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Ancient China

Stuff about Ancient China and stuff

Kevin Qu

on 6 October 2015

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Transcript of Ancient China

Sesame ball is a sticky rice dough ball filled with sweetened bean paste, rolled all over in sesame seeds and deep fried.
Consumed at Chinese New Year’s Eve parties—where they are considered lucky, their expansive dough presaging expansive fortune—and other parties year-round
Popular street food in China, Vietnam,
Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.
Ancient Chinese Literature
By: Reshma, Kevin, Jazmine, Marie, Olivia
Food: Sesame Balls
China's Four Classical Literature
Journey to the West: Chapter 13-99
Journey to the West: Ch 100 - Epilogue
Character Info: The Monkey King
Character Info: Zhu BaiJie
Character Info: Sha WuJing
Character Info: XuanZang(AKA: Tang Seng)
Literary Devices: Symbolism
Literary Devices: Archetypes and Personification
Literary Devices: Themes and Characterization
Relation to the Past
Relation to the Past
Impact on Today
Impact on Today
Journey to the West: Ch. 1-7
Sun Wokong (AKA Monkey King)
Born from a stone and goes to become a monkey king
Learns to become a king in 300 years
Becomes scared of death and looks for immortality
Commits several criminal-like actions & becomes punished once
Heavenly Emperor asks Buddha to catch Monkey King
Buddha traps Monkey King under Mountain of Five Elements for 500 years
"Journey of the West Summary." Journey of the West. Liew Xiang Xiang (a.k.a. Yuen), 2008. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
Carr, Karen. "Romance of the 3 Kingdoms." Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Karen Carr, Portland State University, 2015. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
He is born on Flower Fruit Mountain from a stone egg that forms from an ancient rock created by the coupling of Heaven and Earth

His primary weapon is his staff, the "Ruyi Jingu Bang", which he can shrink down to the size of a needle and keep in his ear, as well as expand it to gigantic proportions

Very mischievous and loves to cause
Regarded to be the greatest and most influential of Chinese Literature.
By: Shi Nai'an
14th Century
By: Luo Guanzhong
14th Century
By: Cao Xueqin
18th Century
By:Wu Cheng'en
16th Century
Journey to the West: Ch 8-12
Buddha asked Goddess Guanyin to get Tang Seng to take holy Buddhist scriptures (based on Tang's background)
Also describes Emperor TaiZong of Tang Dynasty
About Tang's journey to the Leiyin Temple in India
14 years to complete; Setting includes various magical scenes on the Silk Road
First rescues Monkey King from the Mountain
Monkey King is given a ring for his head to control his powers + he helps Tang on his journey
Also recruits Zhu BaiJie and Sha WuJing
They encounter several demons, evil spirits, and "demons" (are actually heavenly beings and animal spirits)
Group finally attains scriptures
"Water Margin Summary & Study Guide." BookRags. BookRags, 2015. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
The monk Xuan Zhang goes to India to retrieve original Buddhist scriptures for China.

Although he is helpless in defending himself, the Guan Yin helps by finding him powerful disciples who aid and protect him on his journey. In return, the disciples will receive enlightenment and forgiveness for their sins
once the journey is done.

Along the way, they help the local inhabitants by defeating various monsters and demons who try to
obtain immortality by eating Xuanzang's flesh.
Everyone is rewarded with something of heavenly standard
Monkey King + Tang receive Buddhahood
Sha WuJing receives "altar" (becomes worthy)
Zhu BaiJie receives "Cleanser of the Altars"
He can eat as much leftovers as he wants
Once an immortal who was the Marshal of the Heavenly Canopy commanding 100,000 naval soldiers of the Milky Way, he drank too much during a celebration of gods and attempted to flirt with the moon goddess Chang'e, resulting in his banishment into the mortal world
He loves to eat and loves women
Many movies and cartoons have been made from this story

This story has influenced games such as League of Legends
#1: Water Margin
Written in the 14th Century
Tells the story of 108 Chinese Bandits who were framed by the government
The bandits travel around China to gain amnesty so they can legally serve their country.
However, the bandits were eventually overpowered by the corrupt government officials.
By: Shi Nai'an
Theme - central idea(s) shown throughout the story
Religion is a major recurring theme
Buddhism and Taoism are the main ones
Allegory-Hidden Meaning
Complex work of religious allegory
the bewildering array of cultures (Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, is diverse and boldly interwoven
The lines that define these three three religions become increasingly blurred as the Monkey’s journey progresses.
Stupid funny character = Zhu BaiJie
Hero = Monkey King
Human characteristics within animals
Monkey King
#2 : Romance of the Three Kingdoms
By: Luo Guanzhong
Written in the 14th century;
Based on legends and historical events that occurred more than a thousand years before it was written
Story opens at the decline of the Han dynasty as evil generals try to seize the empire for themselves
This is what leads the heroes of the novel to step forward and try to preserve the China as they know it.
#3: Dream of the Red Chamber
By: Cao Xueqin
Written in the 18th century
Novel is a record of the lives of two houses of the wealthy aristocratic Jia Clan.
Story revolves around Jia Baoyu, the heir of the family, who in his previous life was a stone that gave life to a flower. The flower is reincarnated as his sickly cousin, Lin Daiyu, who is also his love interest. However, he is predestined to marry his other cousin, Xue Baochai.
The novel follows this love triangle against the backdrop of the family's declining fortunes from the height of their prestige.
Monkey King represents wealth
West symbolizes old age
#4: Journey to the West
16th Century
Based on Xuanzang's journey to India
He was a monk at Jingtu temple in the late Sui Dynasty and early Tang Dynasty
Japanese manga:
One Piece
Dragon Ball

Left Chang'an in 629 in search of Buddhist scripture, in defiance of emperor Taizong of Tang's ban on travel
Arrived in India in 630
Visited important Buddhist pilgrimage sites and debating the rivals of Buddhism
Left India in 643 and arrived back in Chang'an in 646
Greeted with honor but refused all high civil appointments offered by the emperor
Retired to a monastery and devoted his energy in translating Buddhist texts
Brought back more than 100 Sarira relics
The Tower of Myraid Mirrors
"Dream of the Red Chamber." - New World Encyclopedia. New World Encyclopedia, 24 Aug. 2013. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
"Journey to the West." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Sept. 2015. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
"Journey to the West Summary." Enotes.com. Enotes.com, 2015. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
Fraim, John. "Traditional Symbol Dualities." Symbolism.Org: Battle of Symbols: Traditional Symbol Dualities. John Fraim, 2001. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
Patterson, David J. "Journey to the West." Literature Literature Literature Journey to the West Comments. WordPress, 20 Apr. 2010. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
Shā Wùjìng , was once a celestial Curtain Lifting General, who stood in attendance by the imperial chariot in the Hall of Miraculous Mist. He was exiled to the mortal world and made to look like a monster because he accidentally smashed a crystal goblet belonging to the Queen Mother of the West during a Peach Banquet
Sha is known to be the most obedient,
logical, and polite of the three disciples, and
always takes care of his master, seldom
engaging in the bickering of his fellow
disciples. He has no major faults nor any
extraordinary characteristics.
Full transcript