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U.S. History Chapter 6
Transcript of U.S. History Chapter 6
1608-1763 Chapter 6 France Finds a Foothold in Canada New France main resource of revenue was the beaver.
Recruited Natives to catch the valuable animals. Although, this hurt the Natives' religious beliefs and their way of life.
Trade posts like Baton Rouge and Des Moines sprung up
Beaver hunting caused significant ecological damage to environment
French went abroad to hunt for beavers from the Great Lakes to the west.
French Catholic missionaries (JESUITS) wanted to Christianize the Natives and to save them from fur traders.
Jesuits played important roll in French exploration and geography New France Sets Out The Clash of Empires In 1749, rilvary for the lands of upper Ohio Valley had led to a major source of conflict. British speculators, influential Virginians (including the Washington family ) had legal "rights" to the 500,000 acres of land in the region. while the french were in the process of planting a chain of forts commanding the strategic ohio river. In 1754 the governor of virginia sent out George Washington to the ohio country with 150 virginian militiamen. The virginians fired the firsts shots against the French. The french retreated and came back with reinforcements. washington was forced to surreneder. fear of being stabbed in the back, british uprooted 4,000 french acadians and they were scattered south. the desendents of the french acadians are now called cajuns and number around a million. George Washington Inaugurates War with France
New France explorer who is credited for founding Louisiana in honor of Louis XIV (1682).
Did not want to set up trade posts---> wanted to conquer land for the French Empire. Antoine Cadillac Robert de La Salle Cadillac founded Detroit in 1701
Created Detroit to stop English settlers from moving into the Ohio Valley.
Wanted to gain more land for the French Empire France get a late start in colonizing America (like England and Holland)
Excuse was because in 16TH century they suffered foreign wars and issues at home.
To help ease Catholic-Protestant feuding, the Edict of Nantes (1598) was issued. It granted religious toleration to the Huguenots (French Protestants). King Louis XIV took an active interest in France’s lands overseas—he wanted more!! So, the French landed in the St. Lawrence River in what is today’s Quebec in 1608.
Samuel de Champlain was the leader of the expedition and “Father of New France.”
Champlain was on good terms with the local Huron Indians. He helped the Huron defeat their enemy, the Iroquois.
His alliance with the Huron would become a problem later with the British in the French and Indian War. New France didn’t have loads of immigrants (as did New England).
The French peasants were too poor to get themselves across the ocean.
The Huguenots were not permitted to emigrate. The government of New France (Canada) was under direct control of the king. The people did not elect any representative assemblies. English French Spanish Jesuit French officials created many posts throughout the Mississippi Delta in order to keep the Spanish out. New Orleans was important trading post (1718). Breadbasket of New France:
Illinois country, wheat was another source of revenue for the French. French also had control over Mississippi Delta, which helped them to have power in the fur trading industry The earliest battles among European power for control of North America, known to British colonists as King William's War (1689-1697) and Queen Anne's War (1702-1713). Most of the battles were between the British colonists, the French,
Spanish allied with French Captain Jenkins
The War of Jenkins's Ear started in 1739 between the British and Spaniards. Confined to area of Caribbean Sea and Georgia, James Oglethorpe fought Spanish to a standstill.
Both recruited Indian allies
Primitive guerrilla warfare because America was not worth the commitment of troops.
The wars ended in 1713 with peace terms signed at Utrecht. France and Spain were terribly beaten and Britain received French-populated Acadia and Newfoundland and the Hudson Bay.
The British also won limited trading rights in Spanish America, later involved friction over smuggling This small battle merged with the War of Austrian Succession in Europe and became known as King George’s War in America. New England invaded New France and captured Louisbourg. It ended in 1748 with a treaty that handed Louisbourg back to France, enraging the victorious New Englanders.
During peace “salutary neglect” fertile soil for the roots of independence
Four "world wars" involving France, Britain, Spain and Native Americans competing for domination in North America and Europe. One was the French and Indian War--set the stage for America's independence.