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Transcript of VISION
WWI & The Great Depression Period
WHAT DID WE LEARN?
-Mobilization through emerging leaders
MLK:Host Leader, Envisioned future
Joann Robinson-tactical leader
Rosa Parks, Autherine Lucy,James Meredith- Symbolic leaders
Hidden Powers - Social norms
Power over - Existing segregation laws, Police and government
Power with - Coalitions and organizers working together
Power within - Passion for the cause creates new leaders
-Opposing mission; non-violence vs. violence
-Sustaining the campaign
-Geographic coverage of campaign
-Laws, media societal blocks
-Formation of MFDP
-Mass voter registration
WWII & Beyond
World War Two had marked a new stage for the Black struggle in America. Over 3 million Black people registered for the armed services and half a million served in the Pacific, Africa and Europe in racially segregated units.
At home, the war economy drew Blacks into the northern factories. The migratory process that began in the First World War accelerated during the Second. Between 1941 and 1946 a million Blacks left the south for the north. The war further diminished the Black rural population and increased their concentration in key northern cities.
The same determination not to return to the old conditions which gripped Black America after the First World War returned after the Second World War. As soon as the war ended a spate of protests broke out in the south over segregation in transport facilities. The first major battle was the now famous Montgomery bus boycott.
Development of the Vision
The vision started with desegregation in transportation in the southern states. it then developed into granting equal right for all Americans; white and colored.
The Status Quo
The Proponents of the Movement
- Black Community
- Empathetic white
- Marginalized communities (Jews, Musilms, people of color)
The Murder of Emmett Till
The black and colored people suffered the injustices and adversities of segregation everyday in their life. They get up out of bed to go to the worst paid and least desirable jobs, they take the back seat of the bus, if a white person comes in they give up their seat and stand up. If they need a break from their job burden, they had to go to segregated restaurants, even segregated facilities! Black adults had to go to segregated schools. So, segregation is the keyword in the life of a Nigro at that time.
Historical & Social
Slavery had been abolished in 1865, yet, America was still a place dominated by racial hatred and oppression.
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and based on the novel and play The Clansman, both by Thomas Dixon.
The film was a commercial success, but was highly controversial owing to its portrayal of African-American men (played by white actors in black face) as unintelligent and sexually aggressive towards white women, and the portrayal of the Ku Klux Klan (whose original founding is dramatized) as a heroic force.
Jim Crow (1876-1965) (the popular term for racial segregation) was not just legalistic, it was a dynamic and violent caste system vigorously enforced by the state.
Its ideology of white racial superiority gave birth to crazed lynch-mobs - a means of forcibly "keeping Blacks in their place"
Historical & Political
Dr. Robert Russa Moton (1918),successor to Booker T. Washington Tuskegee movement, was sent to France by President Wilson to "issue certain warnings to Black troops". He told them "they must not expect the same democracy they had experienced in France" and "they should return contented with the same status they had before experiencing democracy abroad."
400,000 Black soldiers returned home after World War One. They refused to live under the old conditions of racist America.
That tactic did not work . Between 1918 and 1919 huge strikes involving Blacks broke out across America.
While white America was enjoying its biggest boom (the roaring 20s) while there was still mass unemployment amongst Blacks which increased during 1929-33 depression.
* The training of black lawyers
* Howard’s Law School as training ground
* Full accreditation and understanding of constitution law as mandatory
* Worthy role of a lawyer as social engineer
* The Nathan Ross Margold’s Document and its impact
PART ONE: The Law As A Tool To Aid The Oppressed
* James Lawson and the sin-in movement
* The Nashville Student Movement
* The Greensboro Sit-in
* The Tallahassee ally
PART TWO: The Sit-in Movement
Whiteman council (Citizens' Council)
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
- Positive, not mere negation or resistance
- Relevant to People’s Perceived Needs and Values
- Realistic & Achievable
- Strategic Linkage, Long- & Short-term Goals
- Clarity of Focus yet Flexibility for Further Development
- As Inclusive (win-win) as Possible
- Built on (Expanded) Self-interest
- Grounded in Reality, yet Transcendent
- Credibility, Integrity, Commitment of the Visioner/Messenger
- Obtain equal rights as Americans.
> Civil right (transportations, facilities,
> Political rights (voting, representation)
> Economic rights (job opportunities,
equal pay, )
- End the separate-but-equal doctrine.
-Change in constitutional rights
-Civil Rights Act of 1964
-Voting Rights bill of 1965