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GAY, LESBIAN, BISEXUAL, TRANSGENDER AND INTERSEX COMMUNITIES
Transcript of GAY, LESBIAN, BISEXUAL, TRANSGENDER AND INTERSEX COMMUNITIES
Homosexuals are people who have a sexal attraction to or sexual relations with someone of the same sex.
Female homosexuals are referred to as lesbians
Male homosexuals are referred to as gay
Bisexual is used to refer to people who are attracted to both males and females
Transgender is used to refer to people woh are born male/female but feel they were meant to be the opposex, which is the one they identify with, and so make changes to become a member of that sex.
Intersex is used to refer to people who are born with genitas that are not typically those of male or female
Statistics are often eith misrepresented or incorrect. The 2011 Australian Census provided the following information:
Same sex couples account for a very small proportion of all couple families. In 2011, 0.7% of couples were same sex; in 2006, they accounted for 0.6%.
There were more than 33000 same-sex de facto couples recorded in Australia. However, it could be significantly higher as the figure is of those who admitted to living together.
96% of same sex couples were described as de facto. This was 32% higher than 2006. The increase may be a result of willingness to identify.
More male than female same-sex couples were reported, 109 male couples for ever 100 female.
Most same sex couple partners that identified in the Census were non Indigenous
Other research shows that up to 9% of secondary students are not attracted exclusively to people of the opposite sex.
Terminology used by the Community
Terminology is varied
Historical perspectives V's current societal views
Gay Pride- encompases positivity- identity and strength
Brainstorm terminology associated with GLBTI group
Research a definition
This group is made up of individuals with different gender identities and sexualities.
Individuals in this group might be very forward in relation to their sexuality nd might make their sexual orientation known to those around them, where as others might choose not to flaunt their sexual orientations
ACCESS TO SERVICES
TYPES OF SERVICES
Everyone Has The Chance to Find Employment And Live
ISSUES OF CONCERN FOR GLBTI
SATISFACTION OF NEEDS
SPECIFIC NEEDS OF THE GROUP
SHE HAS Education
CATEGORY B- 1ST GROUP
de Hann, A; Wilson D, 2014
Number of Male and Female Same Sex Couples
1996-2011 (ABS, 2013)
Using the ABS 2013 report- collate some information on the data provided on Age groups for GBTI
Families and Children
Just over 1 in 10 same sex couples had children
More common for female than male
Any other information you can find on the ABS site
1. Suggest why there re gaps in this data and how this may impact on the GLBTI groups's wellbeing.
2. Watch the following
a- Identify scenarios enacted in the clip that highlight the prevalence of discrimination towards GLBTI individuals.
b- Suggest what impact this discrimination may have upon an individual and their friends
1.Research some concerns that the members of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex communities might have. Document findings.
2. What is the prevalence of GLBTI in Australia?
3. What is the determining factor for whether an individual is part of this group?
4. How might individuals within this group vary
5. Recognise that the community uses positive and negative terminology to describe each group. Discuss the impact this might have on individuals within the group
Watch clips and assess how it contributes to defining the members of the GLBTI community
SAFETY AND SECURITY
ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING
(FOOD, SHELTER, CLOTHING)
SENSE OF IDENTITY
Justify the TWO most significant
needs for each group and discuss
the implications if these are not met
FACTORS AFFECTING ACCESS TO SERVICES
GLBTI have the right to feel safe an secure, living free of discrimination, harassment and any related remotional or physical violence.
Homosexuals often have a sense of fear and insecurity in various situations, mainly due to prejudice and discrimination that has historically existed.
Homophobic individuals and groups sometimes bully and taunt
Some gay individuals deliberately isolate themselves in the school or workplace to help protect their saftey.
Workplaces and communities have developed campaign aimed at addressing the incidence of homophobic violence in the community.
Eg- Oxford Street Safety Strategy, 2007-2010, where the safety was successfully improved and violence reduced.
Members of GLBTI can experience a range of significant health issues.
HIV-Aids- Compared with hetrosexuals, homosexuals, esp men, are diagnosed with HIV at a much higher rate. In 2010, more than 1000 new cases of HIV were recorded in people older than 13. A report released in Oct 2013- HIV risen by 10% in 12 months
Cancer- Possibly higer risk for cancers linked to high levels of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. Discrimination, stigma and violence increases the likelihood to misuse alcohol, tobacco and other drugs.
Sexual Health- Increased risk taking behaviour may lead to STI's, BBV or HIV/AIDS.
Obesity in lesbians is higher than the national average. EV disease and respiratory disease are higher in lesbian and bi women
Suicide Prevention- GLBTI have the highest rates of suicide of any populationin Aust. The rate of suicide attempts is 14 times higher in same gender attracted Australians than hetrosexual peers.
Sexual orientation should not affect any aspect of a job.
GLBTI are protected in the workforce by policies and laws in relation to discrimination.
According to the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977, it is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against a person on the grounds of homosexuality
Young GLBTI individuals are more likely to experience homelessness as a result of coming out and being rejected by their family.
Home can also be a safe haven for GLBTI families, as it is an environment where hey can openly express who they are without fear of harassment and prejudice
Anti-Discrimination Act 1977- it is unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person on the ground of the person's homosexuality by:
-refusing the person's application for accommodation
-denying the person access, or limiting his or her access to accommodation
-evicting the person
Members of the GLBTI communities are more likely to experience discrimination in employment, resulting in more narrow employment opportunities and consequently, lower wages.
Can experience low self esteem due to discrimination and prejudice that are evident throughout society.
People who are harassed or victimised can become negative about themselves and uncomfortable about their status in society.
May experience anxiety and depression about their sexual orientations.
Can be fearful of the reaction of their family and friends, and upset about their perceived need to hide their sexual identity.
Important to access services to support their self esteem, talk to tfamily, friends teachers etc.
-Various organisations aim to minimise the discrimination associated with homosexuality.
-School curriculum includes information about homosexuality.
-DEC provides resources aimed at addressing homosexuality, - teaching against violence.
-Education is important for GLBTI in relation to overall health and wellbeing. They need to learn about the issues associated with their sexual orientation.
-Need to education the general population aout issues of homophobia and transphobia
1. Visit website of the Department of Health and Aging- www.health.gov.au, and search HIV-Aids
Investigate 1 initiative and strategies in place
Share your strategy with the class
2. Visit cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au and search for 'Oxford Street Safety Strategy'. Assess how the key objectives will be achieved.
Research a range of serices available to support GLBTI communities.
Use the 'Families like mine' resource on the beyond blue website as a starting point. Other sites include
-The Gender Centre
Ethnicity/ Culture/ Language
Explore the factors that can affect the GLBTI communities' access to services. Consider the following questions:
1. What type of service do the group members requrie access to?
2. How do the characteristics of GLBTI communities affect the members' access to the services?
3. What resources are necessary in oder to support GLBTI communities' access to services?
4. How available are the services within the community?