss/Mrs. + Family name + Given name

Lao
First name + Last name
Formal address: Mr./Mrs. + First name

Hmong
Clan name + Given name
There are only 14 common clan names.
Values, World View, and Communication
Values:
The group is generally considered more important than individual. Individual incentive and achievement are not as highly valued as they are in American culture, and may be sacrificed for the benefit of the group.

Characterized by a strong respect for education.

Responsibility for the extended family has a profound impact on Southeast Asian society.
Family/Gender Issues
The family serves as social security, and the younger generations are expected to care for their parents and grandparents.

Family is structured by age and gender:
Cradle to Grave
Christians:
-Filipinos associated baptism with their own indigenous 'healing rituals', which also rely on the symbolism of holy water.
-Believed in maintaining a cosmological balance between this world and the afterlife.
-believed that proper ritual feasting of the spirits would appease them, and result in good harvests.

Buddhism:
-Buddhists are not afraid of death because they view it as Reincarnation.
Heath Related Beliefs and Practices
Southeast Asian cultural attitudes toward suffering are that it is inevitable and that your life span is also predetermined.


As a result, many Southeast Asians do not seek heath care.
Heath Related Beliefs and Practices (continue)
Cambodians:
Evil spirits cause illnesses by entering the body through the patient's food.
Treatments: ritual ceremonies and sorcery

Doctors are usually seen only when the illness persists.
CHILDREN:

"The fish which is not preserved in salt will be rotten; the child who does not obey his parents will be corrupted in every way." (Vietnamese proverb)

•Asian parents are significantly more controlling, restrictive, and protective of their children than are Anglo parents.

•Southeast Asian parents want their children to receive a good education. When children complete degree programs, they gain respect, not only for themselves, but for the whole family.

•As children mature, they develop a moral obligation and primary loyalty to the family.

•Children are cherished, pampered, appreciated, integrated into everyday life and activities, and indulged for the first five years or so.
FATHER:
•Dominant and authoritarian

•The father IS considered to be superior in all matters.

Communication


•He tends to be distant, so when he does intervene, he is more effective in controlling children's misbehavior.
MOTHER:
• Subordinate.
• Mediator between the children and their father.
• Only Vietnamese women who have no families smoke cigarettes or drink beer.
• Women are devoted to families, don't talk too loudly, and more isolated back at home.
• Purity
GRANDPARENTS:
•Grandparents are highly respected because of their experience, knowledge and wisdom. They also help raise the children.
Reason:
Many Buddhists believe that human suffering and hardships provide the catalysts for change and development.


As a result, many delays in obtaining relief from illness because they believe that their illness is response to religious awakening.
Traditional remedies include:
herbal medicines,
coin rubbing,
cupping,
therapeutic burning,
and acupuncture .

-Many of these remedies, such as coin rubbing, produce superficial abrasions -->
misinterpret them as elder abuse.
Hmong:
Believe that illnesses are caused caused by temporary soul loss

Perceive dementia as a natural part of aging and the life cycle and demented relatives are cared for in their sons’ homes.
Nursing home placement is made for advanced dementia only when sanctioned by the entire extended family.
Laos:
Believe that health is dependent upon the status of the 12 souls that make up a person's life force.
These 12 souls correspond to 12 parts of the body (eyes, ears, mouth and nose, neck, arms, chest and upper back, abdomen and lower back, legs, left side of the head, right side of the head, feet and hands).
Illness in that part of the body is produced by ancestors expressing their anger.
-East of the Indian subcontinent, south of China and north of Australia, between the Indian Ocean (in west) and the Pacific Ocean (in east).

- It comprises the countries of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Vietnam and West Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia), the other is the Malay Archipelago, or Maritime Southeast Asia, which comprises the countries of: Brunei (on the island of Borneo), East Malaysia (with the Malayan states of Sabah and Sarawak on the northern part of Borneo), all the islands of Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore and Timor-Leste (East Timor).
Communication-continue

The feet are considered the lowest part of the body, and the head the most sacred.

Public display of affection is considered inappropriate in traditional Southeast Asian cultures. Although two people of the opposite sex holding hands is generally looked down on, two men or two women holding hands is perfectly appropriate.

Direct eye contact is considered disrespectful, especially with an elder or superior

Speaking or laughing loudly in public is considered impolite in most Southeast Asian cultures, particularly for women
Communication:

Southeast Asians often smile or laugh in situations that Americans consider inappropriate.

The value placed on saving face results in a style of communication that is more indirect than the typical American style.

Public praise and criticism can both be embarrassing, and it is better to express both one-on-one.

Young people generally call their elders by titles
Taboos 101:
-Dress Modestly
-The left hand is used for defecating, so they will never use it to eat, pass things or shake hands.
-Confrontation behavior (frowning, raising your voice, etc.)
-Public displays of affection
-Never touch someone's head or point your feet at anything
-Don't gesture with chopsticks or leave them pointing up in a bowl
-Communication (top to bottom down, age and gender).
- Never use the given name of a superior
WORLD VIEWS

-Despite centuries of borrowing and sometimes foreign conquest, Southeast Asians, they took ideas they wanted from outsiders and adapted them to their own indigenous values and institutions.

-Indigenous beliefs and traditions have survived and grown strong and resilient for centuries

During the Vietnam War, those who had fought alongside the U.S. were the Hmong, a people group with their own language and culture who lived mainly in the mountains of Laos. They were known as fierce fighters.

Religion:
Buddhism has been the major religious influence in Southeast Asia.
Buddhist values that have shaped the Southeast Asian way of life include temperance, patience, endurance, nonviolence, passivity, and a strong belief in the inevitability of fate.

Vietnamese:
ancestor worship, components of Buddhism and Taoism, and animism (belief in spirits). Catholic influence is also present.
Cambodian and Lao:
99% practice Buddhism, generally combined with animism.
Hmong:
About half are Christian
WORKS CITED:
"Background on Southeast Asian Parenting : Families with Teens : University of Minnesota Extension." University of Minnesota Extension. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.extension.umn.edu/family/families-with-teens/bicultural-parenting/background.html>.
"Cultural Differences | Our Stories, Our Health - YouTube." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dG3FY12E1Kw>.
"Cultural barriers to health care for southeast Asian refugees.." National Center for Biotechnology Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1403696/>.
"DiversityCouncil." Diveristy Tip Sheet:Southeast Asian Culture An Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <www.diversitycouncil.org/toolkit/Resources_TipSheet_SoutheastAsianCulture.pdf>.
"Health and Health Care of Southeast Asian American." Stanford University. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.stanford.edu/group/ethnoger/southeastasian.html>.
"Map of South-East Asia - Nations Online Project." Guide to the Countries of the World :: Nations Online Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map_of_southeast_asia.htm>.
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