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Transcript of The Renaissance
King Henry VIII The Tudor dynasty
King Henry VIII In 1485, Henry Tudor became king Henry VII.
He started a policy of familiar alliances. In 1509, Henry's youngest son became King Henry VIII, starting a golden age which reached it's peak with his second daughter.
He was an example of the Renaissance prince: soldier, poet, musician and athlete.
Also thanks of this quality, he had six wifes during his life. First he was a strong Catholic but when the Pope refused to grant him the divorce from Anne Boleyn he broke with the Church of Rome. In 1534 with the Act of Supremacy the Church of England was born and put under the King's control.
The Tudor dynasty
1547-1553 The Renaissance Arthur Tudor Catherine of Aragon Margaret Tudor James IV Catherine of aragon Anne Boleyn Jane Seymour Anne of Cleves Catherine Howard Catherine Parr The Tudor dynasty
The Act of Supremacy The Tudor dynasty
"Bloody Mary" Mary I, elder daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, became queen and for her bittest persecutions of Protestant nobles and common people was known as "Bloody Mary". Under the short reign of Edward VI, protestants gained control over the most of the country but the situation dramatically changed under the reign of his successor. The Tudor dynasty
Elizabeth I Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
She was able to give her reign, among strong clashes both at home and abroad, stability and peace required to insure social and economic development. The Stuart Dynasty When Elizabeth I died, without heirs the crown passed to James VI of Scotland as James I of England (1603-1625).
He believed in the divine right of the King to reign and in the subjection of the parliament to the King.
He excluded both Catholics and Puritans from public offices and strongly supported the Church of England. The gunpowder plot, and the persecutions of Catholics and Puritans James I, came from a Catholic country, like Scotland. Thanks by his policy of balance between Catholics and Puritans brought him many enemies.
The Catholics organized the famous "gunpowder plot". The Puritans were forced to leave the country. The Stuart dynasty, Charles I Charles I, shared his father opinion as regards religion and policy, dissolved the parliament and rules as an absolute monarch.
The civil war (1642-1660) King's supporters (cavaliers)
Parliament supporters (Roundheads, puritans) Were led by Oliver Cromwell, who defeated king Charles, who finally beheaded. From 1649 to 1660, England was a Parliamentary Republic under the control of a Lord Protector, the first of all being Cromwell himself. Oliver Cromwell The culture, English Renaissance It spread all around the country thanks to the grammar School the two famous university of Oxford and Cambridge.
Scholars started to translate in English Latin and Greek works as the Holy Bible and the Old and new testaments.
This translation were authorized by the King and they strongly influenced poets and writers. "Eternity was in our lips and eyes."
William Shakespeare. The old aristocracy was substituted by a new protestant one and the new middle classes were generally protestant, too.All these changins weren't without opponents or victims. He summoned the parliament only twice to rise money for his wars. In 1641 the parliament asked for some reforms and as the King refused, the civil war broke out.