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Antebellum south

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Diana Toy

on 14 May 2010

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Transcript of Antebellum south

Culture of Antebellum South
Slave states: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia (District of Colombia had slavery until April 16, 1862)
Anti-slavery States: Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Kansas, Iowa, Oregon, and California

Hucks time period was completly different
from today's with its firm ground on slavery and
its view of African Americans as property because of this
thinking process Huck struggled within his own conscience and ideals Slavery
Slaves were usually located on small farms, large plantations, cities and towns, inside homes (butler), in fields, and industry and transportation
3/4 of southern whites didn’t own slaves
Of those who did, 88% owned twenty or less
Most cotton plantation had 5o or less
Larger plantation had several hundred
Jobs: clear land, dig ditches and graves, cut and haul wood, slaughter live stock, repair buildings
Many were blacksmiths, mechanics, drivers and carpenter
The slaves clothing and bedding was minimal and food was not equal to their amount of work
House slaves often got more food and their family’s old clothing
Unsanitary conditions and inadequate nutrition and unrelenting hard labor made disease very likely and slaves had to work when they were sick
Child mortality on most plantations was about 66% but on rice plantations it was around 90%
Many slaves were Christians and often told the story of Moses leading his people out of slavery from Egypt
Women Slaves Women had to take care of their family and the owner’s family by cooking cleaning, watching children, spinning, weaving and sewing
Many women slaves became subjected to stalking, harassment, and rape mainly by their overseers and owners
The act of raping a slave was treated as trespassing not a sexual assault
Manners in Antebellum (1789-1849) Name three anti-slavery states
and three slavery states
What does Antebellum mean? Name three presidents during the
Antebellum time period Presidents George Washington
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
James Monroe
John Quicy Adams
Andrew Jackson
Martin van Buren
William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
James Polk
Zachary Taylor "Perfect ladies and gentlemen" according to Doctor Michael Gagnon
Lots of perfume
Full dresses reaching several yards circumference
Wore men clothing around home but in public condemned
Beards and mustaches were not customary
Women went to hairdressers to get hair done
Could not wear hats usually in the presence of women
Cleanliness was important but wasn't daily
Women weren’t supposed to talk about their health to men
Women and gentlemen avoided contact in public
When dancing contact was limited to elbows and touching the woman’s waist was strictly forbidden
Eating couldn’t make chewing noise
Napkin always in lap
Manners put aside when chewing tobacco
Didn’t matter where they spit tobacco

Conclusion Since the Antebellum period was strictly
polite society it creates a sharp contrast
between civilization and living in the wild Name three duties a slave would carry out Quote from Huck Finn Colonel Sherburn: "The average man is a coward. In the North he lets anybody walk over him that wants to and goes home and prays for a humble spirt to bear it. In the South one man, all by himself has stopped a stage full of men in the daytime and robbed the lot. Your newspapers call you brave so much that you are braver than any other people-whereas you're just as brave and no braver. Why don't your juries hang murders? Because they're afraid the man's friends will shoot them in the back-and its just what they would do." This quote represents Twain's point of view of southren antebellum society Antebellum South means pre-war (1789-1849) The End
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