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Macromolecules: Compare and Contrast
Transcript of Macromolecules: Compare and Contrast
Polymers are molecules made from repeating units of monomers.
Proteins are a compound made of amino acids.
Atom arrangement of a protein.
All of the 4 macromolecules have carbon atoms.
All of the 4 macromolecules have oxygen.
All of the 4 macromolecules have hydrogen.
All of the 4 macromolecules play very important roles in biology.
Lipids and complex carbs can both store energy.
Important Roles in Biology
Carbohydrates give living things energy and energy is stored in complex carbs which are larger. Carbohydrates also serve as structural support molecules chitin and cellulose form.
Lipids store energy and seperates fat molecules. Double-bonded fat molecules are saturated and when fat molecules have at least one double bond it is unsaturated.
Nucleic acids hold genetic information. There are two types of nucleic acids; RNA and DNA. DNA and RNA make up the genes of living things
Proteins have many different purposes in cells. Proteins make up muscles and hair. Enzymes are a type of protein and catalyst that helps speed up a chemical reaction.
Proteins are made of amino acids.
Nucleic Acids are made of nucleotides.
Lipids are made of fatty acids.
Carbohydrates are made of monosaccharides.
Carbohydrates are a source of energy.
Lipids store energy.
Nucleic Acids hold genetic information.
Carbohydrates are sugars.
Lipids are fats and oils.
Lipids are molecules made mostly of carbons and hydrogens that make up the fats, oils, and waxes.
Carbohydrates are compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms for each carbon atom.
Macromolecules large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organics molecules together.
Enzyme catalyst; type of protein
DNA and RNA