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History of Education 1900-Present Day
Transcript of History of Education 1900-Present Day
1900 - 1910
: The Association of American Universities is founded.
: Joliet Junior College is the first public community college to open.
: The first public junior high school was established in Berkeley, California.
: By this time, most public schools have kindergarten programs
1911 - 1930
: The American Federation of Teachers is founded.
: NEA's commission on Reorganization of Secondary Education unveils proposal to restructure high schools. Students are sorted into 4 curricular programs.
: All states now have laws for funding school transportation for children.
: The US Supreme Court ruled that children do not have to attend public schools, they can attend private schools instead.
: The first Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) is administered.
The Child's Conception of the World
The Great Depression caused public education funding to suffer, school closings, teacher layoffs, and lower salaries.
1931 - 1950
: Due to WWII many of the country's resources went to the war effort, causing the war to be the top priority over education.
: Congress enacts the G.I. Bill to provide federal funds for college education of veterans at public, private, and religious schools.
: Mendez v. Westminster and the California Board of Education ruled that educating children of Mexican descent in separate facilities is unconstitutional.
: McCollum v. Board of Education does not allow students to participate in religious education in their public school classrooms.
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Compulsory school attendance laws are enacted in all states. During this stage, government compels the establishment of school districts, taxation for government schools, curriculum and structure, and children's school attendance.
1951 - 1960
: B.F. Skinner's
Science and Human Behavior
: Supreme Court case Brown vs. Board of Education outlaws racial segregation in government schools.
: Students in Little Rock, Arkansas are physically prevented to enter school by the National Guard from orders of Arkansas governor, Faubus, after the Supreme Court ruled integration in public schools.
: Congress passes the National Defense Education Act which provides federal funds to local public schools for science, math, and foreign language instruction as well as guidance counseling services.
: First American College Test (ACT) is administered.
1961 - 1970
Samuel A. Kirk uses the term "Learning Disability" at a Chicago conference on children with perceptual disorders. The term sticks and in 1964, the Learning Disabilities Association of America is formed.
Coral Way Elementary School starts the nation's first bilingual public school.
: President Johnson funded programs such as Project Head Start, Job Corps, Subsidized School Lunches, and Title One began.
: Congress enacts the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, providing federal funds for local public schools.
: Piaget publishes his book
The Science of Education.
1971 - 1980
: Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children v. Pennsylvania, ruled that students with Mental Retardation are entitled to a free public education.
: Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex.
: "504 Plans" are developed to provide accommodations for students with disabilities who do not qualify for special education or an IEP.
: Equal Education Opportunities Act prohibits discrimination and requires schools to take action to overcome barriers which prevent equal protection.
: The National Association of Bilingual Education is founded.
: The U.S. Department of Education is elevated Cabinet level status
Freedom or School Choice Era
During this stage, education options for children expand through home-schooling, vouchers, tuition tax credits, scholarship tax credits, education deductions, and charter schools.
1981 - 1995
: Carl D. Perkin's Vocational and Technical Education Act passes, increasing the quality of trade education
: The University of Phoenix establishes their "online campus", the first University to offer online bachelors and masters degrees.
: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act adds Autism and Traumatic Brain Injury to the eligibility list.
:The First charter school is established.
: Georgia become the first state to offer universal preschool for all four year-olds whose parents choose to enroll them.
1996 - 2002
: James Banks' book
Multicultural Education: Transformative Knowledge and Action
makes an important contribution to the growing body of scholarship, regarding multiculturalism in education.
: Clinton Administration Education Program set goals to encourage local school systems into meeting educational needs, help students reach their potential, increase parental involvement, and improve teachers' skills.
: No Child Left Behind Act is signed into Law by President George W. Bush. The law mandates high-stake student testing, holds school accountable for student achievement levels, and provides penalties for schools that do not make adequate yearly progress toward meeting the goals of NCLB.
2003 - 2013
: The re-authorization of IDEA aligns with No Child Left Behind and requires school districts to use the Response to Intervention approach (RTI).
: The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities join the trend toward use of the term Intellectual Disability in place of Mental Retardation.
: The Common Core State Standards Initiative is launched and most states are expected to adopt them.
: The U.S. economy mired in a recession with unemployment remaining high, states have massive budget deficits, and as many as 300,000 teachers face layoffs.
: Strong start for America's Children Act is initiated for providing high quality, full-day preschool for four year-olds who come from low-income families
Era's of American Education History
American Education has come a long way since it's beginning. The era's of change include:
The Permissive Era
The Encouraging Era
The Compulsory Era
The Freedom or School Choice Era
We have highlighted the major events and turning points throughout the Compulsory Era and the Freedom or School Choice Era, that have shaped our education system today.
American Education has come a long way since the 1900s. There have been flaws as well as strengths, and changes have been made for better or for worse.
In the future, we will continue learn from our mistakes and make new strides in education that will benefit all students, teachers, administrators, and families involved.
A brief history of american education.
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cblpi.org/ftp/School%20Choice/EdHistory.pdf
American educational history: A
hypertext timeline (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.eds-resources.com/educationhistorytimeline.html
Ryan, &. C. (n.d.). Retrieved from