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Transcript of Philosophy
Free will is a philosophical term for a sort of capacity to choose cause of action from various alternatives
Connections to You
Connections to the Text
Vonnegut was a soldier in the war, so when he talks about being in the war, he talks from experience -- thereby he bolsters support behind the idea of pacifism. But there is also the fact of sometimes we need violence to have peace.
If someone is a cancer patient and knows they are going to die, then they will take dangerous risks without caring because there is nothing to lose, mainly because they think that they will not be around for the consequences.
Discussion Question 1
Discussion Question 2
Discussion Question 3
Pacifism - on page 14-15, Vonnegut discusses how the book he is writing will be called "The Children's Crusade" and to be anti-war
Time-Travel- on page 23, Billy Pilgrim is a time traveler, as well as numerous references to alien time-travel capabilities.
There is also a discussion of free will in a war situation -- can a soldier disobey orders?
Fatalism- the phenomenon of not being able to control your own life, the thought my life is already set in stone and you can do nothing to change it
“ Is the philosophical idea that every event or state of affairs, including every human decision and action, is the inevitable and necessary consequence of antecedent states of affairs.”
Freedom of Action vs. Freedom of Will
"the belief that any violence, including war, is unjustifiable under any circumstances, and that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means."
"the belief that all events are permitted and therefore inevitable."
Do you believe that our
actions are caused by free
will or determinism? Why?
An anti-war activist would believe in pacifism because they think that the act of war is wrong and there are other ways violence can be taken care of. they want peace, order, and safety.
If time travel was possible, where (and when) would you go? Why?
You are brought up in an abusive household and so you will go on to abuse your own family.
Some say free will is the ability to do or not do something
Some say it is by nature and it can never constrained
pacifism was coined by the French Émile Arnaud (1864–1921) and adopted by other peace activists at the tenth Universal Peace Congress in Glasgow in 1901
we dont know which of our actions are actually free, the gap in our perception is what we call free will.
Fatalism is a special form of determinism where every event in the future is fated to happen
the only free will we have is our thoughts, everything else is dictated to us , predetermined or relying on something else
choice of environment = free will
In philosophy, determinism is the theory based on the metaphysical principle that an uncaused event is impossible.
We as humans want peace for all yet we still continue to have wars, this is because there will always be disagreement between people
Billy seems either mentally unstable or shell-shocked after his accidents made him "unstuck" in time. Why does Kurt Vonnegut seem that way (unstable or shell-shocked) too?
which one of these stand points do you think has/ would have on today's society?
Billy feels as though he can not control when he skips through time. No matter what he does he does not get to choose when he is forced into another time either the future or the past.
By: Folake Adebisi, Meklit Bellay, Jared Brown, Madison Lehner, Matthew Sinnott, Khabilah Omar
"Billy Pilgrim has come unstuck in time. Billy has gone to sleep a senile widower and awakened on his wedding day. He has walked through a door in 1955 and come out another in 1941."