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The World of Tattoo's

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Lesley Young

on 27 May 2013

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Transcript of The World of Tattoo's

“Blank skin, is merely a canvas for a story.” (Chris Reiner) The World of Tattoo's 'Tattooing has been around for thousands of years. It is one of the oldest forms of art, laden with as many different meanings as there are global cultures.' (Handwerk 2002) History Procedure "There is no culture in which people do not, or did not paint, pierce, tattoo, reshape, or simply adorn their bodies. Fashions change and forms of body art come and go, but people everywhere do something or other to package their appearance." (Schildkrout 2001) Culture Designs Traditional Cosmetic Designs

Today, tattooing has gone mainstream
with everyone from movie stars to
grandmothers dressing up with body
art. Its appeal crosses class and
socioeconomic boundaries with
tattooists being recognized as fine
artists. Temporary History Designs Culture Henna Source – thisisafrica.me Procedure Designs Culture According to world renowned tattoo anthropologist Lars Kurtak, the 1991 discovery in the Alps of the "Iceman", whose corpse is believed to date back around 5,300 years, revealed that in ancient times tattoos were used for medicinal
purposes, as it was found that 85% of
his tattoos lined up with acupuncture
points. (Kurtak, 2013) A Survey of Selected Tribes in the South-South Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria found that of all ethnic groups in the research, body markings varied depending on time periods for the reasons they were made. More colorful, none permanent markings were used for festivals, while some permanent tattoos were made for
sacrificial purposes, such as
the-born-to-die-child. (Ossai-Ugbah,
N & Ogunrombi, 2012) History Cosmetic tattooing, also known as permanent makeup, is the procedure of adding color to the dermis layer of the skin to replicate the look of wearing make-up. History Procedure Culture The most popular cosmetic
tattoos are;

Lip liner
Lip coloring Cosmetic tattooing is not a modern invention, in fact it has been performed in the Middle East and Asia for centuries. Though it has only been around in the Western world for the last 30 years. Procedure Cosmetic tattoos are popular for numerous reasons such
as, convenience, vision impairment that makes applying make-up difficult, allergies to regular make-up etc. The history of temporary tattoos is very vague but it is known that they have been designed and manufactured since the turn of the 20th century. They were first introduced as prizes in bubble gum packets. Scratch and Sniff Tattoos are one of the most unusual form of temporary tattoo. These designs are coated with the famous 3M Microfragrence® material, hypoallergenic for sensitive skin, circa 1980s. The first temporary tattoos were made with food coloring and transferred to the skin with spit. The most popular spray on/airbrushed tattoos appear to be butterfly's, dragons and roses. Tattooing involves the placement of pigment into the skin's dermis, which is the layer of dermal tissue underlying the epidermis.

In ancient times, tattoos were made by hand-tapping the skin using sharpened sticks or animal bones, the marks were then rubbed with ash to make the coloring. The hand-tapping process is still used in some cultures today, using handmade needles attached to a stick. Cosmetic tattooist and educator Val Glover-Hovan, says she has witnessed many changes since she began tattooing in 1985, especially regarding people's attitudes.

"People were very suspicious of it. They had never heard of it and they were concerned about how it would look, it took about eight to 10 years before people were starting to see it as an acceptable thing." (Glover-Hoven, 2009) Henna, also known as Mehndi, is a oriental shrub. It's origin is a little difficult to trace due to centuries of migration and cultural interaction. Though there is some historical evidence that it originated in Ancient India as a ceremonial for of art.

Documentation proves
that the ancient Egyptians
stained the fingers and
toes of their Pharaohs
prior to mummification. During the 12th century in India, Henna was only used by the rich and ruling families. Over time it became popular and was used by everyone. Persian art women and dancers adorned henna painted hands, Arabian countries used mehndi for its cooling properties, and it was also used to dye hair. Today mehndi is used as a wedding tradition. The night before a wedding is known as the 'Night of Henna” or Mehndi when the bride's hands and feet are decorated with elaborate designs. (Shawna, 2013) The most preferred tool is a cone made of rolled plastic, similar to a cake decorating tube, with a tiny hole at the end. Mehndi also comes ready-made in tubes but is often quite thick and difficult to work with. Henna designs consist of art, quite similar to modern day doodles. For his master’s thesis, Lars studied a traditional tattoo technique called skin-stitching. Skin-stitching is the procedure of sewing geometric designs into the skin and is believed to be a form of acupuncture, that leaves behind a pigment forming a tattoo. The pigment s thought to have magical properties and is believed to shut down passageways into the souls of the body. (Kurtak, 2013) The procedure adds colored pigment to the second layer of the skin - unlike a body tattoo which is added to the third layer - to ensure the results have a soft, muted tone. References Galllery Articles Temporary tattoos have been in many cultures for centuries, especially in the Middle East and India, where many women receive henna tattoos on special occasions such as weddings. In other parts of the world, vegetable dyes have been used to temporarily color the skin and in Western culture, face and body painting are familiar forms of temporary tattoos. These days temporary
tattoos are sprayed on
using a stencil and
alcohol based inks. Ossai-Ugbah, N & Ogunrombi, S 2012,’Information dissemination through body markings: A survey of selected tribes in the South-south geo-political zone of Nigeria’, Journal of Educational and Social Research’, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 251 – 259, Mediterranean Centre of Social and Educational Research, viewed 13 May 2013, <http://www.mcser.org/images/stories/JESRJOURNAL/Jesr_May_2012/ngozi%20blessing.pdf > Traditional Handwerk, 2002, Tattoos&#151;From Taboo to Mainstream. 2013. Tattoos&#151;From Taboo to Mainstream. [ONLINE] Available at: http://news.nationalgeographic.com.au/news/2002/10/1011_021011_taboo.html. [Accessed 13 May 2013]. Lars Krutak, 2013, The Origin of Ink: Tattoos Through Time | Fox News Magazine. 2013. The Origin of Ink: Tattoos Through Time | Fox News Magazine. [ONLINE] Available at: http://magazine.foxnews.com/style-beauty/origin-ink-tattoos-through-time. [Accessed 13 May 2013]. Lars Krutak, THE ARCTIC: CIRCUMPOLAR REGIONS. 2013. Lars Krutak - THE ARCTIC: CIRCUMPOLAR REGIONS. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.larskrutak.com/articles/Arctic/. [Accessed 13 May 2013]. Schildkrout Enid, 2000, AnthroNotes Winter 2001. 2013. AnthroNotes Winter 2001. [ONLINE] Available at: http://anthropology.si.edu/outreach/anthnote/Winter01/anthnote.html. [Accessed 13 May 2013]. Schildkrout Enid, 2013, BODY ART AS VISUAL LANGUAGE pdf free download. 2013. BODY ART AS VISUAL LANGUAGE pdf free download. [ONLINE] Available at: http://freepdfdb.com/pdf/body-art-as-visual-language-7221310.html. [Accessed 13 May 2013]. Tattoos have been a part of culture, in one form or another for centuries in many parts of the world. Though the process seems to have evolved, the principle seems to have changed very little, with the motive being a form of expression. “Not only does the tattooed skin negotiate between the individual and society and between different social groups, but also mediates relations between persons and spirits, the human and the divine” (Schildkrout, 2004, p. 321). Schildkrout Enid,‘Inscribing the Body’ Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 33 (2004), pp. 319-344 http://magazine.foxnews.com/style-beauty/origin-ink-tattoos-through-time http://tattoos1996.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/tattoo-world-history.jpeg http://www.thisisafrica.me/opinion/detail/19565/Tribal-Marks-%E2%80%93-The-fading-of-the-%22African-tattoo%22 http://www.fashionacme.com/mehndi-henna-designs-bridal-eid-mahndi/ Glover-Hoven, Tattoos have moved into the cosmetic realm | Life and Lifestyle | Lifestyle and Living | | thetelegraph.com.au. 2013. Tattoos have moved into the cosmetic realm | Life and Lifestyle | Lifestyle and Living | | thetelegraph.com.au. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/archive/lifestyle/tattoos-have-moved-into-the-cosmetic-realm/story-e6frf00r-1225719048253. [Accessed 13 May 2013]. Cosmetic Shawna (2013) Indian Wedding Traditions : Mehndi | MaharaniWeddings.com. 2013. Indian Wedding Traditions : Mehndi | MaharaniWeddings.com. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.maharaniweddings.com/2009/02/the-tradition-of-mehndi/. [Accessed 13 May 2013]. Temporary Henna Images (Image: © South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology / Eurac / Marco Samadelli / Gregor Staschitz) http://tattooweblog.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/w430-68de7.jpg http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/artscience/files/2012/12/Lars-Krutak.jpg http://www.thisisafrica.me/opinion/detail/19565/Tribal-Marks-%E2%80%93-The-fading-of-the-%22African-tattoo%22 <http://allaboutmehndi.wordpress.com/2012/05/18/how-to-prepare-mehndi-at-home/> viewed 13 May 2013 Images http://funzmod.com/beautiful-glitter-mehndi-designs-2013/beautiful-glitter-mehndi-designs-2013/ <http://www.123people.com/f/permanent+makeup> viewed 13 May 2013 Images <http://www.123people.com/f/permanent+makeup> viewed 14 May 2013 <http://www.accosmetictattooing.com.au/about_us.html> viewed 13 May 2013 Images <http://img.21food.com/20110609/product/1306253872816.jpg> viewed 14 May 2013 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/wickedlady/1353380395/> <http://www.bobbyk.com/Portals/30893/images/Airbrush_Tattoos-Arts_and_Crafts-Fun_Stuff-Bobby_K_Entertainment.jpg> viewed 15 May 2013 <http://www.tcpglobal.com/airbrushdepot/kustom-airbrush-tattoo.aspx> viewed 15 May 2013 <http://www.thefoodsection.com/foodsection/culinary_couture/page/2/> viewed 15 May 2013 <http://tattooloversblog.com/introduction-to-henna-tattoo-designs/ancient-henna-tattoo-design/> viewed 16 May 2013 <http://www.karwachauth.com/how-to-apply-henna.html> viewed 16th May 2013 <http://browart23.tumblr.com/post/29057057613/simply-gorgeous-never-tried-henna-before-stop> viewed 16 May 2013 <http://funkidos.com/pictures-world/mix-photo/beautiful-mehndi-design-pictures-20-pictures/> viewed 14 May 2013 Video Tattoo Hunter. mov < viewed 13 May 2013 Video Airbrush Dragon Tattoo <youtube.com/watch?v=wsrn_pZZj0o> viewed 14 May 2013 Video Cosmetic Tattooing Permanant Eyeliner <youtube.com/watch?v=wsrn_pZZj0o>16 May 2013 Video Simple Henna Design < viewed 16 May 2013
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