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Articles of the Confederation
Transcript of Articles of the Confederation
The need for uniting the states after the American Revolution, rested upon the powers of the Contintental Congress, and the individual states, which led Congress to entrust the creation of a federal constitution to a committee lead by John Dickinson.
The committee was able to create 13 articles and a premable, which was adopted by Congress in November 15, 1777. Articles of Confederation
Because of their experience with Great Britain, the 13 states feared a powerful central government. Consequently, they changed Dickinson's proposed articles drastically before they sent them to all the states for ratification in November 1777.
Although the Articles of Confederation were sent to the states in November 1777, it took until March of 1781 for each state to approve of the Articles of Confederation in full. The signing of this document established the original thirteen colonies as the United States of America and also provided the official governmental policies for the country. The Revolutionary War was the means by which the thirteen original colonies sought to keep their independence from the British Empire after signing the Declaration of Independence.
Prior to defeating Great Britain, the colonies had decided that they no longer had allegiance to Great Britain and decided that they were independent of the British rule, which prompted the revolutionary war. Positive Of The Articles The Northwest Ordinances of 1787 is produced, which the government owned land to soon be developed into states.
The Peace treaty with Great Britain, which acquired land that included the entire Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River.
Creation of departments such as the treasury and war.
Treated all citizens equally. The Negatives and Outcomes Congress had no power to collect taxes, which led to the government to be short of money.
Congress had no power to regulate foreign trade causing economic disputes towards trade with other countries.
Congress had no power to enforce laws, which dependet on the states to enforce laws
The government had no executive branch, so thier was no effective way to coordinate the work on the government.
Their was no national court system, which made it hard for the central government to settle disputes among other states. Congress could not force the states to adhere to the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 ending the American Revolution, which was humiliating to the new government, especially when some states started their own negotiations with foreign countries.
Leaders like Alexander Hamilton of New York and James Madison of Virginia,and General George Washington criticized the limits placed on the central government,
Even though Great Britain had a strong military force, the thirteen independent colonies along with other nations defeated Great Britain. To bring a total stop to the revolution, the Articles of Confederation were composed during the Revolutionary War and finalized after the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which was the document signed by the Congress of the Confederation and Great Britain which officially ended the war. Continental Congress presented a report on the proposed articles to the Congress on July 12, 1776, eight days after the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
Dickinson initially proposed a strong central government, with control over the western lands, equal representation for the states, and the power to levy taxes. The connection of the Constintution and the Articles On February 21, 1787, Congress called for a Constitutional Convention to be held in May to revise the articles. Between May and September, the convention wrote the present Constitution for the United States, which retained some of the features of the Articles of Confederation but gave considerably more power to the federal government. The new Constitution provided for executive and judicial branches of government, lacking in the Articles, and allowed the government to tax its citizens.
1775 Second Continental Congress 1776 Declaration of Independence 1777 Articles of Confederation Written 1781 Articles go into affect
Revolutionary War ends Treaty of Paris 1783 Constintutional
to states. 1787 1789 Govt under the Constitution begins 1.What led to the creations of the articles?
2.Who created it and why?
3.What were the benefits and negatives of creating the Articles of Confederation?
4.Who did it affect?
5.How does it connect to the American Revolution?
6.How does it connect to the Constitution?
7.How does the article fail?
QUESTIONS Work Cited