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DFID, Burma and Private Sector Development

Presentation for British Business Group, Burma. 25 July 2013

Gavin McGillivray

on 7 January 2014

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Transcript of DFID, Burma and Private Sector Development

DFID, Burma
and Private Sector Development

British Business Group, Burma
25 July 2013
DFID's overarching strategic objectives for engaging on and with the private sector
1. Increased successful private investment

2. More & better basic services

Increased private investment
Improving the investment climate
Direct engagement with business and finance

Throughout the economy, eg:
Small-holder farmers
Micro, small & medium sized enterprises
National firms
Financial institutions
Multinational enterprises
Increased private investment
Accessible, appropriate & affordable:-
More & better basic services
Healthcare and medicines
Vocational training & skills
Business climate
Strengthening public policies, laws, standards, regulations and regulatory institutions – including non-state efforts to improve the investment climate

Government capacity
Strengthening government capacity to plan in relation to, contract & manage private providers

Direct engagement
With business and financial institutions
With business associations
With advocacy groups and other NGOs
Working ON and WITH private enterprise
Pakistan - c.4 million children in primary education
SIMBA: co-designed & co-funded
by PSD and Country Offices
Cape - to - Cairo Free Trade
Youth entrepreneurship in Nigeria
Returnable capital funding of new private sector programmes in India - SoS launch of Samridhi
Collaboration with pharmaceutical companies - family planning
Land rights progammes in Rwanda, Mozambique & India
Private Infrastructure Development Group - PIDG
Gavin McGillivray - Head, DFID Burma

DFID, Burma & Private Sector Development
Two principal approaches to achieving these objectives:
1. Improving the investment climate

2. Direct engagement with private enterprise

Rwanda - registering a business down from 16 to 2 days, and from 371 to 55 days to register property
Kitchen garden in Rwanda
CDC – major reform in 2012. CDC now:-

Can make new commitments only into sub-Saharan Africa & South Asia

Is able to take more risk (lower corporate return requirement )

Aims to maximise development impact, not corporate profitability

Can invest directly in enterprises as well as through Funds

Can lend as well as invest in equity
Increased Private Investment
Throughout the economy; eg
Informal & formal sectors
Smallholder farmers
Micro, small & medium enterprises
National firms
Financial Institutions
Multinational Corporations

What is DFID?

DFID and the private sector - objectives & examples from around the world

DFID's overall work & plans in Burma

DFID's nascent activities on private sector development in Burma

Your thoughts?
"Engine of Development
The Private Sector and Prosperity for Poor People"
UK Department for International Development DFID

An HMG Ministry headed by a member of the Cabinet

DFID leads the UK’s work to end extreme poverty; aiming to end the need for aid by creating jobs, unlocking the potential of girls and women and helping to save lives when humanitarian emergencies hit

Governed by International Development Act

Aid untied and only for poverty reduction & economic development
Private sector development - crucial for poverty reduction:

Private investment & enterprise = strongest drivers of employment, innovation, tax revenues & growth

Private enterprises are extensively involved in delivering basic services

By mobilising private investment and fostering inclusive business; DFID can multiply its reach & VFM
Sharing risks with business
in regions & sectors crucial for poor people: agriculture, infrastructure, finance, healthcare, schooling, training and climate
UK companies directly benefit not from tied aid, but from UK international development investment

UK aid has been fully untied since 2001, but UK companies have become highly competitive in the international development market. In 2012, global ODA was £95 billion

British companies won over 90% of DFID’s competitively-tendered, centrally-procured contracts in 2011

DFID Burma
DFID Burma
Sector budget 2011 -15
DFID Burma - Progamme Areas
Humanitarian & governance
Economic governance & transparency
Wealth & livelihoods
Basic health services through 3MDG Fund – HIV-AIDS, malaria, TB, maternal & child health, building health system
Combatting drug resistant malaria

Agriculture - through LIFT
Development of sector and capitalisation
Humanitarian assistance
Strengthening Public Financial Management
Strengthening Parliament and the Rule of Law
DFID Burma – Private Sector Development

Improving Business Climate
Advice to MDRI on policies to foster inclusive economic growth
Investment Climate Assessment by the World Bank
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
Exploring support for World Bank Financial Sector Master Plan

Combating drug resistant malaria
Raising agricultural productivity and resilience (LIFT)
Development of the micro-finance sector
Resource Centre for Responsible Business in Yangon
Business Innovation Facility for Burma
InfraCo Asia – exploring window for ag-infrastructure & agribusiness

Private sector?
Informal as well as formal enterprises
Domestic and international
DFID Burma - Private Sector Development
More & better private investment
More & better services
Improving the enabling environment (business climate)
Direct engagement with private enterprise
155,000 people affected by conflict receive humanitarian aid

500,000 people receive treatment to contain the spread of drug-resistant malaria

153,000 unintended pregnancies averted

Political rights and civil liberties improve, as measured by Freedom House

200,000 children are helped to complete primary school by 2015

110,000 more women have access to financial services

2 development finance organisations commit capital
or attract private investment
Full transcript