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The Wild, Wild Web
Transcript of The Wild, Wild Web
.arts (for cultural and entertainment groups)
.firm (for businesses)
.store (for businesses offering goods)
.rec (for entities emphasizing recreation)
.info (for information service providers) Common Domain Names:
.com (a commercial site)
.edu (an academic site)
.org (usually a nonprofit organization)
.net (a networked service provider)
.mil (a military site)
.gov (a federal government site) The specific host name. Host names are authorized by ICANN (Internet Corporation of Assigned Names & Numbers).
As a researcher, Domaine Names are very important. Contacts the server that hosts the web page. (DeKalb Co. Public Library has its own server.)
The domain name identifies the type of organization.
A URL is made up of many parts A protocol contacts the browser (Internet Explorer, FireFox, etc.). http://www.dekalblibrary.org 1. Search Engines 2. Subject Directories 3. Digitized Books & WorldCat 4. Your Library's Databases 5. Government Websites (the deep web) A software program and databases of information about web pages that lets you search for pages that may be of interest. Google Yahoo Altavista Bing Ask Jeeves Page Ranking Spiders & Crawlers A complex software which places web pages likely to be of interest at the top of the list. Automated programs that “crawl” the web and gather information. Googling Techniques Very Useful Research Techniques finds web pages whose title contains the word "school integration" +"public schools" integration OR desegregation -"private schools" ~cat exact phrase must include these words must exclude these words (~) finds variations like cats, kitty or feline . . . but also caterpillar! search either word intitle:marie antoinette site:edu or site:org or site:gov
site:uk or site:fr inurl:frenchrevolution link:thekingcenter.org can help you locate specific web addresses helps to find types of organizations or geographical regions finds pages containing links to a specific web site A Question of "Authority" In writing research papers, you want to establish that the information you present is considered reliable. Some questions to ask yourself include: What is the purpose behind the web site? Is the material presented objectively? Is the information current? Is the person/organization clearly labeled on the site? Who is the author? (credentials & authority ) Beware of Hoaxes! http://www.thekingcenter.org Martin Luther King, Jr. The White House Wikis and the Wisdom of Crowds Can you guess the weight of this ox? Surowieki & Galton Wikipedia can a useful starting point but it is not considered an Authority by researchers. Use it to gather ideas, look for search terms and links. Provide organized categories that make it easier to narrow down your search
Because someone has organized the sites included in the directory, the results tend to be more precise.
The process of searching directories is call “drilling down.”
http://www.whitehouse.net http://infomine.ucr.edu/ http://lii.org http://www.martindatecenter.com http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:About In recent years, major internet companies have launched digitization project to make the fulltext of books available on the web. Google Books is currently the largest. It is working with major universities across the country to digitize out-of-print books. (It is also being sued.) Google Books also connects to WorldCat, the largest online catalog which allows you to locate the library nearest you. http://books.google.com/bkshp?hl=en&tab=wp http://www.worldcat.org/ Your public library has many dictionaries, encyclopedias and databases available on line
DeKalb Public Library is a member of GALILEO, an initiative by the University of Georgia that makes available authoritative information not available through the web. http://www.dekalb.public.lib.ga.us/ Two major publishers of research articles are:
ProQuest The U.S. Government is one of the major disseminators of “authority” information on the web; however, most of its information cannot be accessed through a simple Google search. You have to go directly to the sources. This type of information which cannot be directly found on search engines is commonly referred to as the “Deep Web” or “dark matter.” It is high regarded by researchers!
http://firstgov.gov (official portal to all) http://www.statelocalgov.net/index.cfm (state & local) http://www.fedstats.gov (government info/statistics)