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Poetry Terms

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by

Katie Butler

on 11 January 2011

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Transcript of Poetry Terms

Poetry Terms Alliteration
repetition of consonants at the beginning of words "...the whale's way where the wind's like a whetted knife..." Concrete poetry
in a shape that suggests its meaning Couplet
2 lines together that rhyme "Before the coming of the night
The moon shows papery white" Diction
author's choice of words Free Verse
poetry that doesn't
consistently rhyme Haiku
3 line poem
5-7-5 syllables Hyperbole
an exaggeration Imagery
using description to paint a mental picture for the reader Limerick
5 lined poem
ABBA rhyme scheme Metaphor
something is described
as something else Mood
how the reader is supposed
to feel when reading Narrative poem
poem that tells a story Onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds Personification
non human subject
is given human-like
characterisitics Refrain
regularly repeated lines
in a poem or song
(also called "chorus") Poetry
use of rhyme, rhythm,
and word choice to
communicate a message
artistically Repetition
using a word, phrase,
or line more than once
for effect Rhyme
using the same sounds
at the end of words Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of rhyme
in a poem Rhythm
pattern of stressed and
unstressed syllables
the beat also
Sensory Details
using the 5 senses
in description Simile
comparing 2 things
using like or as Speaker
imaginary voice a poet
uses in a poem Stanza
group of lines separated
by a line space
(like a paragraph) Symbol
an object that represents a larger idea Theme
central message Tone
attitude or viewpoint
of the author or speaker Verse
a different stanza in a song
a reference to poetry "Words strain,
Crack and sometimes break, under the burden,
Under the tension, slip, slide, perish,
Decay with imprecision, will not stay in place,
Will not stay still."
Winter of solitude
in a world of one color
the sound of the wind This is the beginning of sadness, I say to myself
as I walk through the universe in my sneakers
It is time to say good-bye to my imaginary friends,
time to turn the first big number It is going to take a bazillion years to get through Medical School.
I ate the whole cow.
He's 900 years old.
I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
There are millions of other things to do.
Running faster than the speed of light.
You could be Miss Universe.
It took light years for this to work.
I waited in line for centuries.
I've told you a million times don't exaggerate.
I had to walk fifteen miles uphill both ways, in snow five feet deep.
I had worse than that in my eye.
If I don't get these jeans, I will DIE!
I have a million things to do today.
I could eat a horse.
She cried for days.
The whole world was staring at me. "The winter
still stings
clean and cold and white
as it did last year" "Raise me a dais of silk and down;
Hang it with vair and purple dyes;
Carve it in doves and pomegranates,
And peacocks with a hundred eyes;
Work it in gold and silver grapes,
In leaves and silver fleurs-de-lys;
Because the birthday of my life
Is come, my love is come to me." "There was an old man with a beard,
Who said, It is just as I feared!"
Two owls and a Hen
Four Larks and a Wren
Have all built their nests in my beard!" "The fallen leaves are cornflakes
That fill the lawn's wide dish" "Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door." "The Walrus and the Carpenter" by Lewis Carroll
"The Raven" by Edgar Allen Poe
Dr. Seuss
buzz, gargle, murmur, swish "I pulled the strings out of my stalk. Z-z-zip, z-z-zip." "New sounds to
walk on
today,
dry
leaves
talking
in hoarse
whispers
under bare trees" The sun smiled down on us.
My pen danced over the paper. "Cause baby you're a firework
Come on show 'em what your worth
Make 'em go "Oh, oh, oh!"
As you shoot across the sky-y-y" "I looked upon the rotting sea,
And drew my eyes away;
I looked upon the rotting deck,
And there the dead men lay." "Leaping higher, higher, higher" "Shadows on the wall
Noises down the hall
Life doesn't frighten me at all." "Is the moon tired? she looks so pale (A)
Within her misty veil (A)
She scales the sky from east to west (B)
and takes no rest" (B) "Some people talk and talk (A)
and never say a thing (B)
some people look at you (C)
and birds begin to sing" (B) "I wonder if the elephant
Is lonely in his stall
When all the boys and girls are gone,
And there's no shout at all,
And there's no one to stamp before,
No one to note his might.
Does he hunch up, as I do,
Against the dark of night?" "In the high wind the
leaves don't
fall but fly
straight out of the
tree like birds" Even though a poem uses I and me, the speaker is not necessarily the poet. Often the poet invents a separate character. The reader must imagine that character saying the poem. "Panthers in the park
Strangers in the dark
No, They don't frighten me at all.

That new classroom where
Boys all pull my hair
(Kissy little girls
With their hair in curls)
They don't frighten me at all." "Like book ends
my father at one side
my mother at the other

propping me up
but unable to read
what I feel.

Were they born with clothes on?
Born with rules on?" "A single flow'r he sent me, since we met.
All tenderly his messenger he chose;
Deep-hearted, pure, with scented dew still wet —
One perfect rose.
I knew the language of the floweret;
“My fragile leaves,” it said, “his heart enclose.”
Love long has taken for his amulet
One perfect rose.
Why is it no one ever sent me yet
One perfect limousine, do you suppose?
Ah no, it's always just my luck to get
One perfect rose." Love - Family-Loneliness
Pets - War - Friends
Nature - Fear - Happiness "You are blind
You can never see
All the anger built up in me
I hated life
I wanted out
You didn’t care
You would just shout

I felt so alone
Thought I didn’t need anyone
Turns out I just needed a mum

The black sheep
I was never apart
Furthest away from your heart
Things have changed
I’m growing old
I don’t need you
You still feel cold" The ants go marching one by one, hurrah! hurrah!...
The ants go marching two by two, hurrah! hurrah!...
The ants go marching three by three hurrah! hurrah!... "And miles to go before I sleep,
And miles to go before I sleep."
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